J. P. Chandrababu
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2011)|
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
|Died||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Occupation||Comedian, actor, director, playback singer, singer and dancer|
Joseph Panimayadas Rodriguez Chandrababu (1927–1974) (Tamil: ஜோசப் பனிமயதாஸ் சந்திரபாபு) was a Tamil film comedian, actor, director, singer and dancer, whose Chaplinesque style on-screen movements and singing style made him popular from the late 1940s to the early 1970s. His style has also been likened to that of Jerry Lewis. He had a mastery of the Madras Bashai, a dialect unique to the Madras region His slapstick style of comedy has been emulated by subsequent actors, such as Prabhu Deva in Kaadhalan movie. Many of his songs have remained popular.
There is confusion regarding his full name. His last name has been variously given as Chandrababu, Rodriguez and Fernando, whilst his middle name has been shown as Panimayadas or Pichai, and his first as Joseph or Jacob. His father was Joseph Pichai Rodriguez and his mother Roselin Fernando.
Chandrababu was born to a Christian family in 1927 at Tuticorin, India. His father, a freedom fighter, ran a paper called Sudhandhira Veeran which, along with the family assets, was seized by the British government in 1929 when he was arrested for participating in the satyagraha movement. He and the family were exiled to Colombo, Sri Lanka on his release[when?], where his father worked for a Tamil newspaper. Chandrababu was educated at St. Joseph's College, Colombo and Aquinas College prior to his family moving once more, this time to Chennai in 1943. Here they lived in Triplicane, where his father worked for the Dinamani newspaper.
Chandrababu was very passionate about acting despite opposition from his family members. But his friend Ganapathy is only person motivating his acting skills. From his childhood, he was expert in singing and whenever he meet his friends or relations they want Chandrababu to sing. He had spent many days starving himself and searching for a chance in the film. In 1952 he attempted suicide by ingesting copper sulphate crystals in the canteen of Gemini Studios. He had written a suicide note explaining his reasons, which included that he had been unable to meet the director S. S. Vasan, and that his body was to be handed over to B. S. Ramaiah, the director of his only film at that date. Suicide was a criminal offence and so he was arrested. but when his case came to trial the judge asked him to prove his acting ability. Chandrababu rendered a Shakespearean monologue that so impressed the judge that he was not jailed.
Sri Lanka had a very western outlook in those times and Chandrabubu picked up on western styles of song and dance while there. In these early years Chandrababu made acquaintances of the actors Sriram, B. R. Panthulu and, through them, T. R. Mahalingam. They appreciated his talent in singing and mimicry of Hollywood stars such as Charles Boyer. He made his debut with a small role in the 1947 film Dhana Amaravathi but struggled thereafter to obtain parts.
One of those who had assisted him in being taken to hospital at the time of his attempted suicide was Gemini Ganesan. When Vasan came to know of this episode he gave Chandrababu a small role in the 1952 film Moondru Pillaigal, the playing of which impressed Vasan so much that he predicted a successful career.
Chandrababu also filmed Chinnadurai and Mohanasundaram in the same year. In Chinnadurai, produced and directed by T. R. Mahalingam, he sang the song Poda Raja Podi Nadaya, the first time that yodelling had been heard in Indian film. It is claimed that, as of 2009, he remained the only person capable of yodelling in south Indian cinema,. Chandrababu loved western music and learned the art of yodelling by listening to singers such as Gene Autry and Hank Williams.
When A. V. Meiyappan filmed Sahodari, he found that it lacked an ingredient that would ensure box office success. Chandrababu was called and after watching the film he added a comedy track for himself, wrote it and also sang the song Naan oru muttalunga, converting the film into a hit.
It was Chandrababu who first spoke and popularised the Madras Baashai in films. He learned this dialect from the rickshaw pullers and street vendors near his home in Triplicane and later in Mir Sahib Pet.
Chandrababu is also a good singer. He used to be a playback singer before singing for himself. He lent his voice for S. Balachander for the song Kalyanam Kalyanam... Ullasamagave Ulagathil in Penn and for Sivaji Ganesan for the song Jolly Life Jolly Life in Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari .
He sang under almost all of the music directors of the 1950s till 1960s namely T. G. Lingappa, G. Govindarajulu Naidu, S. V. Venkatraman, R. Sudharsanam, Viswanathan Ramamoorthy, G. Ramanathan, S. M. Subbaiah Naidu, S. Rajeswara Rao, T. R. Papa and K. V. Mahadevan.
He sang along duets mostly with K. Jamuna Rani and L. R. Eswari. Other singers include A. G. Rathnamala, Jikki, A. P. Komala, T. M. Soundararajan, P. B. Sreenivas, A. L. Raghavan, P. Suseela, P. Leela, Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi and Manorama.
Chandrababu first met Sheila at her residence and subsequently marriage was arranged in 1958. Famous film personalities and politicians including chief minister Kamaraj attended their marriage. The initial days of married life had gone well. One day Sheila confessed that, she was not living a truthful life with him and had been raped unconscious by someone. Later she fell in love with another person. After learning this, Chandrababu was heart brokened and ended up in a confused state. In the subsequent days, she had attempted suicide which was foiled by Chandrababu. Considering Sheila's fortune, they had divorced formally. He continued to offer support to her until she left for London. After a few days, she married a doctor in London with the acceptance of Chandrababu by a letter communication. In a business mired by sycophancy, he chose not to mince his words and this restricted his opportunities from the 1960s onward. After this, he had decided to take a temporary break from Film career, and he went to Delhi without informing even his close friends. He spent those days consuming alcohol. Later he restarted his career in Film industry despite his failed love and marriage.
Chandrababu directed the film Maadi Veettu ezhai with M. G. Ramachandran as hero. Eventually, he failed on this venture as Ramachandran did not cooperate with him. The film was also dropped. The reasons for Ramachandran's non-cooperation is well explained by script writer Aroordhas, in his 2002 memoirs Naan Muham Paartha Cinema Kannadigal. Its because Chandababu became abusive towards Ramachandran's elder sibling M. G. Chakrapani.
His last work was to direct and act in Thattungal Thirakkappadum, which was highly acclaimed for its cinematography but was not a box office success. Due to the loss in the film Maadi Veettu Ezhai, he spent his last days with penniless. Later died on March 7, 1974.
Popular Tamil songs
The following are some of Chandrababu's songs that have remained popular:
|1951||Mohanasundaram||Hello My Dear Darling Hello My Rose Charming||T. G. Lingappa|
|1952||Andhaman Kaidhi||I love you..I love you.. Aasaiyanene Un Mele||G. Govindarajulu Naidu||A. G. Rathnamala|
|1952||Chinnadhurai||Poda Raja Podi Nadaya||T. G. Lingappa|
|1953||Kangal||Aalu Ganam Aanal Moolai Gaali||S. V. Venkatraman|
|1954||Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari||Jolly Life, Jolly Life||T. G. Lingappa||playback for Sivaji Ganesan|
|1954||Penn||Kalyanam Kalyanam... Ullasamagave Ulagathil||R. Sudharsanam||playback for S. Balachander|
|1955||Gulebagavali||Paraanda Mannar Ellam.... Achi Nimirndha Vandi||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||A. G. Rathnamala|
|1955||Maman Magal||Gova Mambazhame Malgova Mambazhame||S. V. Venkatraman|
|1957||Mahadhevi||Un Thirumugathey Oru Mugama||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||A. G. Rathnamala|
|1957||Mahadhevi||Thanthana Taalam Poduvom||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||A. G. Rathnamala|
|1957||Pudhaiyal||Unakkaga Ellam Unakkaga||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy|
|1957||Pudhaiyal||Hello My Dear Ramy||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||A. L. Raghavan|
|1957||Pudhumai Pithan||Araichi Mani.... Thillaana Paatu Paadi Kullathaara||G. Ramanathan||Jikki|
|1957||Pathini Dheivam||Aathukku Paalam Avasiyam||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||T. M. Soundararajan|
|1957||Manamagan Thevai||Bambara Kannale||G. Ramanathan|
|1957||Samaya Sanjeevi||Paper Paper||G. Ramanathan|
|1958||Padhi Bhakti||Rock Rock Rock||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||V. N. Sundaram|
|1958||Padhi Bhakti||Intha Thinnai Paechu Veeranidam||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||T. M. Soundararajan|
|1958||Padhi Bhakti||Kosari Kosari||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy|
|1958||Kathavarayan||Jigu Jigu Jigu||G. Ramanathan||Jikki|
|1958||Kathavarayan||Thanthaane Thane Thanthaane||G. Ramanathan|
|1958||Nadodi Mannan||Thadukkadhe Ennai Thadukkadhe||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1959||Sahodari||Naan Oru Muttalunga||R. Sudharsanam|
|1959||Pandi Thevan||Nee Adinal||T. G. Lingappa||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1959||Pandi Thevan||Solluratha Solliputaen||T. G. Lingappa|
|1959||Naan Sollum Ragasiyam||Vilaiyadu Raja Vilaiyadu||G. Ramanathan||A. P. Komala|
|1959||Maragadham||Kunguma Poove Konjum Puraave||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1960||Kavalai Illaadha Manithan||Pirakkum Podhum Azhukindrai||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy|
|1960||Kavalai Illaadha Manithan||Kavalai Illaadha Manithan||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy|
|1960||Petra Manam||Paadi Paadi Paadi||S. Rajeswara Rao||Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi|
|1961||Sri Valli||Ayyo Machan Mannaru||G. Ramanathan|
|1961||Kumara Raja||Aan Ondru Aada Penn Ondru Paada||T. R. Papa||P. Leela|
|1961||Kumara Raja||Onnume Puriyalae Ulagathile||T. R. Papa|
|1961||Kumara Raja||Moodinaalum Thiranthaalum||T. R. Papa||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1961||Kumara Raja||Ennai Paartha Kannu||T. R. Papa||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1962||Paadha Kaanikkai||Kadhal Embathu Edhu Varai||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||P. B. Sreenivas, P. Suseela & L. R. Eswari|
|1962||Paadha Kaanikkai||Thaniya Thavikkira Vayasu||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy|
|1962||Annai||Buthiyulla Manidharellam||R. Sudharsanam|
|1962||Policekaaran Magal||Porandhalum Aambalaiya Porakka Koodadhu||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||L. R. Eswari|
|1962||Bandhapaasam||Eppo Vachikkalaam Eppadi Vachikkalaam||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy|
|1962||Senthamarai||Thangadhamma Thangadhu Samsaram Thangadhu||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1963||Kadavulai Kanden||Konjam Thallikanum||K. V. Mahadevan||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1963||Kadavulai Kanden||Ungal Kaigal Uyarattum||K. V. Mahadevan||P. B. Sreenivas|
|1963||Yaarukku Sondham||Ennai Theriyalaiyaa|
|1963||Yaarukku Chondham||Oho Meri Bul Bul||K. V. Mahadevan||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1964||Aandavan Kattalai||Sirippu Varudhu Sirippu Varudhu||Viswanathan Ramamoorthy|
|1966||Thattungal Thirakkappadum||Kanmani Pappa|
|1967||Valiba Virundhu||Ondra Kannu Doriya||R. Sudharsanam||K. Jamuna Rani|
|1968||Nimirnthu Nil||Pudichalum Pudhicha Puliyankomba Pudicha||L. R. Eswari|
|1972||Neethi||Engaladhu Boomi||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Suseela & Manorama|
- Guy, Randor (25 September 2009). "Actor with mercurial feet". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
- Aranthai Narayanan: Thamil Cinemavin Kathai, New Century Book House, Chennai, 2002 2nd edition, pp 279–280.
- Aroordhas: Naan Muham Paartha Cinema Kannadigal, Kalaignan Pathipakam, Chennai, 2002, pp 184–201.
- Vamanan: Thirai Isai Alaigal, part 1, Manivasagar Pathipakam, Chennai, 2004 2nd edition, pp 595–605.
- "The agony and ecstasy of being - Chandrababu". Southside. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-05-19.
- Guy, Randor (2 October 2009). "A voice that mesmerised". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-03-26.