Jackson Lake

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For the Doctor Who character, see Jackson Lake (Doctor Who).
For the lake in Georgia, see Jackson Lake (Georgia).
Jackson Lake
Colter bay boats 20100822 080110 1.jpg
Jackson Lake from Colter Bay
Location Grand Teton National Park, Teton County, Wyoming, US
Coordinates 43°54′02″N 110°40′26″W / 43.90056°N 110.67389°W / 43.90056; -110.67389Coordinates: 43°54′02″N 110°40′26″W / 43.90056°N 110.67389°W / 43.90056; -110.67389[1]
Type Moraine-dammed lake and dam
Primary inflows Snake River
Primary outflows Snake River
Basin countries United States
Max. length 15 mi (24 km)
Max. width 7 mi (11 km)
Surface area 25,540 acres (10,340 ha)[2]
Max. depth 438 ft (134 m)
Surface elevation 6,772 ft (2,064 m)
Islands Over 15 including Elk Island, Donoho Point

Jackson Lake is in Grand Teton National Park in northwestern Wyoming.[3] This natural lake was enlarged by the construction of the Jackson Lake Dam, which was originally built in 1911, enlarged in 1916 and rebuilt by 1989.[4] The top 33 ft (10 m) of the lake is utilized by farmers in Idaho for irrigation purposes. The lake is the remnant of large glacial gouging from the neighboring Teton Range to the west and the Yellowstone Plateau to the north.[5] The lake is primarily fed by the Snake River, which flows in from the north and empties at Jackson Lake Dam. Jackson Lake is one of the largest high altitude lakes in the United States, at an elevation of 6,772 ft (2,064 m) above sea level. The lake is up to 15 mi (24 km) long, 7 mi (11 km) wide and 438 ft (134 m) deep. The water of the lake averages below 60 °F (16 °C), even during the summer.[6]

Numerous species of fish inhabit the lake including nonnative brown and lake trout and the native Snake River fine-spotted cutthroat trout and mountain whitefish.[7]

There are over 15 islands in the lake, including the largest, Elk Island, and Donoho Point.

John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway is located near the northern end of Jackson Lake and extends to the south entrance of Yellowstone National Park. This roadway combines with the roads in Grand Teton National Park that follow the eastern side of the lake, and provides access for boating and fishing. There are several marinas and lodges along the eastern shore such as Leeks marina, Colter Bay Village, Jackson Lake Lodge and Signal Mountain Lodge. All of these except Jackson Lake Lodge have boat access points and ramps. The western shore of Jackson Lake is primitive, with only hiking trails and a handful of primitive campground spots.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jackson Lake". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  2. ^ Keller, Lynn (2010). "Grand Teton National Park Geologic Resources Inventory Report" (pdf). National Park Service. p. 19. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  3. ^ Topoquest (USGS Quads). Colter Bay, WY (Map). http://www.topoquest.com/map.php?lat=43.89345&lon=-110.67857&datum=nad83&zoom=32&map=auto&coord=d&mode=zoomout&size=m. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  4. ^ "Minidoka Project". U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. May 11, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  5. ^ "Park Geology". Geology Fieldnotes. National Park Service. January 4, 2005. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  6. ^ Lomax, Becky (July 6, 2010). Yellowstone & Grand Teton Camping. Avalon Travel Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-59880-577-2. 
  7. ^ "Fish". Nature and Science. National Park Service. December 1, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-25.