Jacinto Peynado

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Jacinto Peynado
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg 37th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
August 16, 1938 – February 24, 1940
Vice President Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Preceded by Rafael Trujillo
Succeeded by Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg 22nd Vice President of the Dominican Republic
In office
August 16, 1934 – August 16, 1938
Preceded by Vacant
Succeeded by Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Personal details
Born February 15, 1878 (1878-02-15)
San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic
Died March 7, 1940 (1940-03-08) (age 62)
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Nationality Dominican
Political party Dominican Party
Residence Santo Domingo
Alma mater Professional Institute
Profession Attorney

Jacinto Bienvenido Peynado (February 15, 1878 - March 7, 1940) was the President of the Dominican Republic from August 16, 1938 until February 24, 1940 during the Trujillo Era. During his 31-year regime, dictator Rafael Trujillo appointed four individuals to serve as ceremonial Presidents while retaining direct, behind-the-scenes control of the Executive branch. Prior to ascending to the Presidency, Peynado served as Trujillo's Vice President from 1934 to 1938.

Peynado came from a distinguished Dominican family and was educated in Santo Domingo as a lawyer and worked as a law professor at University of Santo Domingo. He was appointed Minister for Justice (Attorney General) and Public Education by President Ramon Baez in 1914 and retained that position in Juan Isidro Jimenez's government. He also served as Minister of the Interior (which in the Dominican Republic includes overseeing the National Police). His brother, Francisco, had negotiated with Charles Evans Hughes the treaty that terminated the occupation by the Marines in 1924.

Peynado briefly served as interim President of the Dominican Republic under the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo, interrupting Rafael Estrella Urena's term of office from April 22, 1930 until May 21, 1930, when Urena resumed the presidency. Peynado served as secretary of the interior, police, and war in General Trujillo's subsequent government. He became secretary to the President in 1932, and was elected Trujillo's Vice President in 1934. Peynado was Trujillo's hand-picked candidate in the elections held in 1938. He assumed the presidency on August 16, 1938, though Trujillo largely continued to control the country. Peynado retained office until February 24, 1940, when his ill health forced him to cede the Presidency to Vice President Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha. He died in Santo Domingo (then named Ciudad Trujillo) on March 7, 1940.

His grandson, also named Jacinto Peynado, served as Vice President of the Dominican Republic from 1994 to 1996.

References[edit]

  • Crassweller RD. Trujillo. The Life and Times of a Caribbean Dictator. The MacMIllan Co, New York, 1966. pages 165-177.


Political offices
Preceded by
Rafael Trujillo
President of the Dominican Republic
1938–1940
Succeeded by
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha