Jackson County, Oklahoma

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Jackson County, Oklahoma
Jackson courthouse.jpg
Jackson County Courthouse in Altus, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Seat Altus
Largest city Altus
Area
 • Total 804 sq mi (2,083 km2)
 • Land 803 sq mi (2,079 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.18%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 26,237
 • Density 33/sq mi (13/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website jackson.okcounties.org

Jackson County is a county located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,446.[1] Its county seat is Altus.[2] According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, the county was named for two historical figures: President Andrew Jackson and Confederate General Stonewall Jackson.[3] Another source states only that the county was named for the former President.[4]

History[edit]

After a dispute over the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819, both the governments of the United States and the state of Texas claimed ownership of some 1,500,000 acres (6,100 km2) in what was then operated as Greer County, Texas. Litigation followed, and in the case of United States v. State of Texas 162 U.S. 1 (1896), issued on March 16, the Supreme Court, having original jurisdiction over the case, decided in favor of the United States. Greer County was then assigned to the Oklahoma Territory on May 4, 1896, and when Oklahoma became a state, in addition to becoming Jackson County, the region was also further split into Greer, Harmon, and part of Beckham counties.

Altus was originally designated as the seat of Jackson County. Olustee vied in an unsuccessful bid to replace Altus as the seat in an election on July 18, 1908.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 804 square miles (2,082.4 km2), of which 803 square miles (2,079.8 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.18%) is water.[5]

Most of the county is within the Red Bed Plains physiographic region. The western part lies in the Gypsum Hills and the northeastern part is in the Wichita Mountains. The county is drained by the Red River and its tributaries, the North Fork of the Red River and the Salt Fork of the Red River.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 23,737
1920 22,141 −6.7%
1930 28,910 30.6%
1940 22,708 −21.5%
1950 20,082 −11.6%
1960 29,736 48.1%
1970 30,902 3.9%
1980 30,356 −1.8%
1990 28,764 −5.2%
2000 28,439 −1.1%
2010 26,446 −7.0%
Est. 2012 26,237 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 28,439 people, 10,590 households, and 7,667 families residing in the county. The population density was 35 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 12,377 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.14% White, 8.03% Black or African American, 1.74% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 9.34% from other races, and 3.42% from two or more races. 15.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,590 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 19.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,737, and the median income for a family was $38,265. Males had a median income of $28,240 versus $19,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,454. About 13.60% of families and 16.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.70% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[8]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 6,190 51.77%
  Republican 4,585 38.35%
  Unaffiliated 1,182 9.88%
Total 11,957 100%


Economy[edit]

The county's economy has been based on farming and livestock since its inception. The major crops include cotton, wheat, corn, alfalfa, and hay. Barley and sorghum became major crops in the late 1940s. Livestock consisted of horses, cattle, mules, swine and sheep. Altus Air Force Base is the county's largest non-farm employer. There were 16 manufacturers in the county by 2000. These included Altus Athletic Manufacturing and the Luscombe Aircraft Manufacturing plants, the Bar-S Foods Company, and the Republic Gypsum plant.[3]

Education[edit]

The Western Oklahoma State College (WOSC) and the Southwest Technology Center, both in Altus, offer higher education opportunities in Jackson County.[3]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[9]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 74.80% 6,719 25.20% 2,264
2004 75.89% 7,024 24.11% 2,232
2000 68.53% 5,591 30.82% 2,515

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Jackson County."
  4. ^ Oklahoma Historical Society. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma", Chronicles of Oklahoma Vol. 2 No.1 (March 1924) 75-82. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  9. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°35′N 99°25′W / 34.59°N 99.41°W / 34.59; -99.41