Jabal Amman

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Jabal Amman
Hill
A view of Jabal Amman and surrounding hills
A view of Jabal Amman and surrounding hills
Jabal Amman is located in Jordan
Jabal Amman
Jabal Amman
Location within Jordan
Coordinates: 31°57′2″N 35°55′23″E / 31.95056°N 35.92306°E / 31.95056; 35.92306Coordinates: 31°57′2″N 35°55′23″E / 31.95056°N 35.92306°E / 31.95056; 35.92306
Country Jordan
Governorate Capital Governorate
Municipality Greater Amman Municipality
City Amman
Established Ammonite kingdom BCE

Jabal Amman is one of the seven hills that originally made up Amman, Jordan. Today, Jabal Amman is near the old downtown area.

History[edit]

Along with the rest of old Amman, Jabal Amman was first settled during the Neolithic period. But unlike nearby hills, particularly Jabal al-Qal'a, Jabal Amman was never fortified.[1] It remained somewhat of a wooded outback until the 20th century, when Amman was declared the capital of Transjordan and royalty, wealthy families, businesses, army officers, and politicians began moving into Jabal Amman.[1] Soon, the jabal was informally established as an elite neighborhood of Amman. As Amman spread west, the 1st Circle was built and Jabal Amman became a primary east-west artery for the quickly expanding city. As the area aged, trees and greenery matured. Today, full grown trees line the streets of Jabal Amman.[1] In 2005, the Greater Amman Municipality recognized Jabal Amman as a 'heritage attraction point' and set forth plans to preserve and develop the historic hill.[2]

Location[edit]

Traditionally, the 1st Circle marks the start of Jabal Amman and King Talal Street on the valley floor marks the end of it. 9th Sha'ban Street divides Jabal Amman from Jabal Lweibdeh in the north.[1] Mango Street runs north-south across the slope. Rainbow Street serves as the main access up and down the mountain to the 1st circle. Jabal Akhddar is on the opposite side of the valley from Jabal Amman.

Architecture[edit]

Jabal Amman is renowned for its historic buildings and distinctive early 20th century architecture. When politicians and entrepreneurs moved into the neighborhood during the same time, they began to build houses, many of the houses featuring a single story and a large front porch running the entire front exposure of the building.[3] Notable houses include:[3]

Numerous businesses such as Books@Café, Old View Café, Jordan River Foundation, Wild Jordan, and Royal Jordan Film Commission inhabit these buildings today.[citation needed]

Jabal Amman Residents Association[edit]

Jabal Amman Residents Association (JARA) is an organization started in 2004 to preserve the neighborhood's deep history and promote cultural events.[4] JARA hosts many of the outdoor markets in Jabal Amman. The most famous is Souk JARA (سوق جارا) that was established in 2005.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Matthew Teller. Rough Guide to Jordan. Rough Guides, 2007. ISBN 1-84353-458-4. 
  2. ^ "Rainbow Street". Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  3. ^ a b Old Houses of Jordan. TURAB, 1997. 
  4. ^ "Jordan Times". Jordan Times, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  5. ^ Official leaflets at Souk JARA itself