USS Carson City (PF-50)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Carson City and Sakura (ship).
Career (United States)
Name: USS Carson City (PG-158)
Namesake: Carson City, Nevada
Reclassified: PF-50, 15 April 1943
Builder: Consolidated Steel Corporation, Wilmington, California
Yard number: 535
Laid down: 28 September 1943
Launched: 13 November 1943
Sponsored by: Mrs. C. B. Austin
Commissioned: 24 March 1944
Decommissioned: 26 August 1945[1]
Honors and
awards:
2 battle stars, World War II
Fate: Transferred to Soviet Navy, 26 August 1945[1]
Acquired: Returned by Soviet Navy, 31 October 1949
Fate: Transferred to Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, 30 April 1953
Acquired: Returned by Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, 6 August 1971
Fate: Unknown
Career (Soviet Union)
Name: EK-20[2]
Acquired: 26 August 1945[1]
Commissioned: 26 August 1945[1]
Decommissioned: 31 October 1949
Fate: Returned to United States, 31 October 1949
Career (Japan)
Name: JDS Sakura (PF-290)
Acquired: 30 April 1953
Renamed: YAC-16, 31 March 1966
Reclassified: Auxiliary stock craft, 31 March 1966
Decommissioned: 31 March 1971
Fate: Returned to United States, 6 August 1971
General characteristics
Class & type: Tacoma-class frigate
Displacement: 1,264 long tons (1,284 t)
1,430 long tons (1,453 t) light
2,415 long tons (2,454 t) full
Length: 303 ft 11 in (92.63 m)
Beam: 37 ft 6 in (11.43 m)
Draft: 13 ft 8 in (4.17 m)
Propulsion: 2 × 5,500 shp (4,101 kW) turbines
3 boilers
2 shafts
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 190
Armament: • 3 × 3"/50 caliber guns (3×1)
• 4 × 40 mm guns (2×2)
• 9 × 20 mm guns (9×1)
• 1 × Hedgehog anti-submarine mortar
• 8 × Y-gun depth charge projectors
• 2 × depth charge tracks

USS Carson City (PF-50), a Tacoma-class frigate in commission from 1944 to 1945, thus far has been the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Carson City, Nevada. She later served in the Soviet Navy as EK-20 and in the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force as JDS Sakura (PF-10), JDS Sakura (PF-290) and as YAC-16.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

Originally classified as a patrol gunboat, PG-158, Carson City was reclassified as a patrol frigate, PF-50, on 15 April 1943. Constructed under a Maritime Commission contract, she was launched on 13 November 1943 by Consolidated Steel Corporation at Wilmington, California, sponsored by Mrs. C. B. Austin, and commissioned on 24 March 1944 with Commander H. B. Roberts, USCG, in command.

Service history[edit]

U.S. Navy, World War II, 1944-1945[edit]

Manned by a United States Coast Guard crew, Carson City departed Los Angeles, California, on 19 July 1944 for Espiritu Santo and Milne Bay, New Guinea, where on 13 August 1944 she reported for patrol and escort duty in the New Guinea area with the United States Seventh Fleet. She took part in the unopposed landings on Morotai on 16 September 1944, then took part in guarding ships, men, and supplies being assembled for the landings on Leyte in the Philippine Islands. She herself sailed for Leyte Gulf from Humboldt Bay, New Guinea, on 16 October 1944, supporting the first wave of reinforcements for the Northern Attack Force at Leyte. On 22 October 1944 she accompanied her charges into the landing area, and next day began a voyage escorting the empty ships back to Humboldt Bay.

After reaching Humboldt Bay, Carson City resumed convoy escort duty in the New Guinea area, shuttling to Wakde, Biak, Noemfoor, Sansapor, Morotai, and Mios Woendi until 26 November 1944, when she departed New Guinea for Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, where she underwent an overhaul. Upon its completion, she steamed north for duty with the Alaskan Sea Frontier at Dutch Harbor, Territory of Alaska, where she reported on 12 January 1945 and began patrol and escort duties in Alaskan waters. Selected for transfer to the Soviet Navy in Project Hula – a secret program for the transfer of U.S. Navy ships to the Soviet Navy at Cold Bay, Alaska, in anticipation of the Soviet Union joining the war against JapanCarson City proceeded to Cold Bay in August 1945 and began training her new Soviet crew.[3]

Soviet Navy, 1945–1949[edit]

Following the completion of training for her Soviet crew, Carson City was decommissioned on 26 August 1945[1] at Cold Bay and transferred to the Soviet Union under Lend-Lease immediately[1] along with her sister ships USS Bisbee (PF-46), USS Gallup (PF-47), USS Rockford (PF-48), USS Muskogee (PF-49), and USS Burlington (PF-51). Commissioned into the Soviet Navy immediately,[1] Carson City was designated as a storozhevoi korabl ("escort ship") and renamed EK-20[2] in Soviet service. She soon departed Cold Bay bound for Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in the Soviet Union, where she served as a patrol vessel in the Soviet Far East.[3]

In February 1946, the United States began negotiations for the return of ships loaned to the Soviet Union for use during World War II. On 8 May 1947, United States Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal informed the United States Department of State that the United States Department of the Navy wanted 480 of the 585 combatant ships it had transferred to the Soviet Union for World War II use returned, EK-20 among them. Negotiations for the return of the ships were protracted, but on 1 November 1949 the Soviet Union finally returned EK-20 to the U.S. Navy at Yokosuka, Japan.[4]

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, 1953–1971[edit]

Reverting to her original name, Carson City lay idle in the Pacific Reserve Fleet until the United States transferred her to the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force on 30 April 1953 as JDS Sakura (PF-10) (さくら (PF-10)?, "cherry blossom")[5]. Sakura was redesignated PF-290 on 1 September 1957[5]. She was reclassified as an "auxiliary stock craft" (YAC) and renamed YAC-16 on 31 March 1966[5]. She was decommissioned on 31 March 1971 and returned to U.S. custody for disposal on 6 August 1971. Her final disposition is unknown.[6]

Awards[edit]

The U.S. Navy awarded Carson City two battle stars for her World War II service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships Carson City article states that Carsion City was transferred on 29 August 1945 and hazegray.org Carson City repeats this, while NavSource Online: Frigate Photo Archive Carson City (PF 50) ex-PG-158 states that the U.S. Navy decommissioned the ship on 29 August 1945 and transferred her on 30 August 1945. However, Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, p. 39, which includes access to Soviet-era records unavailable during the Cold War, reports that the transfer date was 26 August 1945. As sources, Russell cites Department of the Navy, Ships Data: U.S. Naval Vessels Volume II, 1 January 1949, (NAVSHIPS 250-012), Washington, DC: Bureau of Ships, 1949; and Berezhnoi, S. S., Flot SSSR: Korabli i suda lendliza: Spravochnik ("The Soviet Navy: Lend-Lease Ships and Vessels: A Reference"), St. Petersburg, Russia: Belen, 1994. According to Russell, Project Hula ships were decommissioned by the U.S. Navy simultaneously with their transfer to the Soviet Navy – see photo captions on p. 24 regarding the transfers of various large infantry landing craft (LCI(L)s) and information on p. 27 about the transfer of USS Coronado (PF-38), which Russell says typified the transfer process – indicating that Carson City '​s U.S. Navy decommissioning, transfer, and Soviet Navy commissioning all occurred simultaneously on 26 August 1945.
  2. ^ a b NavSource Online: Frigate Photo Archive Carson City (PF 50) ex-PG-158 states that Carson City was named EK-22 in Soviet service, but Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, p. 39, which includes access to Soviet-era records unavailable during the Cold War, reports that the ship's Soviet name was EK-20. As sources, Russell cites Department of the Navy, Ships Data: U.S. Naval Vessels Volume II, 1 January 1949, (NAVSHIPS 250-012), Washington, DC: Bureau of Ships, 1949; and Berezhnoi, S. S., Flot SSSR: Korabli i suda lendliza: Spravochnik ("The Soviet Navy: Lend-Lease Ships and Vessels: A Reference"), St. Petersburg, Russia: Belen, 1994.
  3. ^ a b Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, p. 39.
  4. ^ Russell, Richard A., Project Hula: Secret Soviet-American Cooperation in the War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997, ISBN 0-945274-35-1, pp. 37-38, 39.
  5. ^ a b c The Naval Database.
  6. ^ NavSource Online: Frigate Photo Archive Carson City (PF 50) ex-PG-158

External links[edit]