Jaén (pronounced: [xaˈen]) is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Albacete, Granada and Córdoba. Its capital is Jaén city.
Its area is 13,484 km². Its population is 657,387 (2003), of whom just about one-sixth live in the capital. It contains 97 municipalities.
One of the lesser known provinces of Spain compared to the heavily tourist-oriented coast, it has four national parks (one the size of the entire region of La Rioja), and many other protected natural areas. The province also contains two Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza, both recently declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The annual chess tournament held in Linares attracts many of the world's best players.
Jaén is one of the larger producers of olive oil in the world. It produces around 60% of all Spanish production.
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