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|Cultural origins||Chicago, Illinois|
|1983-1989, underground Midwestern United States (music, dance)
early 2010s, England, United Kingdom (music)
Jacking or Jackin', the term by which the form is more commonly known, is a dance technique and music form that first became popular in the late 1980s as one of the myriad music forms which arose from the last days of disco. Though there continues to be some dispute as to a single absolute stylistic origin, "Jacking" music and dance most likely came from the multicultural roots in the early underground Chicago house. Both concepts of Jacking have their origins in various African and types of Latino and Hispanic dance culture, with a fair amount of influence from early European and American disco culture.
Originally Jacking's two most prominent divergent forms, the Chicago Jacking scene is link to other styles Chicago house music like Acid house and deep house. while the European Jacking form trended slightly towards a tribal "hard house" underground, punk and house scenes. The dancing and music forms of jacking itself were sexually charged in its earliest forms, with couples (often two men or two women) grinding their pelvises together. Jackin's style merged with many dance styles popular during the early American acid house scene and UK House scenes.
When referring to house dancing this word has taken on a slightly more specific and somewhat less sexual meaning. Jacking is a dance technique that comes from moving the torso forward and backward in a rippling motion, as if a wave were passing through it. When this movement is repeated and sped up to match the beat of a song it is called jacking, or "the jack." This technique is arguably the most important movement in house dance because it is the foundation that initiates more complex movements and footwork. Jacking has also permeated many other divergent forms of house and freestyle broken beat music and dance. Just as house music itself grew from the disco tradition, so too, did jacking's dance develop from the self-expressive styling of disco dancing. Unlike partner ballroom type dance forms such as the waltz and foxtrot, Jacking is considered a freestyle dance.
Jacking's early exportation from the U.S. to Europe spawned a repatriation of sorts in the early 1990s, along with the spread of house. Janet Jackson's "Rhythm Nation" and Madonna's "Vogue" are two quintessential jackin beats that had massive crossover pop appeal, the main difference between these pop songs and jackin' beat being a slight, "popped up" slowing down of both meter and lyrics to make them more palatable to a mainstream audience. Like most jackin' moves, however, both singers' corresponding videos featured highly stylized, "hard" motion choreography which characterized both singers' careers in the '90s.
More recently, some well known House artists like Stacy Kidd and Jamiroquai have made use of Jack beats, often incorporating them into house tracks. Jacking tracks like hip-house artist Peven Everett's dance-friendly hit "Stuck" are soulful, housed-up lyrics and rhythms over a relatively straightforward Jack beat. Much growth of the current underground American Jack beat scene has occurred in the Acid and Deep house / Soulful house veins, where jack rhythms are often fused with the deeper, polyrhythmic melodies from Afro-Cuban Jazz and WorldBeat genres. Many of these jacking-influenced tracks and jack hybrid rhythms are often listed under Soulful House, Deep House, or in cases where disco or even neo-soul melodies are used, Rare Grooves.
American, European and other worldwide mainstream audiences have the most contact with jack music and dance forms in contemporary prime time productions of the myriad dance shows like America's Best Dance Crew. Other more highly stylized forms of the dance have found their way into house and break sessions of all kinds all over the world, with many performing dance performing art magnets incorporating both jack music into more traditional styles of modern dance.
Resurrection in UK
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In late 2010, early 2011, 'Jackin' house' made a huge comeback across the North of England, and the Midlands, events such as Insomnia, Hectik (Leeds, Bradford & Manchester), 2:31 (Birmingham), Swagger (Wakefield) (which has also received moderate success with the 'Volume 14' Swagger album being played on the 25 March episode of EastEnders) drawing huge numbers with the bouncy bass driven house music which had coined the name 'Jackin' House' was on the rise and has slowly begun to spread over the United Kingdom, being featured on BBC Radio 1, BBC Radio 1Xtra, Rinse FM (London) and established Jackin', House & Bass DJ, Hannah Wants from Wolverhampton playing at the Creamfields festival. Other notable DJ's, MC's and Producers include, Lorenzo, Ross McDonald, Ko Kane, Tom Zanetti, ILL PHIL, Nick Hannam, Ryan James, Francois, DJ Direct, Mr Limey, Louis Benton, Marcus Nasty, Aggz, Mc Sim, Bryn Owen, Jamie G amongst others.
- Reynolds, Simon. "Generation Ecstasy: Into the World of Huoue music and Rave Culture." Routledge, 1999. pp. 1025-1039.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (February 2013)|
- The House Dance Project
- Lawrence Liner Notes
- A History of House Dancing
- "Time to Jack"