Jack Tunney

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Jack Tunney
Jack Tunney.jpg
Born John Tunny, Jr.
1935
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Died January 24, 2004(2004-01-24) (aged 68)
Waterdown, Ontario, Canada
Parents John Tunney, Sr.
Relatives Frank Tunney (uncle), Eddie Tunney (cousin)

John "Jack" Tunney, Jr. (1935 – January 24, 2004) was a Canadian wrestling promoter. Tunney was known worldwide for his appearances on World Wrestling Federation television as the promotion's figurehead president, suspending wrestlers, stripping them of titles, and ordering matches. Tunney's tenure was during the company's initial worldwide popularity boom in the 1980s, the peaking days of "Hulkamania".

Personal life[edit]

Jack was born in in 1935 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He had three younger siblings who largely stayed out of the Wrestling business.

Tunney met his wife Ann in the fourth grade, and they had two daughters. Ann died in 1991.

Queensbury Athletic Club/Maple Leaf Wrestling[edit]

Early life[edit]

In 1930, Jack Corcoran, setup Toronto's Queensbury Athletic Club (QAC, later known by the unofficial name of Maple Leaf Wrestling), along with Jack's father, John Tunney Sr., his uncle, Frank Tunney and Toots Mondt.

On November 19, 1931, Queensbury Athletic Club opened wrestling at Maple Leaf Gardens, and attracted 15,800 people to see world champion Jim Londos in the main event.

The promotion controlled the entire Toronto "territory", meaning what they didn't promote, they still had control over, allowing small promoters to run small towns where it suited them.

Corcoran was reported to have caught pneumonia in March 1939, and Toots Mondt ran the Gardens show on March 16, which featured a world title bout between Jim Londos and local star Vic Christie.

The following week, it was announced that Corcoran passed the reins to his assistants, John and Frank Tunney. Older brother John Tunney had become the head matchmaker/promoter and quickly signed Wild Bill Longson, Lou Thesz, and Bronko Nagurski to make their first Toronto appearances.

The Tunney's brought the worlds greatest wrestlers to Maple Leaf Gardens, which he owned all pro wrestling rights to and showcased countless world title matches and the great feuds of the day.

In 1940, at age 32, John Tunney died suddenly of a heart attack, after a bout of influenza, and Frank became the sole promoter.

In December 1942, Frank Tunney presented his first tag team match (Whipper Billy Watson & Earl McCready vs. John Katan & Al "Bunny" Dunlop), which he later claimed was the first tag team match in North America.

In 1950, 1950 - The NWA World Title was defended for the first time at the Maple Leaf Gardens, where reigning Champion Lou Thesz defeated Whipper Watson by count-out. The Title would be defended at MLG a total of 132 times between 1950-1984 including five occasions where the title changed hands.

Working for his Uncle[edit]

In 1952, Jack entered into employment with the promotion, working alongside Frank, Norm Kimber, Frank Ayerst, Ed Noonan, and wrestlers Whipper Billy Watson and Pat Flanagan, as they promoted all over southern Ontario. The offices were across the street from the famed Maple Leaf Gardens (Later, Jack Tunney ran his operation out of the Gardens itself).

On March 16, 1956, the first title change to take place in Maple Leaf Gardens happened when Whipper Billy Watson defeated Lou Thesz, ending Thesz's near 7 year reign. Thesz again lost the NWA World Heavyweight Championship again at the Maple Leaf Garden on November 14, 1957 Thesz lost the strap to Dick Hutton.

In 1960, Frank Tunney replaced Sam Muchnick at the NWA's helm, for a year, as president. He also went on to serve as a vice president to Vince McMahon Sr. in the WW(W)F as well as having close ties with Japanese promoters. This meant non-stop action in the Gardens every two weeks or so.

On Jan 24, 1963, a classic match at the Gardens directly led to the WWWF being formed after the great Lou Thesz beat then world champ Buddy Rogers and was declared champion. After the event, however, Northeastern promoter Vincent J. McMahon refused to recognize the title change and withdrew his operation from the NWA, becoming the World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF, now WWE) with Rogers as the star performer. The WWWF recognized Rogers as its first world champion in April 1963.

Through the years, there were never any serious threats to Tunney's position as ruler of pro wrestling in Toronto. Several promoters ran shows at smaller venues in the area, often with Tunney's blessing or indifference. But in the 1970s, there were two notable attempts by other promoters to run big-venue shows in Toronto.

Dave McKigney, a successful promoter outside Toronto and at smaller sites within the city, tried running a show at Varsity Arena in September 1971 with Tony Parisi booked in the main event. Tunney quickly scheduled a Gardens show directly against it. Parisi was a no-show and began working for Tunney the following week. According to the newspapers, the McKigney show drew 700 fans while Tunney got 15,500 at the Gardens.

History repeated itself five years later. George Cannon and Milt Avruskin had built strong awareness of their promotion in Toronto through a TV show broadcast on Global and taped at the Global studios in Don Mills. They tried to parlay that visibility into running a big-venue show at the CNE Coliseum, but once again Tunney moved quickly to book a Gardens show on the same day. The Toronto Star reported that only 600 people showed up for Cannon's show. The promotion moved to Montreal not long after.

Shared Allegiances[edit]

In 1977, the Tunneys began looking for a partnership since their major draw, the Sheik, was nearing the end of his popularity.

In 1978, While still utilising some talent from other promotions, Frank entered into a partnership with Charlotte, North Carolina-based promoter Jim Crockett, Jr., who ran NWA-affiliated Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling in the Carolinas. The arrangement was largely facilitated by George Scott, a key executive with Crockett who had been a preliminary wrestler for Tunney from 1950-1956, who became a partner in the Toronto promotion. Ric Flair became the dominant local attraction.

Due to their influence at the time, and despite joining forces with Jim Crockett, Maple Leaf Wrestling did not become a one company promotion. Frank continued to pull off his share of promotional coups and, for the first few years, it wasn't unusual to see two world title matches on the same card during this time, as American Wrestling Association (AWA) and WWWF stars continued to perform in the city. The first Gardens card with Crockett's talent featured a historic match between WWWF champ Bob Backlund against then AWA champ Nick Bockwinkel. This kind of match was fairly rare with only a few cases of two promotions matching their respective world champs against each other. The show also included with a classic Steamboat vs. Flair match, both making their Toronto debuts, for the NWA U.S. Title on the undercard.

In 1978, along with presenting top wrestlers from the U.S., The Tunney's launched the Canadian title and used it to turn Dewey Robertson and Angelo Mosca into local babyface heroes and main event stars.

In 1980, the Tunney's presented shows in Buffalo for the first time, working in alignment with the WWF who had the rights to the arena. The first shows prove somewhat successful drawing over 8,000 fans. The Tunney's would continue with sporadic shows in Buffalo over the next couple of years.

In the early 80's, rivalries between the various promotions made it difficult to bring talent from different factions together.

Jack takes over[edit]

On May 10, 1983, Frank Tunney died, after which Jack and his cousin Eddie Tunney (Frank's son) took control of the promotion. With the years of experience under his belt, Jack moved into the spotlight his uncle loved, as the frontman for the promotion, while Eddie had a low public profile, as his silent partner.

Jack made an immediate impact on his own. The name Maple Leaf Wrestling became the common place name for the Queensbury Athletic Club. He also promoted two large summer outdoor shows at the CNE Exhibition Stadium, dubbed Night Of Champions and Return Of The Champions. The shows would feature 11 title defences and were main evented by NWA Title defenses by Harley Race against Ric Flair.

Aligning with the World Wrestling Federation[edit]

When the promotional wars heated up between Crockett and Vince McMahon's World Wrestling Federation, Crockett felt he could no longer spare his top wrestlers for shows in Toronto, sending his B-team as attendance at the Gardens plummeted. Crockett's relationship with the promotion had become strained. He held a distrust of Tunney who persistently utilised talent from other promotions, including the WWF. Furthermore, George Scott, still a partner in the Toronto promotion, had chosen to leave Jim Crockett Promotions due to a pay dispute and was now a booker for the WWF. The Toronto cards got progressively weaker through 1983-84, dwindling down to audiences of 3,000 for some shows. Johnny Weaver was the primary booker for the shows, with Leo Burke and his brothers as the lead heels, along with Don Kernodle, when the top Crockett stars were no longer available.

Jack decided he no longer wanted to promote cards with a mix of WWF, NWA, and other wrestling talent and decided to switch allegiances from the NWA and aligned himself with Vince McMahon's WWF, promoting only WWF cards north of the border. This made Toronto one of the first former NWA strongholds to jump to the WWF, starting a trend that would continue through the 1980s.

After a 34-year run, the NWA title—which had made its Gardens debut in January 1950—made its final appearance in the building in May 1984. Whatever nostalgic feelings long-time fans had for the old days, the McMahon-Tunney alliance and Hulkamania captured a whole new audience, attracting sell-out crowds to the Gardens and drawing over 65,000 people to Exhibition Stadium in 1986 and 68,000 to SkyDome for Wrestlemania VI in 1990 to see Hulk Hogan lose the WWF title to the Ultimate Warrior.

In June 1984, barely a year since they had taken over the Queensbury Athletic Club from his late uncle Frank, Jack, with Frank's son Eddie, transferred controlling interest of the promotion to the WWF in a maneuver which officially made Toronto a WWF city.

Consequences[edit]

For Canadian Wrestling promotions, the effect was lasting. The Canadian wrestling scene was struggling at the time, with attendance low. As critics had feared it would, the union between Tunney and McMahon crushed many other wrestling promotions in Canada. Soon, wrestling promotions across Canada fell on hard times as Tunney helped McMahon take over their territories. All-Star Wrestling in Vancouver closed down. The AWA stopped performing in Manitoba. Stu Hart's Stampede promotion began eroding until he too was forced to sell to McMahon (and later starting up again for a few years). Grand Prix, out of Montreal, fought Tunney, but also eventually succumbed. Dave McKigney's Big Time Wrestling couldn't make a go of it due to Tunney's pressuring of Ontario's Boxing & Wrestling Commission to make insurance too expensive for the little guys. New territories, such as Newfoundland were opened up by Lyons and Zarlenga, but could not compete with a WWF machine, consistently setting new attendance records.

For the WWF, moving into the struggling Canadian market, by promoting events at the Maple Leaf Gardens every month, was part of an unheard of and risky national business model, which stretched the company. However, the move made enormous business sense and was instrumental in consolidating WWF's power base in Canada, keeping their competitors out of key Canadian markets, well into the 1990s. With the Gardens locked up by the WWF, the AWA held a show at the CNE Coliseum in December 1989 that drew what remains the smallest crowd ever in the city for a show from major promotion, just 200 people. World Championship Wrestling (WCW), the successor to Crockett, ran three shows at the Coliseum in 1990 with better results, but not good enough to keep Toronto on their schedule. On April 1, 1990 Jack Tunney and Vince McMahon set the stage for WrestleMania VI the very first wrestling event at the brand new Toronto SkyDome. The event set a one day attendance record for the SkyDome of 67,982. WCW came back in 1993 and drew about 4,000 to SkyDome, and then made a big return to Toronto with two well-attended shows at the Air Canada Centre in 1999 before the promotion fizzled out.

For Maple Leaf Wrestling, critics feared the new partnership would make Toronto just another stop on the WWF circuit. The highest title in the territory, the Canadian Heavyweight Championship (going all the way back to the 30s) was abandoned (although it was resurrected in 1998 and continues to be recognized to this day in the Canadian independent scene). The Maple Leaf Wrestling name continued to be used for the federation's Canadian TV program (a staple of Hamilton station CHCH-TV for many years), which the WWF took over production of after the Tunneys split from the NWA. TV tapings for the show were held in Brantford and other cities in southern Ontario for the next two years, until the WWF ceased the tapings in 1986 and decided to simply use the Maple Leaf Wrestling name for the Canadian airings of WWF Superstars of Wrestling (with some Canadian footage, such as updates by on-air announcer and former wrestler Billy Red Lyons, and special matches taped at Maple Leaf Gardens, added in). There were several sellouts of 18,000 at the Gardens with the WWF crew, but the city's (and, at the time, world's) attendance record was shattered by the show at CNE Stadium on August 28, 1986 which drew 65,000 people, with a gate of over $1 million. At this time, Maple Leaf Wrestling basically ceased to exist. Gone were the days of homegrown talent supplemented by a steady stream of World Champions and stars from all corners of the globe to be replaced by the oncoming Hulkamania.

For the Tunney Family, the move led to a new level of reverence. In 1987, The WWF held an event called the "Frank Tunney Memorial Tag Team Tournament" (the NWA had held a similar event honoring Jim Crockett Sr.) in March 1987. They credited Tunney with bringing tag team matches to North America. The tournament was won by the Killer Bees (Jim Brunzell & B. Brian Blair).

For Jack Tunney, this move made him extremely influential and forged his lasting legacy:

  • Tunney was made the chief WWF Promoter for Canadian tours (the position later taken by Carl Demarco).
  • Tunney was also made the president of Titan Sports Canada, the WWF's Canadian corporate presence, after McMahon began operating under that entity in late 1989.
  • Jack Tunney and his cousin Eddie Tunney retained a one-third stake in the Maple Leaf Wrestling promotion, with George Scott holding one-sixth (until 1987).
  • Tunney still controlled the booking of Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto to a large extent, and also covered southern Ontario and Buffalo, NY.

Due to his new position, Jack, along with his associates Billy Red Lyons and Elio Zarlenga, would usually promote 40 or more WWF shows per year, making him a very important man in the expansion of the WWF, to the status that it enjoys today.

Billy Red Lyons, the longtime wrestling star from Dundas, Ont., who worked as a WWF television commentator at the time of the deal said: ″The timing was perfect, Vince (McMahon) had started to make his move all over the United States. He had big ideas and everybody thought he was just crazy, but not Jack. He saw what kind of an opportunity it was. Thank God the WWF did come in here because the business was dead in Toronto. Local wrestling cards had been drawing just 3,000 a night while the WWF was on the cusp of a popularity explosion when Tunney latched on.″

As the figurehead president (September 1984 - July 12, 1995)[edit]

In the summer of 1984 (in part to present Canadian fans with a familiar face as the WWF tried to expand northward) the WWF named Tunney its new figurehead "president" (a similar role to that of current WWE general managers) on the company's television programs, replacing Hisashi Shinma. Tunney filled this role for over a decade (while the 80's "Hulkamania" boom, was at its peak). This made Tunney known to fans in the United States and elsewhere.

The title was ceremonial only to provide an authority figure to announce major decisions on television, as Tunney held no backstage power beyond that of a regional promoter; as such, his main roles were that of a storyline authority figure, to make matches, arbitrate disputes between wrestlers and announce major decisions or events on television. Still, he was thrown onto TV whenever a major decision had to be announced and his hard nosed way of doing things earned him the nickname "The Hammerhead". His on-air decisions were portrayed as legitimate in storylines.

As the on-screen President, Tunney "oversaw" many key moments and some of his major television appearances included:

  • 1986 - Suspending André the Giant from competition after he failed to show for a series of matches.[1] The last being a match in which Andre was supposed to team with Hillbilly Jim against Big John Studd and King Kong Bundy. Bobby "the Brain" Heenan was upset and asked Tunney to suspend him, which he did. Heenan later claimed that Andre was competing as the masked "Giant Machine," and was told by Tunney that if Andre was proven to be one of The Machines, Andre would be suspended for life. (The angle regarding Andre's absence was to give Andre some much needed time off, due to a tour of Japan and to tend to health problems he was starting to experience.)
  • On "Piper's Pit," reading proclamations and giving trophies to Hulk Hogan and André the Giant (for being WWF Heavyweight Champion for three years and attaining a 15-year undefeated streak, respectively). In one of these he unveiled a new Heavyweight Belt, which was said to be long enough for Andre's waist, as requested by his new manager Bobby Heenan. These appearances were part of an angle foreshadowing Andre's heel turn and set up the main event match at WrestleMania III.
  • January 26, 1987 - Suspending referee Danny Davis "for life plus ten years" after officiating a match where Davis allowed The Hart Foundation to use illegal double-team maneuvers before defeating the British Bulldogs for the WWF Tag Team Championship.[1][2] He had already officiated a series of controversial matches where he favored the heels[1] for which Tunney had forced an apology from Davis, which included the line "…even though I don't mean it".
  • Later in 1987, in response to the kidnapping of the British Bulldogs canine mascot Matilda, indefinitely suspending The Islanders until Matilda was found. The Islanders, as part of an angle, kidnapped Matilda during a match to heat up their feud.
  • February 5, 1988, during another Hulk Hogan versus Andre The Giant match. Dave Hebner was supposed to be the referee, but it turned out that Ted DiBiase had paid off Dave's twin brother, Earl, to screw Hogan out of the Title. At one point, Andre had Hogan pinned and, although Hogan had a shoulder up, a three count was recorded anyway. Dave came to the ring and argued with his brother. Andre ended up handing the belt to DiBiase.
  • Several times, Tunney's presence was known even off-camera. One such example was, as part of an angle involving the Andre-Hogan match aired on The Main Event. As the Superstars of Wrestling program that aired February 6, 1988 was produced prior to the airing of The Main Event (where Andre's title win was booked to take place), a side storyline was contrived to have Tunney place a "gag order" on announcers and commentators from discussing the events surrounding the Andre-Hogan match. Heel color commentator Jesse "the Body" Ventura attempted to bring up the subject several times but was censored each time, upsetting him so much that he left the broadcast booth toward the end of the show.
  • Stripping "The Million Dollar Man" Ted DiBiase of the WWF Heavyweight Championship after acquiring the title from new champion André the Giant in exchange for a huge financial payoff. Tunney, who also refused to return the title to Hogan by voiding Andre's controversial pinfall win, declared the championship vacant and announced a 14-man tournament to compete for the held-up championship at WrestleMania IV. The WWF Heavyweight Championship tournament was eventually won by "Macho Man" Randy Savage, who defeated Dibiase in the final round.
  • 1988 - Tunney was rarely involved in physical confrontations with wrestlers. One exception was when Bad News Brown confronted Tunney on the set of "The Brother Love Show" and demanded a WWF title shot against then-champion Savage. When Brown began implying that Tunney and Savage's manager Miss Elizabeth were involved in an affair (suggesting that Elizabeth was "doing favors" for Tunney to protect Savage from sure defeat), Tunney began scolding Brown for making such a claim, poking his finger in his chest to assert his authority. Brown then grabbed Tunney by his necktie and warned him never to touch him again.
  • 1989 - Jack Tunney banned "Rugged" Ronnie Garvin from refereeing. Garvin was portraying a referee after losing a retirement match to Greg Valentine, but during matches, he would fight with the wrestlers who would not listen to his orders. Despite warnings by Tunney, Garvin punched Valentine during his match against Jimmy Snuka, which led to him being banned from refereeing.
  • 1990 - He reversed The Rockers' shock tag title win at an Indiana house show to justify WWF writers ignoring the switch on TV.
  • April 1, 1990 - The peak of Tunney's WWF reign was WrestleMania VI at Toronto's SkyDome. The first WrestleMania held outside of the U.S., the show drew over 67,000. In the main event The Ultimate Warrior (The Intercontinental champion) cleanly pinned Hulk Hogan to win the WWF World Title, and Tunney announced on television there would be no rematch.
  • April 15, 1990 on Wrestling Challenge - Jack Tunney announces that the Intercontinental title is vacant since one man cannot defend both titles. Tunney then sets up a tournament for the title.
  • 1990 - Restricting Demolition to two active members following the 1990 Survivor Series. (This action was announced to explain the departure of Bill Eadie, who performed as the "third" Demolition member Ax, from the WWF.)
  • Late 1990 - Suspending Rick Rude for making some crude remarks about the Big Bossman's mother for several weeks, culminating in four minutes of "Boss Man's Mama" jokes. Finally, Tunney had had enough and fired him. In reality, the suspension explained Rude's departure from the WWF over a dispute
  • February 1991 - Tunney named Hulk Hogan as the number one contender for the WWF Heavyweight Title. Hogan would defeat Sargent Slaughter to win the WWF Heavyweight Title for the third time at Wrestlemania VII.
  • Fall of 1991 - Distorting the "Real World" title belt of Ric Flair in televised promos when he began performing for the WWF.
  • 1991 - Tunney became embroiled in a feud between the retired Randy "Macho Man" Savage (As a result of his loss to the Ultimate Warrior at Wrestlemania VII) and Jake "the Snake" Roberts. Jake ruined the wedding party of the Macho Man and Elizabeth after SummerSlam 1991. Macho Man petitioned to be reinstated and the public wanted to see Savage get revenge on Roberts, but Tunney released a statement saying that he was taking the matter "under advisement". Savage nearly got involved in Survivor Series 1991, but in the midst of a scuffle in the ring, Roberts allowed a venomous king cobra to bite the arm of Randy Savage while Savage was restrained in the ropes. Tunney prohibited Jake "The Snake" Roberts from bringing his snake to the ring and officially reinstated Savage in time for a match at the Tuesday in Texas pay-per-view. Savage would defeat Roberts at this event and Tunney escorted Roberts from ringside, following the post-match beatdown of Savage and slapping Miss Elizabeth's face.
  • On December 3, 1991 - At Tuesday in Texas, Tunney watched the Hulk Hogan-Undertaker heavyweight title match from ringside to ensure a "fair match". Toward the end of the match, Ric Flair came down and got into an argument with Tunney who was watching the match from ringside. Hogan grabbed a chair and hit Flair in the back with it. Flair fell into Tunney and they both went down. Hogan used the ashes from the Undertaker's urn to blind the Undertaker and rolled him up to win back the WWF Heavyweight Title. In the aftermath, Tunney stripped Hogan of the title and declared that the championship would be filled by the winner of the 1992 Royal Rumble.
  • January 25, 1992 - At the "Royal Rumble", Ric Flair[1] entered at number three and lasted over an hour to become champion. Following the match, WWF President Jack Tunney held a press conference, where he declared Hogan the top contender who would face Flair for the WWF Championship at Wrestlemania VIII. Sid Justice, who was also in attendance and began standing up as if Tunney were about to proclaim him the top contender, was outraged and termed the announcement "the most bogus act Jack Tunney has ever pulled off" which helped facilitate his heel turn.
  • June 2, 1993 - Tunney granted Bret Hart entry into the King of the Ring (1993) tournament without requiring him to win a qualifying match. This was consolation for a result of Hart's controversial loss to Yokozuna at Wrestlemania IX.
  • In September 1993 - Jack Tunney announced that he was stripping Shawn Michaels of the WWF Intercontinental Championship for not defending the title often enough. There have been reports that in reality, he had been suspended for testing positive for steroids (a charge he never admitted) and that Michaels refused to drop the belt. Michaels left the WWF for around a month.
  • In the buildup to Summerslam 1993 - Tunney ruled that Lex Luger couldn't use his forearm in his match against Yokozuna unless he wore a protective pad. The point of contention was a steel plate inside Luger's arm, which opponents claimed was a weapon used to increase the force of his forearm smash finisher; Tunney said the plate was part of Luger's body. At the event, Luger won by countout when he used his forearm to knock Yokozuna out of the ring, and Yokozuna couldn't answer the 10 count. As a result Yokozuna retained the WWF Heavyweight Title.
  • Summerslam 1993 - Tunney came to the ring and had Howard Finkel announce that Jerry Lawler would be given a lifetime ban if he refused to compete in the scheduled match. Lawler, however, appeared on crutches and claimed that he had been injured in a car accident. He announced that his court jester, Doink the Clown (portrayed by Matt Osborne), would wrestle Hart in his place.
  • In the summer of 1994, he forced Lawler to apologize to Duke Droese for "demonstrating such a brutal amount of violence".
  • In early 1994, one of his final major appearances came in the aftermath of the Royal Rumble — both Bret "the Hitman" Hart and Luger simultaneously eliminated each other, and two debating referees failed to agree on a winner — Tunney declared Bret Hart and Luger co-"winners"[1] of the 1994 Royal Rumble after it could not be determined whose feet hit the floor first. Modifying a stipulation of the Royal Rumble match's outcome, both men would be granted separate matches vs. WWF Heavyweight Champion Yokozuna for the title at WrestleMania X. On the WWF Monday Night Raw aired the week after the Royal Rumble, Tunney declared that a coin toss would determine whether Luger or Hart would get to first wrestle WWF Heavyweight Champion Yokozuna at WrestleMania X for the title. (A championship match at WrestleMania was the prize given to the Royal Rumble match winner.) Luger won the coin toss and the right to face Yokozuna first.
  • June 16, 1994 - Made a brief (and increasingly rare) live appearance for the coronation ceremony of the 1994 King Of The Ring, Owen Hart. Owen gives Tunney the brush-off so that Neidhart could crown him.

Leaving WWF[edit]

In the 1990s, Tunney's appearances on television and live events grew less frequent.

On July 12, 1995, McMahon chose to run the shows in Toronto without any involvement from the Tunneys and Jack was forced out of the WWF, retired and disappeared from the wrestling scene.[3] Following Tunney's departure, Gorilla Monsoon was given the role of on-screen WWF President. This was the end of the Tunney line of Toronto wrestling promoters.

On September 17, 1995, the final WWF show was held at the Gardens and the 64-year affiliation of pro wrestling and Maple Leaf Gardens ended, since Jack took with him the exclusive rights to wrestling at the Maple Leaf Gardens.

Wrestling would return to Toronto on August 24, 1996, with a show held outdoors at Exhibition Stadium drawing 21,211 fans.[4]

In 1997, WWF was still unable to run shows at Maple Leaf Gardens, and instead held a Monday Night Raw taping on January 31, 1997, at the SkyDome. [5]

In 1999, after the 98-99 NHL season, Maple Leaf Gardens closed entirely, and the WWF could return to regular arena shows at the new Air Canada Centre which opened in the fall of 1999.[6]

Death[edit]

On January 24, 2004, at the age of 68, Jack died of a heart attack in his sleep, at a home in Waterdown, Ontario, after a sudden illness.[3]

Posthumous Legal battle[edit]

After Jack Tunney's death in 2004, there was some discussion of whether North Carolina-based promoter Jim Crockett was ever a partner in the Toronto office.

In Canada, during most of the 1970s and the early 1980s, there was a law called the Foreign Investment Review Act (FIRA) which regulated the foreign ownership of Canadian companies. In November 1980, the Canadian Press reported that the government had approved the creation of a new business called Frank Tunney Sports Promotion, which was co-owned by Frank Tunney Sports Ltd., Jim Crockett Promotions Inc., and 410430 Ontario Ltd., said to be based in Hamilton.

The owner of the numbered corporation wasn't identified (it would be a matter of public record, but you have to pay a service charge to access Ontario corporate records), but Hamilton native George Scott is thought to have been the third partner. He continued to own a part of the office after the affiliation with McMahon and is said to have received a large settlement after he was pushed out of that partnership.

Recent Mentions[edit]

  • March 30, 2009 at Wrestlemania XXV - In an attempt to justify his controversial place in the inaugural "Miss WrestleMania" 25-woman battle royale, Santina Marella stated "I may have been denied entry into the WrestleMania Diva Battle Royal-a by Vickie Guerrero. But: It's okay. I went above her head all da way to the top to WWE president Jack Tunney! And he was very... okay, well apparently he passed away several years ago. But regardless, I will be heard."
  • August 22, 2011 - CM Punk mentioned him in a promo during RAW. Talking to Alberto Del Rio, Punk stated that has a problem with Del Rio, HHH, Nash and maybe even Jack Tunney trying to screw him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE Encyclopedia. DK. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-7566-4190-0. 
  2. ^ "Hart Foundation's first reign". WWE. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  3. ^ a b "What's going down: Elsewhere". Power Slam Magazine (Lancaster, Lancashire, England: SW Publishing LTD). March 2005. pp. 6–7. 116. 
  4. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/96.htm
  5. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/97.htm
  6. ^ http://www.theaircanadacentre.com/about/index.asp