Jabir ibn Abd Allah

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Jabir ibn Abdullah <br> Arabic: جابر بن عبدالله
Title: al-Ansawi Arabic: الأنصاري
Birthplace Medina, Hejaz
Ethnicity Arab people
Known For Being a loyal companion of Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, and the Ahl al-Bayt
Influences Allah, Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, and the Ahl al-Bayt
Died 78 AH (697)
Burial Place Mada'in, Iraq
Parents

Father: Abdullah ibn Amr

Mother: Nasiba bint Uqba
Religion Islam
Political Party

Jabir ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn Haram al-Ansari' (Arabic: جابر بن عبدالله بن عمرو بن حرام الأنصاري‎, died 697 CE/78 AH) was a prominent companion of Muhammad and his descendants, the Shi'a Imams.

Life[edit]

Early life[edit]

Jabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansari was born in Yathrib (now known as Medina) 15 years before the Hijra. He belonged to a poor family of Yathrib. He was from the tribe of Khazraj. His mother was Nasiba bint Uqba ibn Uddi. His father was married to his paternal cousin.

Muhammad's era[edit]

Jabir ibn Abdullah Ansari is said to have accepted Islam when he was a young boy.

His participation in the Battle of Badr is questioned by some historians; he is known to have fought in 19 battles (including Badr) under command of Muhammad, and was a trusted Sahaba. He was present during the conquest of Mecca.

Battle of Uhud[edit]

In the Battle of Uhud, Jabir ibn Abdullah was not allowed by his father Abdullah to take part in Jihad. Jabir had seven sisters (some historians say nine) and Abdullah wanted him to take care of his family. So instead of fighting, Jabir served the thirsty soldiers. Abdullah Ansari (Jabir’s father) was killed in the Battle of Uhud <ref>Sahih Bukhari 4:40</ref> along with his brother-in-law, Amro bin Jamooh, both having reached nearly 100 years of age.

Ali ibn Abu Talib era[edit]

He fought in all the three major civil wars fought with Imam Ali, Battle of Jamal, Battle of Sifeen, and Battle of Nahrawan.

Husain ibn Ali (ibn Abu Talib) era[edit]

Due to old age and blindness, Jabir was unable to participate in the Battle of Karbala (October 10, 680) wherein the grandson of Muhammad, Hussain ibn Ali was martyred. However, he did establish the practice of marking Arba'een.

He paid a visit to the grave of Imam Husain ibn Ali in Karbala, along with one of his companions, Attiya ibn Saad ibn Junadah (a scholar). Jabir ibn Abdullah recited a ziaraat there that is known as Ziaraat-e-Arba'een.

Ali ibn Husayn's (ibn Ali) era[edit]

Jabir had a long life and became blind in his old age. But he devoutly waited for the time when he would meet the fifth Imam. Each morning he would come out from his house, sit by the roadside and wait for the sound of the footsteps to recognize the fifth Imam. One such day while he was waiting in the street of Medina, he heard someone walking towards him, the sound of footsteps reminded him of the way Muhammad used to walk. Jabir stood up, stopped the man and asked his name. He replied, “Muhammad”, Jabir asked, “whose son”? He replied “Ali ibn Hussain”. Jabir immediately recognized the man he was talking to was the 5th Imam. He kissed his hands and conveyed the message of Muhammad.

Abd al-Malik's era and Jabir’s death[edit]

It was during this era that he retold the Hadith of Umar's speech of forbidding Mut'ah. Jabir had a very long life. He was poisoned by Al-Hajjaj bin Yousef Thaqfi in the age of 94 years because of his loyalty to Ahl al-Bayt and was buried in Madain near Baghdad at the bank of river Tigris. He died in 78 AH (697).

Legacy[edit]

Purported grave of Jabir ibn Abdullah Al-Ansari

He narrated about 1,547 Hadiths (some historians say). After the death of Muhammad he used to deliver lectures in Masjid Nabwi, Medina, Egypt, and Damascus. Such leading Tabi'en scholars as Amr ibn Dinar, Mujahid, and Ata' ibn Abi Rabah attended his lectures. People gathered around him in Damascus and Egypt to learn about Muhammad and his Hadiths.

List of narrated hadith[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]