Jabel Mukaber

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Jabel Mukaber
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic جبل مكبر
 • Also spelled Jabal Mukaber, Jabel Muqaber, Jabal Mukkaber (unofficial)
 • Hebrew ג'בל מוכאבר
Jabel Mukaber with the Dome of the Rock seen in the background.
Jabel Mukaber with the Dome of the Rock seen in the background.
Jabel Mukaber is located in the Palestinian territories
Jabel Mukaber
Jabel Mukaber
Location of Jabel Mukaber within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°45′16.75″N 35°14′27.65″E / 31.7546528°N 35.2410139°E / 31.7546528; 35.2410139Coordinates: 31°45′16.75″N 35°14′27.65″E / 31.7546528°N 35.2410139°E / 31.7546528; 35.2410139
Governorate Jerusalem
Government
 • Type Municipality
Population
 • Jurisdiction 16,030
Dwellings in Jabel Mukaber
Houses located in the lower part of Jabel Mukaber
Jabel Mukaber neighborhood in East Jerusalem

Jabel Mukaber (Arabic: جبل مكبر‎) (Hebrew: ג'בל מוכאבר‎) is a predominantly Arab neighborhood in southern East Jerusalem. It is bordered by East Talpiot[1] to the west, Abu Tor and Silwan to the north and Sur Baher to the south. Jabel Mukaber has a population of 14,000.[1]

History[edit]

According to local legend, Jabel Mukaber is named after Umar ibn al-Khattab, a disciple of Muhammad and the second caliph of the Islamic Caliphate, who cried Allahu Akbar at this site. During the Mandatory Palestine, the offices of the British High Commissioner, the representative of British imperial rule in Palestine were located in Jabel Mukaber.[2] During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood battled Jewish forces in the neighborhood.[3] Jabel Mukaber and other Arab neighborhoods in East Jerusalem were captured and annexed by Jordan. Since the 1967 Six-Day War, Jabel Mukaber has been under the jurisdiction of the Jerusalem Municipality.[4]

Demography[edit]

Many residents of Jabel Mukaber rejected Israeli citizenship to demonstrate their solidarity with Palestinians in the West Bank,[4] but they are considered permanent residents. As holders of blue identity cards, they have wide freedom of movement within Israel, and have access to health care, unemployment and other benefits.[4][5]

The construction of the Israeli West Bank barrier has divided Jabel Mukaber in half and left some neighborhood residents on the West Bank side of the wall, meaning that they hold orange IDs instead of blue IDs, and cannot cross into Israel itself.[6] Running through the centre of the neighbourhood, the barrier often separates members of the same family from one another, interrupting normal family life.[6] Jabel Mukaber is under-budgeted for municipal services, leading to sewage blockages in parts of the neighborhood and a shortage of classrooms.[7]

Arab-Israeli conflict[edit]

East Talpiot was established in 1970 in close proximity to Jabel Mukaber during the upswing of building that followed the Six-Day War.[5] When the Intifada (uprising) began, the mood changed. Since then, Jabel Mukaber has been the scene of numerous demonstrations, protests and riots in support of the Palestinian cause.[8][9][10]

Two residents of Jabel Mukaber were convicted for transporting a suicide bomber from Bethlehem who perpetrated the Patt Junction Bus Bombing in 2002, killing 19 people and wounding over 74. In 2006, a Jabel Mukaber resident opened fire on Israeli policemen and security guards injuring one of them before he was shot dead.[11] The perpetrator of the 2008 Mercaz HaRav massacre, Alaa Abu Dhein, was from Jabel Mukaber.[12] Following the attack, in which eight high school students were killed, the residents of Jabel Mukaber erected a mourners' tent for him.[13] Israeli protesters tried to break through police barricades outside Jabel Mukaber, resulting in the arrest of 13 protesters.[10] In 2008, a Jabel Mukaber resident rammed a group of Israelis with his car.[14]

Landmarks[edit]

A Tolerance Monument sculpted by Czesław Dźwigaj in collaboration with Michal Kubiak is situated on a hill marking the divide between Jewish East Talpiot and Arab Jabel Mukaber, standing opposite the United Nations headquarters in Jerusalem in a park near Goldman Promenade. Unveiled in Jerusalem in 2008, it was funded by Polish businessman Aleksander Gudzowaty as a symbol to promote peace in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Segev, Tom (1/9/2005). "A good friend jumps the fence - Haaretz.co.il". Haaretz. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  2. ^ A.B.H. Kargbo. History & Holy Places. Bait Mal al-Quds al-Sharif. 
  3. ^ ʻUwaysī, ʻAbd al-Fattāḥ Muḥammad. (1998). The Muslim Brothers and the Palestine Question 1928-1947 I.B.Tauris, p.209. ISBN 1-86064-214-4.
  4. ^ a b c Eric Westervelt (July 10, 2008). "Israelis Propose Laws To Punish Terrorists' Families". National Public Radio (NPR). 
  5. ^ a b Gorenberg, Gershom (October 2, 2007). "A Note to Hillary on Jerusalem Disunited - prospect.org". The American Prospect. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  6. ^ a b Ghiath Nasser (17 January 2008). "Like the Berlin Wall...". Common Ground News Service. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  7. ^ Sela, Neta (2006-05-23). "The Jerusalemites Israel doesn't like - ynet". ynetnews.com. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  8. ^ Shragai, Nadav. "Riots in Jabal Mukaber / Shin Bet worries about usuals who weren't there - haaretz". haaretz. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  9. ^ Zino, Aviram (03.16.08, 18:43). "Rightists hurl stones at Arab homes in Jerusalem - ynet". ynetnews.com. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  10. ^ a b "Israelis try to destroy attacker's house - USAtoday". Usa today. 2008-03-16. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  11. ^ Diaz, Shlomi (2006-07-27). "שוטר ומאבטחים נפצעו בפיגוע במזרח ירושלים - nfc.co.il" (in Hebrew). nfc.co.il. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  12. ^ "Countdown To Murder - From Jabel Mukaber To Jerusalem Via Gaza". infolive.tv. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  13. ^ Shahar, Ilan (17:44 10/03/2008). "Likud MK to propose ban on public mourning for terrorists". haaretz. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  14. ^ Palestinian Car Rams Israelis, ISABEL KERSHNER, September 22, 2008, New York Times [1]
  15. ^ KERSHNER, Isabel (2008-10-17). "Symbol of Peace Stands at Divide Between Troubled Jerusalem's East and West". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-18.