JR Kyoto Line

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  A   JR Kyoto Line
local service
321 series EMU on a local service
Overview
Type Heavy rail
System Urban Network
Locale Kyoto Prefecture and Osaka Prefecture
Termini Kyoto (Tōkaidō Line)
Osaka (Tōkaidō Line)
Operation
Opening July 26, 1876 (as part of Tōkaidō Main Line)
March 13, 1988 (renamed as JR Kyoto Line)
Owner JR West
Operator(s) JR West
JR Freight
Technical
Line length 42.8 km (26.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
Operating speed outer tracks: 130 km/h (81 mph)
inner tracks: 120 km/h (75 mph)

The JR Kyoto Line (JR京都線 JR Kyōto-sen?) is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The name applies to the section of the Tōkaidō Main Line between Kyoto Station and Osaka Station.

The Kyoto Line operates in combination with the Biwako Line and the JR Kobe Line, and offers through service trains to the Kosei Line and the JR Takarazuka Line.

Basic data[edit]

Services[edit]

Commuter trains are classified in three types:

  • Special Rapid Service (新快速 Shin-Kaisoku?)
    • Continuing service from the Biwako Line and the Kosei Line. Trains stop at Kyōto, Takatsuki, Shin-Ōsaka, and Ōsaka. Trains continue from Ōsaka on the JR Kōbe Line to Himeji and beyond. 223 series EMUs are used. Daytime trains depart every 15 minutes and take 28 minutes from Kyōto to Ōsaka and vice versa.
  • Rapid Service (快速 Kaisoku?)
    • Continuing service from the Biwako Line and the Kosei Line. Trains stop at Kyōto, Nagaokakyō, Takatsuki, Ibaraki, Shin-Ōsaka, and Ōsaka. After the morning, trains also stop at all other stations between Kyōto and Takatsuki and occasionally called local trains on this section. Trains continue from Osaka on the JR Kōbe Line to Himeji and beyond. 223 series EMUs and 221 series EMUs are used.
  • Local (普通 Futsū?)
    • Service from Kyōto to Nishi-Akashi on the JR Kōbe Line, and from Takatsuki to Shin-Sanda on the JR Takarazuka Line. Trains stop at all stations. 321 series EMUs and 207 series EMUs are used.

In addition to the three types of commuter trains, long-distance limited express trains connecting the Kyoto-Osaka region with Kansai International Airport (Haruka services), Hokuriku region (Thunderbird and Raichō services) and other areas also frequently operate on the line. Freight trains also operate on the line except for the section near Osaka Station where freight trains use separate freight lines.

Stations[edit]

Local trains stop at all stations. Rapid Service trains stop at stations marked "R" (all day) and "r" (except in the morning). Special Rapid Service trains stop at stations marked "S".

Station Japanese Distance (km) Stops Transfers Location
Through services from Biwako Line and Kosei Line
Kyoto 京都 0.0 R S Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Biwako Line, San'in Main Line, Nara Line, Kosei Line
Kintetsu Kyoto Line, Subway Karasuma Line
Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto Kyoto
Nishiōji 西大路 2.5 r | Minami-ku, Kyoto
Katsuragawa 桂川 5.3 r |
Mukōmachi 向日町 6.4 r | Mukō
Nagaokakyō 長岡京 10.1 R | Nagaokakyō
Yamazaki 山崎 14.1 r | Ōyamazaki
Shimamoto 島本 16.3 r | Shimamoto Osaka
Takatsuki 高槻 21.6 R S Takatsuki
Settsu-Tonda 摂津富田 24.5 | |
Ibaraki 茨木 28.2 R | Ibaraki
Senrioka 千里丘 31.1 | | Settsu
Kishibe 岸辺 32.8 | | Suita
Suita 吹田 35.2 | |
Higashi-Yodogawa 東淀川 38.3 | | Yodogawa-ku, Osaka
Shin-Ōsaka 新大阪 39.0 R S Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Sanyō Shinkansen, Subway Midōsuji Line
Ōsaka 大阪 42.8 R S Ōsaka Station: JR Kōbe Line, Osaka Loop Line, Fukuchiyama Line
Kitashinchi Station: JR Tōzai Line
Umeda Station: Subway Midōsuji Line, Hankyu Kobe Main Line, Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line, Hankyu Kyoto Main Line, Hanshin Main Line
Higashi-Umeda Station: Subway Tanimachi Line
Nishi-Umeda Station: Subway Yotsubashi Line
Kita-ku, Osaka
Through services on JR Kobe Line and JR Takarazuka Line

Closed station[edit]

From September 5, 1876 to the opening of Kyoto Station on February 6, 1877, Ōmiyadōri Temporary Station (大宮通仮停車場 Ōmiyadōri Kari Teishajō?) was the station for the city of Kyoto. The temporary station was located at 40 chains (0.80 km) west of Kyoto Station construction site, or 3 miles and 47 chains (5.77 km) away from Mukōmachi Station.

Rolling stock[edit]

Local[edit]

  • 207 series (from 1991, through service with Fukuchiyama Line)
  • 321 series (from 2005, through service with Fukuchiyama Line)

Special Rapid and Rapid[edit]

Limited express[edit]

Former[edit]

History[edit]

The line now called the JR Kyoto Line opened in 1876, only four years after the opening of the first railway in Japan. On July 26, 1876, the Japanese Government Railways opened the section between Ōsaka and Mukōmachi with an intermediate station at Takatsuki. On August 9, 1876, Yamazaki Station, Ibaraki Station and Suita Station opened. Kyoto Station opened on February 6, 1877.

On June 1, 1949, operation of the line was taken over by Japanese National Railways (JNR).

  • October 1, 1964 – Shin-Ōsaka Station opens with a Tōkaidō Shinkansen connection
  • October 1, 1970 – Operation of Special Rapid Service starts
  • April 1, 1987 - JR West becomes the operator of the line following privatization of JNR
  • March 13, 1988 – JR West starts the use of the line name JR Kyoto Line

References[edit]