JR Freight Class EF200
EF200-14 in revised livery, May 2009
|Type and origin|
|Gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Bogies||FD3 (outer), FD4A (centre)|
|Wheel diameter||1,120 mm (3 ft 8 in)|
|Length||19,400 mm (63 ft 8 in)|
|Width||2,970 mm (9 ft 9 in)|
|Locomotive weight||100.8 t|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC|
|FPS2A pantograph x2|
|Maximum speed||110 km/h (70 mph)|
|Power output||6,000 kW (8,000 hp)|
|Tractive effort||26,600 kgf (261,000 N; 59,000 lbf)|
|Safety systems||ATS-PF, ATS-SF|
|Number in class||20|
The Class EF200 was developed to replace Class EF66 electric locomotives on heavy freight services on the Tokaido Main Line and Sanyo Main Line west of Tokyo. It is equipped with six 1,000 kW (1,300 hp) FMT2 traction motors, giving a total power output of 6,000 kW (8,000 hp). Ultimately, the class was deemed to be over-specified and unnecessarily expensive, and the order was terminated after the delivery of 20 full-production locomotives. The subsequent Class EF210 was instead chosen as the standard design for hauling freight services on the Tokaido Main Line and Sanyo Main Line. Originally designed to haul 1,600 t freight trains, problems of insufficient power supply capacity to the overhead lines, meant that the class was initially limited to hauling 1,200 t trains.
As of 2012, the fleet consists of 20 locomotives (EF200-901 and EF200-2 – 20), based at Suita Depot in Osaka. They are used primarily on 1,300 t freight trains west of Tokyo on the Tokaido and Sanyo Main Lines.
- EF200-900: Prototype locomotive EF200-901, built 1990
- EF200-0: Full-production locomotives EF200-1 – 20, built 1992–1993
The prototype locomotive, EF200-901, was delivered in March 1990 for extensive testing. The first full-production locomotives were delivered to Shin-Tsurumi Depot in Tokyo in 1992, entering revenue service on the Tokaido Main Line and Sanyo Main Line from the summer of that year. In 1992, the Class EF200 was awarded the Laurel Prize, presented annually by the Japan Railfan Club.
From 1 April 1999, the entire class was transferred from Shin-Tsurumi in Tokyo to Suita Depot in Osaka. Between 2006 and 2009, the entire fleet was repainted into a new livery similar to that used for the later Class EF210 locomotives. EF200-901 was repainted in 2007.
- JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. p. 39-40. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
- JR機関車カタログ [JR Locomotive Catalogue]. Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 June 2013. p. 40-45. ISBN 9784863207271.
- ELダイヤ情報21 [Electric Loco Timetable Information 21]. Tokyo, Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. October 2012. p. 32-33. ISBN 978-4330320120.
- "ブルーリボン賞・ローレル賞 選定車両一覧" [Blue Ribbon Award & Laurel Prize Winner List] (in Japanese). Japan: Japan Railfan Club. 25 May 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "ＪＲ世代の機関車オールガイド" [Comprehensive Guide to JR Era Locomotives]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kotsu Shimbun) 39 (315): 12–26. July 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to JR Freight EF200.|
- JR Freight website (Japanese)