Jack Wong Sue
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|Jack Wong Sue|
12 September 1925|
Perth, Western Australia
|Died||16 November 2009
Perth, Western Australia
|Service/branch||Royal Australian Air Force|
|Years of service||1943–1946|
|Unit||Z Special Unit|
|Awards||Medal of the Order of Australia
Distinguished Conduct Medal
Jack Wong Sue OAM, DCM, JP (12 September 1925 – 16 November 2009), also known as Jack Sue, was a Chinese Australian from Perth, Western Australia. Wong Sue served as a member of the commando/special reconnaissance section, Z Special Unit, during the Second World War and was decorated with the Distinguished Conduct Medal. After the war, Wong Sue was a businessman, owning a diving store in the Perth suburb of Midland. He was also an author, a guide for tours of Borneo and a musician, who performed with bands in Perth for about 60 years.
On 25 September 1943, Wong Sue joined the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). During 1945, Wong Sue was among members of Z Special Unit who landed in Borneo, as part of Operation Agas 3. He reached the substantive rank of Leading Aircraftsman, but acted as a Sergeant for an extended period and was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM).
In 2010, Australian military historian Lynette Silver disputed claims made by Wong Sue in his memoirs and said that official archives prove that he "lied". In particular, she questioned Wong Sue's claims that he:
- single-handedly killed a group of Japanese soldiers at Terusan, Borneo in May 1945, thereby saving the life of Lieutenant Don Harlem, as there were no enemy personnel in the area at the time;
- took part in a raid on the Japanese garrison at Pitas on 13 June 1945, as he is not named in records of the action, and;
- witnessed the last Sandakan Death March as he was in hospital when it occurred and was elsewhere when the other marches took place.
Return to civilian life
Wong Sue was discharged from the RAAF on 21 January 1946, after which he returned to Perth and subsequently opened a retail store devoted to diving equipment in Midland, the first such store in Western Australia.
His published works include two books published circa 2001: a memoir of his military service, Blood on Borneo, and a collection of anecdotes regarding a 1963 shipwreck, Ghost of the Alkimos. In 2006, Wong Sue was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia, "For service to the community, particularly through the preservation and recording of military and maritime history." He died in a Perth hospice, aged 84, on 16 November 2009.
- Agas is a Malay word for "gnat". Agas 3 was also known as Phase IV of Operation Stallion. Ooi Keat Gin, "Prelude to invasion: covert operations before the re-occupation of Northwest Borneo, 1944–45", Journal of the Australian War Memorial (No. 37, October 2002)
- "WW2 Nominal Roll, WONG SUE, JACK". Australian Government. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- "It's an Honour website". Australian Government. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- Rod Moran (2010-07-10). ""Historian casts doubt on war hero's record", The West Australian". Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- Phillips, Yasmine (16 April 2011). "Jack Sue did not fabricate his wartime heroics, says his son". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
- World War II hero dies, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 16 November 2009.
- Lynette Ramsay Silver Fraudulent Military Service: Jack Wong Sue, a behind-the-lines agent who claimed, among other things, to have witnessed the last of the three infamous Sandakan death marches, despite the fact that at the time of the march he was thousands of kilometres away at a secure allied base being treated for, and recovering from, a life-threatening illness.
- Jack Sue WA Skindivers (business homepage)
- Herald Sun obituary
- pacificwrecks.com, "Jack Wong Sue 'Z' Force AKA 13"
- World War 2 Nominal Roll, "WONG SUE, JACK"