JNR Class C62
C62 3 hauling the Niseko tourist train in 1994
|Type and origin|
|Builder||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries Rolling Stock Company, Kisha Seizō|
|Gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Driver diameter||1,750 mm (5 ft 9 in)|
|Length||21,475 mm (70 ft 5.5 in)|
|Locomotive weight||88.83 t|
|Locomotive and tender
|Tractive effort||13,870 kg|
The Class C62 is a type of 4-6-4 steam locomotive built by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in Japan. The C classification indicates three sets of driving wheels. The C62 was built with a 4-6-4 frame, upon which was mounted the boiler of the JNR Class D52 2-8-2 locomotives.
These were the largest and fastest steam passenger locomotives to run in Japan, and hauled the Tsubame (swallow) express on the Tōkaidō Main Line between Tokyo and Osaka. Only South Africa operated more powerful Cape gauge locomotives. Forty-nine C62s were built from 1948 to 1949. Five C62s hauled the Teine express in Hokkaido between Otaru and Hakodate after they were displaced by electrification of the Tōkaidō Main Line. Two locomotives were used to double-head trains on the 2.5% grades between Otaru and Oshamambe where they were a popular tourist and railfan attraction until 1971. The last examples in regular service were withdrawn in 1973.
A class C62 locomotive, C62 17, broke the speed record for a narrow-gauge steam locomotive on 15 December 1954 when it reached 129 km/h (80 mph) on the Tōkaidō Main Line. This locomotive was preserved in a park in Nagoya, and later moved to the SCMaglev and Railway Park in Nagoya.
In popular culture
The C62 has achieved a level of fame due in part to the manga/anime series Galaxy Express 999, in which the express is pulled by an advanced space locomotive that is built to replicate a C62.
As of 2012, five Class C62 locomotives were preserved at various locations around the country.
- C62 1: Preserved at the Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum in Kyoto
- C62 2: Preserved in working order by JR West at the Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum in Kyoto This locomotive wears a stainless steel swallow on its smoke deflector as a reminder of the era when it hauled the famous Tsubame express.
- C62 3: Preserved at JR Hokkaido's Naebo Works in Sapporo, Hokkaido
- C62 17: On display at the SCMaglev and Railway Park in Nagoya
- C62 26: On display at the Modern Transportation Museum in Osaka
- Steam Loco in Japan (Jouki Kikansha style book). Kigei Publishing Company. 1963.
- Naotaka Hirota Steam Locomotives of Japan (1972) Kodansha International Ltd. p.8 ISBN 0-87011-185-X
- Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia]. Japan: Sankaido. pp. 48–49. ISBN 4-381-10338-6.
- "静態保存蒸機C62 17の現況" [Current status of statically preserved C62 16]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 37 (295): p.61. November 2008.
- "「リニア・鉄道館」ファーストガイド" ["SCMaglev and Railway Park" First Guide]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 40 (324): p.20–33. April 2011.
- Sasada, Masahiro (September 2012). 国鉄&JR保存車大全 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 133. ISBN 978-4863206175.
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