Young European Federalists
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (December 2011)|
|Motto||Simply a generation ahead.|
|Type||Political Youth NGO|
Young European Federalists (JEF, French Jeunes Européens fédéralistes) is a political youth organisation. Active in most European countries and with around 25,000 members, it seeks to promote European integration through the strengthening and democratisation of the European Union (EU). JEF has close ties to the European Movement and the Union of European Federalists and is a full member of the European Youth Forum (YFJ). Former activists of JEF are organised in the Friends of JEF.
First founded in the late 1940s, the now existing European level structure of the JEF was founded in the 1970s.
lt was around the 1950s that the first groups of young federalists appeared as a youths section of the Union of European Federalists. The Young European Federalists organized themselves into JEF sections, establishing a new European structure with a European office in Paris in 1949. Despite the split within the federalist movement in the 1950s, the various JEF groups carried on with their work on local, regional and national levels even if there was no more any international JEF organization. In 1967,young people held mock negotiations in Brussels to work out a treaty of accession for the UK to the Community. In March 1969 they organized a demonstration on the spectators benches of the European Parliament, demanding its direct elections by universal suffrage. In many European countries protest demonstrations were organized against the dictatorship in Greece. These activities helped the first groups of young federalists to set up very close collaboration and to tighten their links again. This collaboration took concrete form in the creation of JEF’s liaison office in 1970. It was there that the international association took the name of ‘Young European Federalists' and the founding Congress was held in Luxembourg on 25 and 26 March 1972.Even though JEF was still interested in the European Community, new topics became increasingly important for JEF in the 70’s: direct election of the European Parliament,East-West reunification and enlargement, disarmament, women, the environment and international development issues. In 1985, when Jacques Delors became President of the European Commission and launched the idea of the Single Market, institutional questions became important in the discussion in JEF since it seemed that a real European Democracy can be established in a short time and JEF said of itself: Young Europeans, simply a generation ahead, which is still the JEF motto nowadays. In the 90s three basic developments influenced the work and the discussions of JEF: 1) the return of nationalist wars in Europe; 2) the crisis of legitimacy of the European integration process, highlighted by the Danish referendum in 1992, the lost Norwegian referendum in 1994 and the negative attitude of a majority of EU citizens towards the Euro; 3) the open questions on the enlargement of the European Union. Since the 2000s, JEF-Europe has worked a lot on institutional issues calling for a European federal constitution and a more democratic Europe. Another major area of interest for JEF is the defense of human rights and the respect of the state of law especially with a yearly Belarus action since 2006.
According to its statutes, JEF is a non-partisan and non-denominational European NGO. It advocates for a united Europe with a federal structure. At the centre of JEF's political program is the demand for a federal constitution for Europe, whose core element is a two-chamber Parliament (consisting of a directly elected chamber and a chamber of states). Hereby, JEF insists on the subsidiarity principle as a form of decentralized distribution of powers. Another key element is the demand for a unified foreign and security policy of the European Union. JEF is committed to comprehensive reform of the EU towards more democracy, participation, transparency, efficiency and sustainability. In addition to the policy objectives, the organisation tries in particular to promote European awareness among young people and encourage civic activism.
JEF spreads its ideas by the following means:
- Campaigns to lobby over a longer period of time for a specific federalist cause.
- Street actions mobilising the entire network to raise awareness of burning European issues among the general public. (Most notably the annual Free Belarus street action, taking place in numerous cities Europe- and worldwide since 2006) 
- International events such as seminars and trainings on a wide range of topics in different EU and non-EU countries.
- A multilingual, interactive webzine "The New Federalist" where youth can voice their opinion in articles on current European affairs.
- Projects that implement a specific goal and for which specific funding was received.
- Press releases for the advocacy of JEF's objectives towards both public and private organisations.
Consequently, the organisation encourages debate on European affairs and EU policies while fostering youth mobility and exchanges throughout the continent, thus seeking to involve European Citizens, in particular young people, from all across the continent in the process of European integration.
JEF-Europe is an International association without lucrative purpose (IVZW/AISBL) under Belgian law. The European Secretariat is based in Brussels.
The European Congress
The highest decision-making body of JEF is the European Congress, which meets every two years in a different city. The delegates are elected by the members of national sections or their representatives in proportion to the number of subscribers of each section.
The Congress elects the President and two Vice Presidents, 4 members of the Executive Board as well as 16 directly elected members of the Federal Committee.
The Federal Committee
The Federal Committee (FC) meets twice a year and is composed by the President, the two Vice Presidents, 4 Executive Board members and 16 members directly elected by the Congress, and a number of national representatives corresponding appointed by each of the national member sections. The Secretary General participate in the meeting without a voting right.
The Federal Committee is chaired by a presidium of three members and adopts the political and strategical guidelines and oversees the activity of the Executive Bureau.
The Executive Board
The Executive Board (EB) is chaired by the President and includes the two Vice Presidents, the Secretary General, the Treasurer, and four Board members. It is responsible for the implementation of the external and internal policy resolutions adopted by the Congress and the Federal Committee and the management of the organisation.
It meets at least four times every year.
Since 2011: Pauline Gessant, 2009-2011 Philippe Adriaenssens, 2007-2009: Samuele Pii, 2005-2007: Jan Seifert, 2003-2005: Jon Worth, 2001-2003: Alison Weston, 1999-2001: Paolo Vacca, 1997-1999: Philip Savelkoul, 1995-1997: Ugo Ferruta, 1993-1995: Tor Eigil Hodne, 1991-1993: Stephen Woodard, 1989-1991: Giannis Papageorgiou, 1987-1989: Lars Erik Nordgaard,1985-87: Manfred Auster, 1983-85: Franco Spoltore, 1981-83: David Grace, 1979-1981: Richard Corbett, 1977-1978: Jean Jacques Anglade, 1976-1977: Flor van de Velde, 1974-1976: Julian Priestley, 1972-74 Peter Osten.
Since 2014: Ioan Bucuras, 2013-2014: Federico Guerrieri, 2012: Stefan Manevski, 2010-2012: Ruben Loodts, 2008-2010: Peter Matjašič, 2006-2008: Vassilis Stamogiannis, 2004-2006: Joan Marc Simon, 2002-2004: Marianne Bonnard, 2000-2002: Niki Klesl, 1998-2000: Laura Davis, 1996-1998: Tobias Flessenkemper, 1994-1996: Ingo Linsenmann, 1992-1994: Bernd Hüttemann, 1992: Soraya Usmani Martinez, 1989-1991: Irmeli Karhio, 1987-1989: Monica Frassoni, 1985-1987 Giannis Papageorgiou, 1984-1985: Susana Roson, 1982-1984:Tore Nedrebo, 1981-1982: Eva Finzi, 1980-1981: David Grace, 1977-1980: Jacques Vantomme, 1975-1977: Gerda Grootjes
Several current and former influential members of the European Parliament (MEPs), including Richard Corbett and Jo Leinen (PES), Tom Spencer (Conservative) and Monica Frassoni (Greens), and its former Secretary General Sir Julian Priestley served as JEF officers in their teens and twenties. The former Swedish Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Carl Bildt was a Vice President.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Young European Federalists.|
- Young European Federalists
- Friends of JEF JEF's alumnus
- The archives of the 'European Federalists' are deposited at the Historical Archives of the EU in Florence