Jack Hindon Medal

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Jack Hindon Medal
SAW Jack Hindon Medal.jpg
Awarded by the State President
Country  South Africa
Type Military decoration for merit
Eligibility Other ranks in the Commandos
Awarded for Exceptionally diligent and outstanding service
Status Discontinued in 1975
Post-nominals JHM
Statistics
Established 1970
First awarded 1971
Last awarded 1975
Total awarded 18
Precedence
Next (higher)
SADF precedence:[1]
SANDF precedence:[2]
Next (lower)
SADF succession:[1]
SANDF succession:[2]
JHMlint.gif
Ribbon bar

The Jack Hindon Medal, post-nominal letters JHM, is a military decoration that was instituted in the Republic of South Africa in 1970 and that was in use until 1975. It was awarded to other ranks for diligent service in the Commandos, the rural defence component of the South African Defence Force.[3][4][5]

The South African military[edit]

The Union Defence Forces (UDF) were established in 1912 and renamed the South African Defence Force (SADF) in 1958. On 27 April 1994 it was integrated with six other independent forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[6]

Orders, decorations and medals[edit]

In April 1952 a series of military decorations and medals was instituted, consisting of substitutes for many of the British and Commonwealth awards which had earlier been used. More decorations and medals, as well as an emblem for being mentioned in dispatches, were added between 1953 and 1970. In July 1975 the military decorations and medals of the Republic were revised. Some decorations and medals were carried over from the earlier series of 1952-1975 and new awards were instituted, followed by more between 1987 and 1991. Finally, all but one of these earlier awards were discontinued in respect of services performed on or after 27 April 2003, when a new set of nine decorations and medals was instituted to replace them.[4][6][7][8][9]

Fount of Honour[edit]

Until 1958 the top three awards were reserved for conferment by the Queen while the rest were awarded by the Governor-General, but in 1958 the Governor-General was authorised to also award the top three. In 1961 the State President became the Fount of Honour, and in 1994 the President.[6]

Award criteria for the Jack Hindon Medal[edit]

The Jack Hindon Medal, post-nominal letters JHM, was awarded to other ranks of the Commandos, the rural defence component of the South African Defence Force, for exceptionally diligent and outstanding service. The medal was named after Jack Hindon, an Irish-born Afrikaner hero of the Second Boer War. The use of post-nominal letters was allowed from 1993, eighteen years after the medal had been discontinued.[1][3][4][10]

Order of precedence[edit]

The position of the Jack Hindon Medal in the official order of precedence was revised twice after 1975 to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first with the integration into the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994 and again with the institution of a new set of awards on 27 April 2003, but it remained unchanged on both occasions.[1][2]

Official SANDF order of precedence
Official national order of precedence

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Jack Hindon Medal is an oval bronze medal, to fit in a circle 38 millimetres in diameter, and depicts three Burghers raising the Vierkleur flag on top of Spioenkop after the Boer victory over British forces in 1900, during the Second Boer War. It is inscribed "JACK • HINDON" at the top and "MEDALJE • MEDAL" at the bottom.[6]

Reverse

The reverse has the pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms.

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide and yellow, with green bands 4½ millimetres wide on the edges and a green band 1 millimetre wide in the centre.

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the decoration was discontinued in 1975 and the Danie Theron Medal (DTM), hitherto reserved for officers, became available for all ranks in the Commandos.[3][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Republic of South Africa Government Gazette no. 15093, Pretoria, 3 September 1993
  2. ^ a b c d e Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  3. ^ a b c South African Medals Website - Post-nominal Letters
  4. ^ a b c South African Medals Website - SA Defence Force : 1975-2003
  5. ^ Fforde, J.P.I. & Monick, S. A guide to South African Orders, Decorations and Medals and their ribbons 1896-1985. p. 18. 
  6. ^ a b c d e South African Medals Website - SA Defence Force : 1952-1975
  7. ^ Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1952-1975
  8. ^ Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1975-2003
  9. ^ Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 457, no. 25213, Pretoria, 25 July 2003
  10. ^ Alexander, E.G.M., Barron, G.K.B. and Bateman, A.J. (1986). South African Orders, Decorations and Medals. Human and Rousseau.