JLA (comic book)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
JLA
Cover for JLA #1.
Art by Howard Porter and John Dell.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Ongoing series
Genre
Publication date January 1997 – April 2006
Number of issues 126 (#1–125 plus issue numbered 1,000,000)
Main character(s) Justice League
Creative team
Writer(s) Grant Morrison, Mark Waid, Joe Kelly, Denny O'Neil, Chuck Austen, Kurt Busiek, Geoff Johns, Allan Heinberg, Bob Harras
Penciller(s) Howard Porter
Bryan Hitch
Doug Mahnke
Inker(s) John Dell
Paul Neary
Creator(s) Grant Morrison
Howard Porter
Collected editions
New World Order ISBN 1-56389-369-X

JLA was a monthly comic book published by DC Comics from January 1997 to April 2006 featuring the Justice League.[1]

Publication history[edit]

The low sales of the various Justice League spinoff books[2] by the mid-1990s prompted DC to revamp the League as a single team (all the various branch teams were disbanded) on a single title. A Justice League of America formed in the September 1996 limited series Justice League: A Midsummer's Nightmare by Mark Waid and Fabian Nicieza. In 1997, DC Comics launched a new Justice League series titled JLA, written by Grant Morrison with art by Howard Porter and inker John Dell. Morrison stayed as writer for the series through issue #41, though several issues had fill-in writers. JLA #18-#21 and #33 were written by Mark Waid. Mark Millar, Devin Grayson and Mark Waid, and J.M. DeMatteis wrote issues #27, #32 and #35 respectively.

This series, in an attempt at a "back-to-basics" approach, used as its core the team's original and most famous seven members (or their successors): Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Flash (Wally West), Green Lantern (Kyle Rayner), and the Martian Manhunter.[3] Additionally, the team received a new headquarters, the "Watchtower", based on the Moon. JLA quickly became DC's best-selling title,[4] a position it enjoyed off and on for several years.[5]

Morrison introduced the idea of the JLA allegorically representing a pantheon of gods, with their different powers and personalities, incorporating such characters as Zauriel, Big Barda, Orion, Huntress, Barbara Gordon (Oracle), Steel (John Henry Irons), and Plastic Man. He also had Aztek, Tomorrow Woman, and Green Arrow (Connor Hawke) as temporaries.[6]

Under Morrison, the series pitted the League against a variety of enemies including White Martians, renegade angels, a new incarnation of the Injustice Gang led by Lex Luthor, and the Key. Other foes were the new villain Prometheus, the existing JLA villain Starro the Conqueror, "The Ultra-Marines", and a futuristic Darkseid. Morrison's run culminated in an arc titled "World War III" which involves the New Gods preparing the Earth for battle against a creature known as "Mageddon", a super-sentient weapon of mass destruction.

Since this new League included most of DC's most powerful heroes, the focus of the stories changed. The League now dealt only with Earth-shattering, highest-priority threats which could challenge their tremendous combined power. Enemies faced by this new JLA included an invading army of aliens, a malfunctioning war machine from the future, a horde of renegade angels, a newly reformed coalition of villains as a counter-league, mercenaries armed with individualized take-down strategies for each superhero, various cosmic threats, and the enraged spirit of the Earth itself. In addition, because almost all of the members had their own comics, the stories were almost always self-contained, with all chapters occurring within JLA itself and very rarely affecting events outside of that series. Developments from a hero's own title (such as the new costume and electric based powers temporarily adopted by Superman in 1997–1998) were reflected in the League's comic book, however.

Morrison departed with issue #41, after which the book saw runs by Mark Waid and Joe Kelly. Subsequent to this, the series switched to a series of rotating writers with issue #91 while Kelly (via JLA #100) was given the mini-seriesJustice League Elite, which featured Green Arrow, Flash, and several other characters. The new format saw stories by John Byrne, Chuck Austen, and Kurt Busiek. Geoff Johns and Allan Heinberg would take over the book with #115, which saw a multi-part storyline dealing with the aftermath ofIdentity Crisis, and served as a lead-in to the events of "Infinite Crisis", as Superboy-Prime destroyed the Watchtower at the end of issue #119. Bob Harras wrote the book's final storyline (JLA #120–125) as Green Arrow struggled in vain to keep the League afloat.

Storylines[edit]

Despite this, DC did not create continuing spinoff series as it had done before. Instead, a large number of miniseries and one-shots featuring the team were released. One spin-off team, the Justice League Elite was created following the events of JLA #100, but their series was limited to 12 issues, and the team appeared only once after the title ended its allotted run. JLA's popularity was also able to launch the critically acclaimed JSA series, which was relaunched as Justice Society of America to coincide with the new Justice League of America book.

In 2005, a story arc by Geoff Johns and Alan Heinberg called "Crisis of Conscience" (JLA #115–119) depicts the dissolution of the Justice League of America as the breakdown of trust shown in the 2004 limited series Identity Crisis reaches its zenith. At the end of the arc, Superboy-Prime destroys the Justice League Watchtower. JLA, one of several titles to be cancelled at the conclusion of the Infinite Crisis storyline, ended with issue #125.

As depicted in the Villains United: Infinite Crisis Special and the final issue of Infinite Crisis itself, preparations for the defense of Metropolis against an army of organized super-villains required a brief and temporary expansion of the Justice League to its largest roster to date. The main defensive teams of the JLA, JSA, Teen Titans and Outsiders already being occupied elsewhere by the Crisis, it fell on Oracle and the Martian Manhunter to contact and deputize seemingly every active or once active hero in the DC Universe as effective Justice League members to form a last line of defense for the city.

Reception[edit]

The new approach worked, and JLA quickly became DC's best-selling title, a position it enjoyed off and on for several years, as reflected in the following advance sales figures for months in which JLA was DC's best-selling title:

Collected editions[edit]

JLA was collected in a series of trade paperbacks:

There is also a Deluxe Edition:

  • JLA Deluxe Edition:
    • Softcovers:
      • Volume 1 (collects JLA #1–9 and JLA Secret Files #1, 256 pages, softcover, October 2011, DC Comics, ISBN 1-4012-3314-7)
      • Volume 2 (collects JLA #10–17, New Year's Evil: Prometheus, JLA Secret Files #2, and JLA/Wildcats, 336 pages, softcover, DC Comics.com ISBN 1-4012-3518-2)
      • Volume 3 (collects JLA #18-31, 344 pages, softcover. January 2013. DC Comics ISBN 1-4012-3832-7)
      • Volume 4 (collects JLA #32–46, 384 pages, Softcover. Feb 11 2014. DC Comics ISBN 1-4012-4385-1)
      • Volume 5 (collects JLA #47–60, and JLA: Heaven's Ladder, 448 pages, Softcover. June 17 ,2014. DC Comics ISBN 1-4012-4750-4)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Beatty, Scott, and Roger Stewart. JLA : The Ultimate Guide to the Justice League of America. Grand Rapids: Dorling Kindersley, Incorporated, 2002.
  2. ^ Miller, John J. "JANUARY 1997 Comic Book Preorders from Heroes World and Diamond Comic Distributors". Comics Buyer's Guide. 2007.
  3. ^ Kirk, Jason. "(1997)" Yahoo! GeoCities, December 2000[dead link][dead link]
  4. ^ Miller, John Jackson (2007). "North American Comics Market Estimates for January 1997". Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 278: "Renewed as one of DC's most popular titles, JLA ran for 125 issues before its next relaunch. Earning countless spin-off miniseries and specials, the Justice League reclaimed its place atop DC's hit titles list."
  6. ^ The Continuity Pages: Justice League of America
  7. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Jan. 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  8. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Feb. 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  9. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, May 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  10. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, June 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  11. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, July 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  12. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Aug. 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  13. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Sept. 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  14. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Oct. 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  15. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Nov. 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  16. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Dec. 1997". CBGXtra.com. 
  17. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Jan. 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  18. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Feb. 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  19. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, March 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  20. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, May 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  21. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, June 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  22. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, July 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  23. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Aug. 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  24. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Sept. 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  25. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Oct. 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  26. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Nov. 1998". CBGXtra.com. 
  27. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Jan. 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  28. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, March 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  29. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, May 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  30. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, June 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  31. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, July 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  32. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Aug. 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  33. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Sept. 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  34. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Nov. 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  35. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Dec. 1999". CBGXtra.com. 
  36. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Jan. 2000". CBGXtra.com. 
  37. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, Feb. 2000". CBGXtra.com. 
  38. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, March 2000". CBGXtra.com. 
  39. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, April 2000". CBGXtra.com. 
  40. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, May 2000". CBGXtra.com. 
  41. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, June 2000". CBGXtra.com. 
  42. ^ "Comics Sales Charts, July 2000". CBGXtra.com. 
  43. ^ JLA Deluxe Edition: Volume 1, DC Comics.com
  44. ^ JLA Deluxe Edition: Volume 2, DC Comics.com

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • JLA at Grant Morrison.com