|• Also spelled||Jaba'a (official)
|• Type||Local Development Committee|
|• Jurisdiction||10,099 dunams (10.1 km2 or 3.9 sq mi)|
Jab'a (Arabic: الجبعة) is a Palestinian village in the central West Bank, located 17 kilometers north of Hebron and 15 kilometers southwest of Bethlehem. Located three kilometers east of the Green Line, it is located in the Seam Zone, surrounded by the Israeli settlements in the Gush Etzion Regional Council and the Israeli West Bank barrier. Nearby Palestinian towns and villages include Surif adjacent to the Jaba'a, Wadi Fukin and Nahalin to the north. It is the northernmost locality in the Hebron Governorate. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Jab'a had a population of approximately 896 in 2007. Jab'a has a total land area of 10,099 dunams, of which 1,002 dunams as built up area.
Jab'a dates back to the Canaanites. The village houses are small and consist of just one spacious room surrounded by a large area of farmland, on which almonds and olives grapes and are cultivated. Byzantine ceramics have been found.
In 1596, Jaba appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 3 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, and goats or beehives.
In 1863, the French explorer Victor Guérin found Jab'a reduced to a hundred souls, while the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Jeba in 1883 as "a small village standing upon a high, narrow ridge, with a steep valley to the north. The houses are of stone. To the east are caves in the face of the rock."
British Mandate of Palestine
In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Al Jaba'a had a population of 122, all Muslims, while at the time of the 1931 census, El Jab'a had a population of 176, still Muslim, living in a total of 36 houses.
In 1945 the population of El Jab'a was 210, all Arabs, who owned 5,593 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. 102 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,880 used for cereals, while 12 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
1967, and aftermath
- Palmer, 1881, p. 296
- 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
- Al Jaba'a Border crossing under construction Land Research Center. 26 December 2005.
- Jab'aa Centre for Cultural Heritage Preservation.
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 921
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 112
- Guérin, 1869, p. 382
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 25
- Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
- Mills, 1932, p. 32
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 93
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 143
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Guérin, Victor (1869). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 3. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome To al-Jab'a
- SWP map 17, IAA
- SWP map 17, Wikimedia commons
- Al Jab'a Village (Fact Sheet)
- Al Jab’a Village
- Al Jab'a Areal Photo
- Al Jab’a