|Walter Braden (Jack) Finney|
October 2, 1911|
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
|Died||November 14, 1995
Greenbrae, California, United States
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer|
|Genre||Noir fiction, science fiction, thrillers, comedy|
|Subject||19th century American history|
Jack Finney (October 2, 1911 – November 14, 1995) was an American author. His best-known works are science fiction and thrillers, including The Body Snatchers and Time and Again. The former was the basis for the 1956 movie Invasion of the Body Snatchers and its remakes.
Finney was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and given the name John Finney. After his father died when he was three years old, he was renamed Walter Braden Finney in honor of his father, but continued to be known as "Jack" throughout his life. He attended Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, graduating in 1934. He married Marguerite Guest and they had two children, Kenneth and Marguerite. After living in New York City and working for an advertising agency there, he moved with his family to California in the early 1950s. He lived in Mill Valley, California, and died of pneumonia and emphysema in Greenbrae, California at 84.
Finney's first short story, "The Widow's Walk", won a contest sponsored by Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine in 1946. His first novel, 5 Against the House, was published in 1954. It was made into a movie the following year.
Finney's novel The Body Snatchers (1955) was the basis for the 1956 movie Invasion of the Body Snatchers (and its remakes). It tells the story of aliens who invade Earth by emerging from pods and taking over the bodies of humans.
Finney's greatest success came with his science fiction novel Time and Again (1970). It involves time travel to the past, a theme he had experimented with previously in short stories. Its protagonist, Simon Morley, is working in advertising in New York City when he is recruited for a secret government project to achieve time travel. Instead of using a physical machine, the participants steep themselves in the history and culture of a particular time and place, then travel there through hypnosis or self-hypnosis. Morley travels to the New York City of 1882. The novel is notable for Finney's vivid and detailed picture of life in the city at that time and for the art and photographs supposedly made by Morley during his experiences, which are reproduced in the pages of the novel. Morley sees many actual historical sites, some now gone (e.g., the post office that, until 1939, stood in what is now the southern tip of City Hall Park) and some still existing (e.g., St. Patrick's Cathedral, then the tallest building in its Fifth Avenue neighborhood).
Finney's story "Such Interesting Neighbors" (Collier's, 6 January 1951) was the basis for the second episode of Science Fiction Theater, entitled "Time Is Just a Place." It was first broadcast on 16 April 1955. It co-starred Don DeFore and Warren Stevens. Later, the story appeared as an episode of the Steven Spielberg-created anthology series Amazing Stories, starring Adam Ant and Marcia Strassman. Spielberg's version was first broadcast on 20 March 1987.
In 1995, twenty-five years after Time and Again, Finney published a well-received sequel called From Time to Time featuring the further adventures of Morley, this time centering on Manhattan in 1912. Finney died at the age of 84 not long after finishing the book.
The Third Level, Knox College's science fiction and fantasy publication, is named for Finney's short story and collection. "The Third Level" was published in the Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in October 1952.
- "Someone Who Knows Told Me …", Cosmopolitan (Non-Fiction) (December, 1943)
- "The Widow's Walk", Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine (July, 1947)
- "Breakfast in Bed", Collier's (May, 1948)
- "The Little Courtesies", Collier's (June, 1949)
- "A Dash of Spring", Cosmopolitan (June, 1949)
- "I Like It This Way", Collier's (June, 1950)
- "My Cigarette Loves Your Cigarette", Collier's (September, 1950)
- "Such Interesting Neighbors", Collier's (January, 1951)
- "One Man Show", Collier's (June, 1951)
- "I'm Scared", Collier's (September, 1951)
- "It Wouldn't be Fair", Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine (November, 1951)
- "Obituary" (co-written with C.J. Durban), Collier's (February, 1952)
- "Quit Zoomin' Those Hands Through the Air", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction (December, 1952)
- "Of Missing Persons" (1955)
- "Man of Confidence", Good Housekeeping (September, 1955)
- "Second Chance", Good Housekeeping (April, 1956)
- "Contents of the Dead Man's Pocket", Good Housekeeping (June, 1956)
- "The Love Letter", Saturday Evening Post (August 1, 1959) [Also re-published in January/February 1988 issue of Saturday Evening Post]
- "The U-19’s Last Kill", Saturday Evening Post (six-part series, beginning August 22, 1959 and ending September 26, 1959)
- "The Other Wife" (aka The Coin Collector), Saturday Evening Post (January 30, 1960)
- "An Old Tune" (aka Home Alone), McCall's (October, 1961)
- "Old Enough for Love", McCall's (May, 1962)
- "The Sunny Side of the Street", McCall's (October, 1962)
- "Time Has No Boundaries" (aka The Face in the Photo), Saturday Evening Post (October 13, 1962)
- Hey, Look at Me! (1962)
- Lunch Hour Magic (1962)
- Where the Cluetts Are (1962)
- 5 Against the House (1954)
- The Body Snatchers (1955)
- The House of Numbers (1957) (for film, see House of Numbers)
- Assault on a Queen (1959)
- Good Neighbor Sam (1963)
- The Woodrow Wilson Dime (1968)
- Time and Again (1970)
- Marion's Wall (1973)
- The Night People (1977)
- From Time to Time (1995)
- The Third Level (1957) (short story collection), in England as The Clock of Time (1958)
- I Love Galesburg in the Springtime (1963) (short story collection)
- Forgotten News: The Crime of the Century and Other Lost Stories (1983) (Nonfiction)
- About Time (1986) (short story collection, a subset of only the time stories from The Third Level and I Love Galesburg in the Springtime)
- Three by Finney (1987) (an omnibus edition of The Woodrow Wilson Dime, Marion's Wall, and The Night People)
- Telephone Roulette: A Comedy in One Act (1956)
- This Winter's Hobby: A Play (1966)
Films based on Finney's novels and stories
- 5 Against the House (1955 Phil Karlson film starring Guy Madison, Kim Novak, and Brian Keith)
- Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956)
- House of Numbers (1957 Russell Rouse film noir starring Jack Palance)
- Good Neighbor Sam (1964 David Swift film starring Jack Lemmon, Romy Schneider, and Dorothy Provine)
- Assault on a Queen (1966 Jack Donohue film based on The U-19's Last Kill starring Frank Sinatra, Virna Lisi, and Anthony Franciosa)
- Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978 remake)
- Maxie (1985 Paul Aaron film starring Glenn Close, Mandy Patinkin, and Ruth Gordon; based on Marion's Wall)
- Body Snatchers (1993 remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers)
- The Love Letter (1998 Dan Curtis TV movie starring Campbell Scott, Jennifer Jason Leigh, David Dukes, and Estelle Parsons; based on the story of the same name)
- The Invasion (2007 remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers)
A 1980 film, Somewhere in Time, was based on the novel Bid Time Return, by Richard Matheson, but used the same time travel technique described by Finney in Time and Again and About Time. The college professor who describes this time travel technique is also named Finney after the author.
Notes and references
- Jack Finney at the Internet Movie Database
- Jack Finney at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Grimes, William (17 November 1995). "Jack Finney, 84, Sci-Fi Author Of Time-Travel Tales, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 October 2011. Obituary.
- Obituaries from Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, San Francisco Examiner, Dayton Daily News, and The New York Times[dead link]
- Camilletti, Fabio (2010). "Present Perfect. Time and the Uncanny in American Science and Horror Fiction of the 1970s (Finney, Matheson, King)". Image [&] Narrative 11 (3): 25–41. ISSN 1780-678X. Academic journal article on time-slip in science fiction, with special reference to Time and Again and The Love Letter.
- Corrigan, Maureen (17 October 2011). "The Sad Lesson Of 'Body Snatchers': People Change". Fresh Air. Retrieved 18 October 2011. An appreciation of Jack Finney on the 100th anniversary of his birth.
- "Jack Finney". Retrieved 8 March 2012. Annotated bibliography with other materials.