Jack Taylor (referee)

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Jack Taylor
Jack Taylor - referee.jpg
Full name John Keith Taylor
Born (1930-04-21)21 April 1930
Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England, UK
Died 27 July 2012(2012-07-27) (aged 82)
Shropshire, England, UK
Other occupation Butcher
International
Years League Role
1963–1977 FIFA listed Referee

John Keith "Jack" Taylor, OBE (21 April 1930 – 27 July 2012) was an English football referee, famous for officiating in the 1974 FIFA World Cup Final during which he awarded two penalties in the first 30 minutes.[1] The first of these penalty kicks, awarded after just a minute of play, created World Cup history – it was the first penalty kick ever awarded in a World Cup final.

Refereeing career[edit]

Taylor served as a referee for 33 years, taking charge of more than 1,000 games, over 100 international fixtures played in 60 countries; Taylor first refereed at the FIFA World Cup in 1970, taking charge of a group game between Italy and Sweden. He was again selected for the 1974 tournament for which he became most noted (see below).

He took charge of several major club competition finals: Firstly, in 1966, when he officiated the FA Cup Final between Everton and Sheffield Wednesday, followed by the 1971 European Cup Final between AFC Ajax and Panathinaikos, both staged at Wembley Stadium.[2]

Taylor was inducted into the FIFA Hall of Fame on 1 February 1999 in Barcelona.[2] On 25 September 2013, he became the first referee inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame.[3]

1974 World Cup Final[edit]

Taylor was fortunate[citation needed] to be awarded the final between hosts West Germany and the Netherlands since there had been a nomination for Scotland's Bob Davidson to referee the final. However, at the 11th hour, Taylor's appointment was assured for the Munich-staged final.

The kick off had to be delayed when Taylor spotted the ground staff had forgotten to put the corner flags out on the pitch. They had been removed to accommodate the closing ceremony which took place before the final. After just a minute of play he created World Cup history when he awarded a penalty kick, the first ever awarded in a World Cup final. The Netherlands were given a penalty after Uli Hoeneß threw himself into a challenge just on the right edge of the German penalty area, felling Johan Cruyff; it was successfully converted by Johan Neeskens.

In the 26th minute, he awarded a second penalty, this time to West Germany, penalising Dutch midfielder Wim Jansen for tripping German left midfielder Bernd Hölzenbein.

Taylor has said of the incidents: "The first penalty wasn't difficult to call. All I remember is thinking it was a 100% correct decision. As the ball went on the spot the whole stadium went quiet. Beckenbauer, the German skipper, came to me and said 'Taylor, you're an Englishman'. The kick went in and there was complete euphoria."

"What really does annoy me is the suggestion that I gave [the second penalty] to even things up. It was a trip or an attempted trip and the laws of the game are that's a penalty."

Personal life[edit]

Taylor grew up above the butcher's shop next to Wolverhampton Wanderers' Molineux home.

After closing his butcher's shop he spent two seasons refereeing in Brazil before returning to England to become Commercial Director at Wolverhampton Wanderers in 1979. He was sacked in August 1982 when a new consortium took charge of the club. Taylor later became a refereeing coach in South Africa and Saudi Arabia.

He died at his Shropshire home on 27 July 2012, aged 82.[4]

Quote[edit]

Nick Owen in his column in the Luton Town programme refers to one of Taylor's favourite anecdotes. Taylor was hit by a flying penny thrown from the crowd as he left the pitch after one match at Kenilworth Road. It cut his face and he had to have six stitches. Fan and director of Luton Town Eric Morecambe went to see him to ask if he was OK and to make sure he wasn't going to report Luton. When Taylor confirmed he wasn't, Morecambe replied "Good, now can I have my penny back?".[4]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
1970
East Germany Rudi Glöckner
FIFA World Cup Final
match referee

1974
Succeeded by
1978
Italy Sergio Gonella
Preceded by
1970
Italy Concetto Lo Bello
European Cup Final
match referee

1971
Succeeded by
1972
France Robert Helles
Preceded by
1965
W. Clements
FA Cup Final
match referee

1966
Succeeded by
1967
Ken Dagnall