Jack Burke, Jr.

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Jack Burke, Jr.
— Golfer —
Personal information
Full name John Joseph Burke, Jr.
Nickname Jack, Jackie
Born (1923-01-29) January 29, 1923 (age 91)
Fort Worth, Texas
Height 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)
Weight 165 lb (75 kg; 11.8 st)
Nationality  United States
Career
Turned professional 1940
Former tour(s) PGA Tour
Professional wins 18
Number of wins by tour
PGA Tour 16
Other 2
Best results in major championships
(Wins: 2)
Masters Tournament Won: 1956
U.S. Open T10: 1955
The Open Championship DNP
PGA Championship Won: 1956
Achievements and awards
World Golf Hall of Fame 2000 (member page)
Vardon Trophy 1952
PGA Player of the Year 1956
PGA Tour Lifetime
Achievement Award
2003
Bob Jones Award 2004

John Joseph "Jack" Burke, Jr. (born January 29, 1923) is an American professional golfer who was most prominent in the 1950s. He first rose to fame with two lopsided victories in the Ryder Cup matches in 1951 and was subsequently selected for the 1953, 1955, 1957, and 1959 teams, serving as playing captain in 1957. Burke also served as non-playing captain in the 1973 matches, and as special assistant captain to Hal Sutton in 2004. He won two major titles during his career, both in 1956, the Masters and PGA Championship.[1]

Born in Fort Worth, Texas, Burke started in golf at age seven. His father, Jack, Sr., was the club professional at Houston's River Oaks Country Club and a runner-up at the U.S. Open in 1920.[2][3] The younger Burke graduated from St. Thomas High School in Houston in 1940 and turned professional at age 17, then served four years in the Marines during World War II. After the war, Burke resumed his career in golf after first considering work in the oil fields of Texas. His first job was as a teaching pro in New Jersey, which was followed by a position as an assistant at Winged Foot Golf Club,[4] where he was mentored by Claude Harmon, and later club pro at Metropolis Country Club in White Plains, New York.[2]

Burke won 16 PGA Tour events in his career, which included two majors in 1956.[3] In his Masters victory, Burke came from eight strokes behind in the final round, with a one-under 71 to overtake leader Ken Venturi, then an amateur, who shot 80 (+8).[5][6] Perhaps his most famous match was his nine-hour, 40-hole quarterfinal loss to Cary Middlecoff at the PGA Championship in 1955. The next year he went the distance in the match play format and won.[1][7] Burke won the Vardon Trophy for lowest scoring average in 1952, a season in which he won four straight Tour events. He was selected PGA Player of the Year in 1956.[3]

Burke partnered with Jimmy Demaret to found Champions Golf Club in Houston in 1957. The 36-hole facility hosted a PGA Tour event from 1966 to 1971, today's Shell Houston Open, as well as the 1967 Ryder Cup, 1969 U.S. Open, and 1993 U.S. Amateur. Burke was the fifth recipient of the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award in 2003, and was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2000.[3]

Burke shares his permanent locker at Augusta National Golf Club, home of The Masters in Augusta, Georgia with Tiger Woods. As tradition dictates, both keep their prized green jackets, awarded to the annual winner of the tournament, in a wooden, finished locker with gold name plates on the front, with each year listed for the year they won.

In recent years, Burke has coached several current PGA Tour stars, including Phil Mickelson, in putting.

Professional wins (18)[edit]

PGA Tour wins (16)[edit]

Major championships are shown in bold.

Other wins (2)[edit]

this list may be incomplete

Major championships[edit]

Wins (2)[edit]

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runner-up
1956 Masters Tournament 8 shot deficit +1 (72-71-75-71=289) 1 stroke United States Ken Venturi
1956 PGA Championship n/a 3 & 2 United States Ted Kroll

Results timeline[edit]

Tournament 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
Masters Tournament DNP WD 11 2 8 T6 T13 1 T7 CUT T34
U.S. Open T27 CUT DNP T41 T14 T15 T10 CUT WD DNP DNP
PGA Championship R64 DNP QF R32 DNP R64 QF 1 R64 4 T17
Tournament 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
Masters Tournament T11 T7 T39 CUT CUT CUT T44 T53 CUT T24
U.S. Open DNP DNP CUT T21 DNP CUT DNP DNP DNP DNP
PGA Championship T29 T52 T17 T34 T44 T8 T66 T42 DNP T69
Tournament 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974
Masters Tournament CUT DNP DNP DNP CUT
U.S. Open DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP
PGA Championship T45 CUT 67 T56 DNP

Note: Burke never played in The Open Championship.
DNP = Did not play
WD = Withdrew
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10.

Summary[edit]

Tournament Wins 2nd 3rd Top-5 Top-10 Top-25 Events Cuts made
Masters Tournament 1 1 0 2 6 10 22 14
U.S. Open 0 0 0 0 1 4 11 6
The Open Championship 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
PGA Championship 1 0 0 2 5 7 22 21
Totals 2 1 0 4 12 21 55 41
  • Most consecutive cuts made – 14 (1951 Masters – 1956 Masters)
  • Longest streak of top-10s – 3 (1955 U.S. Open – 1956 Masters)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Burkes's Blazing Putter Wins PGA, 3 and 2". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. July 25, 1956. p. 15. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Sport: Texas Grass Fire". Time. March 13, 1950. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Member bio: Jack Burke, Jr.". World Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  4. ^ Hauser, Melanie. "A Champion of Golf". The Memorial Tournament magazine. Retrieved April 10, 2010. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Jack Burke Surprise Winner of Masters Golf". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 9, 1956. p. 18. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ Wind, Herbert Warren (April 16, 1956). "And Then—Jackie Burke Took Charge". Sports Illustrated: 28. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Tournament Info for: 1956 PGA Championship". PGA.com. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]