Jack Oakie

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Jack Oakie
Jack Oakie Tina Louise The New Breed 1961.JPG
Oakie and actress Tina Louise in an episode of The New Breed, 1961.
Born Lewis Delaney Offield
(1903-11-12)November 12, 1903
Sedalia, Missouri, U.S.
Died January 23, 1978(1978-01-23) (aged 74)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting place
Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale
Occupation Actor
Years active 1923–1971
Spouse(s) Victoria Horne (1950-1978)
Venita Varden (1936-1945)

Jack Oakie (November 12, 1903 – January 23, 1978) was an American actor, starring mostly in films, but also working on stage, radio and television.

Early life[edit]

Jack Oakie was born as Lewis Delaney Offield in Sedalia, Missouri. His father was a grain dealer and his mother a psychology teacher.[1] When he was five years old the Offield family moved to Muskogee, Oklahoma, the source of his "Oakie" nickname.[1] His adopted first name, Jack, was the name of the first character he played on stage. Young Lewis/Jack grew up mostly in Oklahoma but also lived for periods of time with his grandmother in Kansas City, Missouri. While there he attended Woodland Elementary and made spending money as a paperboy for The Kansas City Star. He recalled years later that he made especially good money selling "extras" in November, 1916 during the reelection of President Woodrow Wilson.[1]

Early career[edit]

Oakie worked as a runner on Wall Street, New York, and narrowly escaped being killed in the Wall Street bombing of 16 September 1920. While in New York, he also started appearing in amateur theatre as a mimic and a comedian, finally making his professional debut on Broadway in 1923 as a chorus boy in a production of Little Nellie Kelly by George M. Cohan.

Oakie worked in various musicals and comedies on Broadway from 1923 to 1927, when he moved to Hollywood to work in movies at the end of the silent film era. Oakie appeared in five silent films during 1927 and 1928. As the age of the "talkies" began, he signed with Paramount Pictures, making his first talking film, The Dummy, in 1929.

Film career[edit]

When his contract with Paramount ended in 1934, Oakie decided to freelance. He was remarkably successful, appearing in 87 films, most made in the 1930s and 1940s. In the film Too Much Harmony (1933), the part of Oakie's on-screen mother was played by his real mother Mary Evelyn Offield. During the 1930s he was known as "The World's Oldest Freshman", as a result of appearing in numerous films with a collegiate theme. He was also known for refusing to wear screen make-up of any kind, and the frequent use of double-take in his comedy. Oakie was quoted[2] as saying of his studio career:

The pictures I made were called the bread and butter pictures of the studio. They cost nothing and made millions, and supported the prestige productions that cost millions and made nothing.

Oakie is probably most notable for his portrayal of Benzino Napaloni, the boisterous dictator of Bacteria, in Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator (1940), for which he received an Oscar nomination for the Best Supporting Actor Award. This role was a broad parody of the fascist dictator of Italy, Benito Mussolini.

Television and radio[edit]

Not being limited by a film studio contract, Oakie branched into radio and had his own radio show between 1936 and 1938.

Late in his career he appeared in various episodes of a number of television shows, including The Real McCoys (1963, three times as Uncle Rightly), Breaking Point (Episode #22 A Child of the Center Ring,1964), Daniel Boone (1966), and Bonanza (1966).

Personal life[edit]

Oakie was married twice. His first marriage to Venita Varden in 1936 ended in 1938 when Venita got an interlocutory decree of divorce. They reconciled, but ultimately got finally divorced in 1944. (She died in 1948 in the crash of United Airlines Flight 624 at Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania).

Oakie's second marriage was to actress Victoria Horne in 1950, with whom he lived at "Oakridge" until his death in 1978.

Jack Oakie died on 23 January 1978 in Los Angeles, California at the age of 74 from an aortic aneurysm. His remains were interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale (top of the hill, Whispering Pines section), in Los Angeles County.

Oakridge estate[edit]

Jack and Victoria Oakie lived their entire married life at "Oakridge", their 11-acre (45,000 m2) estate at 18650 Devonshire Street (just west of Reseda Boulevard) in Northridge, a suburb of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley. They acquired the former "Marwyck" estate of actress Barbara Stanwyck in 1950. Stanwyck commissioned the original residence designed by Paul Williams. Oakie planted a citrus orchard and bred Afghan Hounds, at one time having up to 100 dogs on the property.

Victoria Oakie continued to live there after her husband's death and bequeathed the estate to the University of Southern California, which sold it to developers. After two failed attempts to develop the property, Oakridge was acquired by the City of Los Angeles in December, 2009 <Northridge West Neighborhood Council Bulletin, June 19, 2010>. Oakridge is considered to be one of the last remnants of the large Northridge equestrian estates, famed for former thoroughbred breeding. The city plans to use the property as a park and community event center. The Paul Williams house and the grounds are Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #484.[3][4][5]

Legacy[edit]

In 1981, the "Jack Oakie Lecture on Comedy in Film" was established as an annual event of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. At the inaugural presentation, Oakie was described as "a master of comic timing and a beloved figure in the industry."[6]

Jack Oakie's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is at 6752 Hollywood Boulevard, and his hand and footprints can be found at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.

A small display celebrating the comedy and fame of Jack Oakie is at Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, California. There is a plaque in the ground in front of the home where he was born in Sedalia, Missouri.

Jack Oakie is mentioned in the Coen Brothers film Barton Fink, which is set in Hollywood during the 1940s.

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1923 His Children's Children
Big Brother Bit Part (uncredited)
1924 Classmates Bit Part (uncredited)
His Darker Self Minor Role (uncredited)
1928 Road House Sam
Someone to Love Michael Casey
Finders Keepers B.B.Brown
The Fleet's In Searchlight Doyle
1929 Chinatown Nights Johnny
Fast Company Elmer Kane
Sweetie Tap-Tap Thompson
Hard to Get Marty Martin
Street Girl Joe Spring (USA title: Barber John's Boy)
The Man I Love Lew Layton
Close Harmony Ben Barney
The Wild Party Al
The Dummy Dopey Hart
Sin Town "Chicken" O'Toole
1930 Sea Legs Searchlight Doyle
Let's Go Native Voltaire McGinnis
The Sap From Syracuse Littleton Looney (aka The Sap from Abroad from Abroad)
Paramount on Parade Himself (as one of the MC's of the film)
The Social Lion Marco Perkins
Hit the Deck Bilge
1931 Touchdown Babe Barton (UK title: Playing the Game)
Dude Ranch Jennifer
June Moon Frederick Martin Stevens
The Gang Buster "Cyclone" Case
1932 If I Had a Million Pvt. Mulligan
Uptown New York Eddie Doyle
Madison Sq. Garden Eddie Burke
Once in a Lifetime George Lewis
Million Dollar Legs Migg Tweeny
Sky Bride Alec Dugan
Dancers in the Dark Duke Taylor
1933 Alice in Wonderland Tweedledum
Sitting Pretty Chick Parker
Too Much Harmony Benny Day
College Humor Barney Shirrel
The Eagle and the Hawk Mike Richards
Sailor Be Good Kelsey Jones
From Hell to Heaven Charlie Bayne
1934 College Rhythm Francis J. Finnegan
Shoot the Works Nicky Nelson (UK title: Thank Your Stars)
Murder at the Vanities Jack Ellery
Looking for Trouble Casey
1935 King of Burlesque Joe Cooney
The Big Broadcast of 1936 Spud Miller
The Call of the Wild Shorty Hoolihan
1936 That Girl from Paris Whammo Lonsdale
The Texas Rangers Henry B. "Wahoo" Jones
Florida Special Bangs Carter
Colleen Joe Cork
Collegiate (UK title: Charm School) Jerry Craig
1937 Hitting a New High Corny Davis
Fight for Your Lady Ham Hamilton
The Toast of New York Luke
Super-Sleuth Willard "Bill" Martin
Champagne Waltz Happy Gallagher
1938 Thanks for Everything Brady
Annabel Takes a Tour Lanny Morgan (aka Annabel Takes a Trip Takes a Trip)
The Affairs of Annabel Lanny Morgan
Radio City Revels Harry Miller
1940 Little Men Willie the Fox
Tin Pan Alley Harry Calhoun
The Great Dictator Benzino Napaloni Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Young People Joe Ballantine
1941 Rise and Shine Boley Bolenciecwcz
Navy Blues Cake O'Hara
The Great American Broadcast Chuck Hadley
1942 Iceland Slip Riggs (UK title: Katina)
Song of the Islands Rusty Smith
1943 Wintertime Skip Hutton
Hello Frisco, Hello Dan Daley
Something to Shout About Larry Martin
1944 Bowery to Broadway Michael O'Rourke
The Merry Monahans Pete Monahan
Sweet and Low-Down Popsy
It Happened Tomorrow Uncle Oscar Smith aka Gigolini
1945 On Stage Everybody Michael Sullivan
That's the Spirit Steve "Slim" Gogarty
1946 She Wrote the Book Jerry Marlowe
1948 When My Baby Smiles at Me Bozo
Northwest Stampede Mike Kirby (Clem)
1949 Thieves' Highway Slob
1950 Last of the Buccaneers Sgt. Dominick
1951 Tomahawk Sol Beckworth (UK title: Battle of Powder River)
1956 Around the World in Eighty Days Captain of the Henrietta
1959 The Wonderful Country Travis Hyte
1960 The Rat Race Mac, Owner of Macs Bar
1961 Lover Come Back J. Paxton Miller

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jack Oakie (1980). Jack Oakie's Double Takes. Strawberry Hill Press. ISBN 0-89407-019-3.  Autobiography published posthumously by Oakie's widow on 1 January 1980. 240 pages.
  • Victoria Horne Oakie (1994). "Dear Jack": Hollywood birthday reminiscences to Jack Oakie. Strawberry Hill Press. ISBN 978-0-89407-113-3.  Letters of congratulation and reminiscence sent from almost 150 celebrities to Jack Oakie in celebration of his 70th birthday. Compiled & edited by Mrs Oakie to commemorate his 90th birthday. 140 pages.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Christensen, Lawrence O.; Foley, William E., Kremer, Gary R. (1999). Dictionary of Missouri Biography. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. p. 578. 
  2. ^ Jack Oakie biography at the Internet Movie Database website. Accessed 16 June 2007.
  3. ^ Book description for Jack Oakie's Oakridge at Amazon.com. Accessed 16 June 2007.
  4. ^ "City of Los Angeles Acquires Historic Oakridge Estate" (PDF). City of Los Angeles, Department of City Planning, Office of Historic Resources. July 2010. p. 5. Retrieved November 6, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Historic-Cultural Monument (HCM) List" (PDF). City of Los Angeles, Department of City Planning, Office of Historic Resources. August 9, 2010. Retrieved November 6, 2010. 
  6. ^ "The Jack Oakie Lecture on Comedy in Film" at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences website. Accessed 16 June 2007.

External links[edit]