Jackal-wolf hybrid

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jackal-wolf hybrid
Canis lupus & Canis aureus.jpg
Conservation status
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species: C. lupus x C. aureus

The jackal-wolf hybrid is a canid hybrid resulting from a union between a gray wolf and a golden jackal. Although hybridization between wolves and golden jackals has never been observed, evidence of such occurrences was discovered through mtDNA analysis on jackals in Senegal[1] and Bulgaria.[2] Although there is no genetic evidence of gray wolf-jackal hybridization in the Caucasus Mountains, there have been cases where otherwise genetically pure golden jackals have displayed remarkably gray wolf-like phenotypes, to the point of being mistaken for wolves by trained biologists.[3]


  1. ^ Gaubert P, Bloch C, Benyacoub S, Abdelhamid A, Pagani P, et al (2012). "Reviving the African Wolf Canis lupus lupaster in North and West Africa: A Mitochondrial Lineage Ranging More than 6,000 km Wide". PLoS ONE 7 (8): e42740. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042740. PMC 3416759. PMID 22900047. 
  2. ^ Moura, Andre E., et al (2013). "Unregulated hunting and genetic recovery from a severe population decline: the cautionary case of Bulgarian wolves". Conservation Genetics 14. doi:10.1007/s10592-013-0547-y. 
  3. ^ Kopaliani, N. et al. (2014), "Gene Flow between Wolf and Shepherd Dog Populations in Georgia (Caucasus)", Journal of Heredity, 105 (3): 345 DOI: 10.1093/jhered/esu014