|Date of birth||21 June 1920|
|Place of birth||Bridgend, Wales|
|Date of death||18 July 2012(aged 92)|
|Height||1.61 m (5 ft 3 in)|
|Weight||93 kg (205 lb)|
|School||Bridgend County School|
|University||Welsh National School of Medicine|
|Rugby union career|
|Years||Club / team|
Cardiff Medicals RFC
|Years||Club / team||Caps||(points)|
Jack Matthews, OBE (21 June 1920 – 18 July 2012) was a Welsh physician and rugby union international centre who played first-class club rugby for Cardiff and Newport. Along with Bleddyn Williams, Matthews formed a centre partnership which is regarded as one of the finest in the game. He was also a devastating tackler, once described as “a cross between a bulldozer and a brick wall”. Matthews won 17 caps for Wales and six with the British Lions, though his career was curtailed by the Second World War. Matthews was a general practitioner by profession and travelled with the 1980 Lions on their tour of South Africa as the team doctor.
Born in Bridgend, South Wales in 1920, Matthews attended Bridgend County School before matriculating to the Welsh National School of Medicine. From a youth he was a keen sportsperson, and in 1937 he won the Welsh AAA junior 220 yards title. A year later, after spending three seasons in the Welsh Secondary Schools rugby team, he played in a senior Wales trail, at just eighteen years old. In 1939 he came second in the Senior Men's AAA 100 yards and third in the 220 yards.
Second World War
With the outbreak of the Second World War, Matthews applied to join the Royal Air Force, but was required to train as a doctor at the Welsh School of Medicine. Matthews was later commissioned into the Royal Army Medical Corps. Bleddyn Williams, an RAF trainee and later Matthew's centre partner for Wales, played with Matthews for the first time whilst stationed in South Wales. The duo were part of a South Wales team that faced an Ack Ack XV in 1942. Williams was later switched to and trained as a glider pilot, attached to the Glider Pilot Regiment.
Whilst stationed at RAF St Athan air base in the Vale of Glamorgan in 1943, Matthews fought future world champion Rocky Marciano in an amateur boxing match. Marciano famously ended his career having won every professional match he fought in, but Matthews held him to a draw.
Before winning his first cap, Matthews took part in five Victory Internationals for Wales, including the win over France in which he was captain. Matthews played 17 Tests for Wales and six for the British and Irish Lions on their 1950 tour of New Zealand and Australia. He was the team doctor for the 1980 British Lions tour to South Africa, and was a medical doctor by profession. Matthews played centre for Wales and Cardiff - forming one of the greatest midfield pairings Wales has ever had with Bleddyn Williams.
After the war, Matthews married Valerie and the couple went on to have two sons, Peter and Robin. Valerie died in 1996.
Matthews continued his connection with sport after retiring from playing rugby. He maintained links with boxing, becoming the medical officer to the Welsh Boxing Association. He was also chosen to be the medical doctor for the 1980 British Lions tour of South Africa.
Despite his close links with rugby, Matthews showed an uncomprimising stance in his views on how the game should be played. In 2004 he publicly attacked Sir Clive Woodward's coaching methods before the 2005 British and Irish Lions tour to New Zealand. In the 1981 Queen's Honours Birthday List, he was awarded the OBE.
- "Obituaries:Dr Jack Matthews". Daily Telegraph. 29 Oct 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- Hignal (2007) p.112
- Jenkins (1991) p.107
- Gallagher, Brendan (8 March 2008). "Dr Jack Matthews, Bleddyn Williams are heroes". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "Rocky's little-known Welsh connection". BBC. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Hignal (2007) p.113
- "Lions in public war of words". icWales.co.uk. 4 August 2004. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
- Dagnall, Andrew (22 February 2009). "Lions legend Jack Matthews is left speechless by a stroke". Wales on Sunday (WalesOnline.co.uk). Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- "Dr Jack Matthews Wales rugby legend dies". BBC News. 18 July 2012.
- Hignall, Andrew; Prescott, Gwyn (2007). Cardiff: Sporting Greats. Stroud: Stadia. ISBN 978-0-7524-4286-0.
- Jenkins, John M. et al. (1991). Who's Who of Welsh International Rugby Players. Wrexham: Bridge Books. ISBN 1-872424-10-4.
- Smith, David; Williams, Gareth (1980). Fields of Praise: The Official History of The Welsh Rugby Union. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0766-3.
- Thomas, Wayne (1979). A Century of Welsh Rugby Players. Ansells Ltd.
- "Personnel Profile - Jack Matthews". blackandambers.co.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2007.