Jabbul

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Jabbul
Jabbul is located in Mandatory Palestine
Jabbul
Jabbul
Arabic جبول
Name meaning possibly "Boundary"[1]
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°34′0.48″N 35°30′34.66″E / 32.5668000°N 35.5096278°E / 32.5668000; 35.5096278Coordinates: 32°34′0.48″N 35°30′34.66″E / 32.5668000°N 35.5096278°E / 32.5668000; 35.5096278
Population 290 (1948)
Area 15107 dunams
Date of depopulation May 18, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Secondary cause Influence of nearby town's fall

Jabbul (Arabic: جبول‎) is a depopulated former Palestinian Arab village located 7 km north of Baysan. During Operation Gideon, the village was occupied by the Golani Brigade.[3]

Location[edit]

Jabbul stood an a hill on the edge of the Baysan Valley, overlooking Wadi Yubla to the southwest. Wadi al-Ashsha ran through its land in the south. A secondary road linked it to the Baysan - Jericho highway, and other roads connected it to the surrounding villages.[4]

History[edit]

The site was probably known in Roman times as Gebul or, more likely, as Gebula. The Crusaders also referred to it as Gebul, which may have been derived from the Hebrew word for "boundary".[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596, Jabbul was a farm that paid taxes to the government.[5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as being situated on low ground and was built of stone and adobe.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

At the time of the 1931 census, Jabbul had 50 occupied houses and a population of 218 Muslims.[7]

The village had a circular plan, with houses radiating out from the village center. The houses were surrounded by farmlands. The entire population was Muslim, and the village had a small mosque with a domed shrine which stood at the south of the houses. The village also had a number of shops, however, it mostly relied on Baysan and the village of Kawkab al-Hawa for education, medical care, trade and other services. A spring to the east of the village supplied them with water. In 1944/45 a total of 4,367 dunums was allocated to cereals, 5 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards. The elevated lands around the village were used for grazing.[4]

1948, and after[edit]

On 7 June 1948, a platoon of Barak troops, commanded by Yitzhak Shusterman raided the village along with others in the area. The troops arrived by bus and took up position on a high point on the outskirts of the village and lobbed a few two-inch mortar rounds into its centre and then moved in and searched it. The troops encountered harvesters who ran off and "[...] opened fire but hit no [one]". Arabs also fled from the village itself and the platoon "burned their crops and set alight several houses".[8]

In September 1948, Nahum Wurwitz of Kfar Gil'adi appealed in a letter for permission to destroy Jabbul, Kawkab al-Hawa, al-Bira and al-Hamidiyya in the area for fear that they may be used by Arabs for military operations and to enable them to "take the village's lands, because the Arabs won't be able to return there".[9]

Walid Khalidi described the remaining structures of the village in 1992:

"The houses have been reduced to rubble and are overgrown with trees, thorns, and wild grass. The land around the site is cultivated."[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 161
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii village #114, also gives causes of depopulation
  3. ^ Jabbul, PalestineRemembered.com.
  4. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 51.
  5. ^ Al-Bakhit and as-Humud 1989a:59. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 51.
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 84. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 51.
  7. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 79
  8. ^ Benny Morris (2004), The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press , pp. 261. Quotes from 'Barak' Intelligence Officer to Golani Intelligence Officer (June 8, 1948), Report on Search/Patrol in the Villages: Danna, al Bira, Kafra, Jabbul, Yubla Murassas, IDFA 128/51//32  therein.
  9. ^ Benny Morris (2004), The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press , pp. 357. Quotes from Peterzil to Erem, Bentov, Hazan and Cisling (August 10, 1948), quoting an extract from an undated letter from Faivel Cohen of Ma'ayan Barukh, to Peterzil, HHA-ACP 10.95.10(5)  therein.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]