Jackson, Alabama

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Not to be confused with Jackson County, Alabama. ‹See Tfd›
Jackson, Alabama
City
Nickname(s): The Pine City
Location in Clarke County and the state of Alabama
Location in Clarke County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 31°31′18″N 87°53′28″W / 31.52167°N 87.89111°W / 31.52167; -87.89111
Country United States
State Alabama
County Clarke
Area
 • Total 15.8 sq mi (41.0 km2)
 • Land 15.6 sq mi (40.5 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 236 ft (72 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,228
 • Density 334/sq mi (129.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 36501, 36515, 36545
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-38152
GNIS feature ID 0151874
Website cityofjacksonal.com

Jackson is a city in Clarke County, Alabama, United States. The population was 5,228 at the 2010 census.[1] It is one of three wet settlements in an otherwise-dry county.[2]

Geography[edit]

Jackson is located along the western border of Clarke County at coordinates 31°31′16″N 87°53′28″W / 31.521°N 87.891°W / 31.521; -87.891, on a rise overlooking east bank of the Tombigbee River. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 square miles (41.0 km2), of which 15.6 square miles (40.5 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2), or 1.21%, is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,419 people, 2,094 households, and 1,507 families residing in the city. The population density was 358.7 people per square mile (138.5/km²). There were 2,341 housing units at an average density of 155.0 per square mile (59.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.42% White, 38.49% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population.

There were 2,094 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,806, and the median income for a family was $45,516. Males had a median income of $43,558 versus $21,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,346. About 15.3% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Jackson was founded in 1816 and is named after President Andrew Jackson. Former names for the city include Pine Level and Republicville.

During the Civil War, a Confederate fort was established on the banks of the Tombigbee River. It was named Fort Carney and was positioned on Carney's Bluff just south of Jackson. The cannon that was on the bluff now sits in front of City Hall.

Jackson has four sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. They are the Jackson Historic District, Clarke Mills, Doit W. McClellan Lustron House, and J. P. McKee Lustron House.[4]

During World War II, a prisoner-of-war camp was built and operated holding 253 captured German soldiers on Ocre Avenue.[5] The camp was opened April 6, 1945 and closed March 12, 1946.[6] Many of the prisoners were members of the Afrika Korps.[6]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Jackson is driven chiefly by the timber industry. Boise Cascade has a large paper mill that is the largest employer located in the city.[7]

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jackson city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.abc.alabama.gov/wet_dry.aspx
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  5. ^ "Welcome to Clarke County Pamphlet" (PDF). Clarke County Development Foundation. June 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  6. ^ a b Clarke County Historical Marker, N31°31’53.6”W087°53’28.8”
  7. ^ "Clarke County, Alabama Industry". 
  8. ^ "Antonio Chatman". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°31′18″N 87°53′28″W / 31.521685°N 87.891113°W / 31.521685; -87.891113