Jackson County, Alabama

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Jackson County, Alabama
Jackson County Courthouse, Scottsboro, Alabama.jpg
Jackson County courthouse in Scottsboro, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1819
Named for Andrew Jackson
Seat Scottsboro
Largest city Scottsboro
Area
 • Total 1,126.77 sq mi (2,918 km2)
 • Land 1,078.74 sq mi (2,794 km2)
 • Water 48.02 sq mi (124 km2), 4.26%
Population
 • (2010) 53,227
 • Density 49/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.jacksoncountyal.com

Jackson County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of Andrew Jackson, general in the United States Army and President of the United States of America. As of the 2010 census, the population was 53,227.[1] The county seat is Scottsboro. Jackson County is a prohibition or dry county, however three cities within the county (Bridgeport, Scottsboro, and Stevenson) are wet. Jackson County covers parts of former Decatur County.

History[edit]

Jackson County was established on December 13, 1819.

Geography[edit]

Map of Jackson County showing census subdivisions

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,126.77 square miles (2,918.3 km2), of which 1,078.74 square miles (2,793.9 km2) (or 95.74%) is land and 48.02 square miles (124.4 km2) (or 4.26%) is water.[2] Much of it is located in the Appalachians.

Of special interest is Russell Cave National Monument, which is located in Doran Cove, approximately 5 miles west of the town of Bridgeport. Russell Cave is an important archaeological site that was excavated in 1956 by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society. An article in the October 1956 issue of National Geographic Magazine proudly proclaims: "Life 8,000 Years Ago Uncovered in an Alabama Cave." The article was written by Carl F. Miller, the Expedition Leader and is on pages 542-558. Russell Cave was declared a National Monument in May 1961 by President John F. Kennedy. The Monument consists of 310 acres (1.3 km2) of land donated by the National Geographic Society.

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 8,751
1830 12,700 45.1%
1840 15,715 23.7%
1850 14,088 −10.4%
1860 18,283 29.8%
1870 19,410 6.2%
1880 25,114 29.4%
1890 28,026 11.6%
1900 30,508 8.9%
1910 32,918 7.9%
1920 35,864 8.9%
1930 36,881 2.8%
1940 41,802 13.3%
1950 38,998 −6.7%
1960 36,681 −5.9%
1970 39,202 6.9%
1980 51,407 31.1%
1990 47,796 −7.0%
2000 53,926 12.8%
2010 53,227 −1.3%
Est. 2012 53,019 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 53,926 people, 21,615 households, and 15,822 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 24,168 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.89% White(non-Hispanic), 3.74% Black or African American, 1.75% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census[5] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Jackson County were English 69.1%, Scots-Irish 5.21%, Scottish 4.67%, and African 3.74%.

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

There were 21,615 households, out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. Nearly 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47, and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,020, and the median income for a family was $38,082. Males had a median income of $29,777 versus $20,990 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,000. About 10.30% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated[edit]

Unincorporated[edit]

Politics[edit]

While most of North Alabama has become solidly Republican, Jackson County remains a stronghold of the Democratic Party (which is not to say the residents are liberals; see Dixiecrat and Southern Democrat). Up until November 2012, there are no elected Republicans in local Jackson County Government. In that year's general election, two Republicans were elected to the Jackson County Commission--the first Republicans to serve on the Commission since Reconstruction.[6] In the, 2004 Presidential Election, Jackson County voted for Republican George W. Bush over Democrat John Kerry. It was the first time Jackson County voters chose a Republican presidential candidate over a Democrat since 1972.

The trending Republican has continued since 2004. In 2008 John McCain won the county with 67.7% of the vote.[7] In 2010 Republican gubernatorial candidate Robert J. Bentley received 56% of the vote,[8] Republican House candidate Mo Brooks received 55% of the vote,[9] and incumbent Senator Richard Shelby received 70% in the county.[10] Although in 2010 Democratic politicians continued to win in Jackson on some of the more local races.[11]

The current Jackson County Commission is headed by Chairman Matthew Hodges.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Elections map for 2008 at the New York Times
  8. ^ CNN Election Center 2010
  9. ^ CNN Election Center 2010
  10. ^ CNN Election Center 2010
  11. ^ Alabama news site

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°47′N 86°0′W / 34.783°N 86.000°W / 34.783; -86.000