Jackson Memorial Hospital
|Jackson Memorial Hospital|
|Location||Miami, Florida, United States|
County-owned and operated
|Affiliated university||University of Miami
Florida International University
|Emergency department||Level I trauma center|
|Lists||Hospitals in the United States|
Jackson Memorial Hospital (also known as "Jackson" or abbreviated "JMH") is a non-profit, tertiary care teaching hospital and the major teaching hospital of the University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine in Miami, Florida. It is located in the Miami neighborhood of the Civic Center and is owned and operated by Miami-Dade County through the Public Health Trust, and is supported by Miami-Dade County residents through a half-cent sales tax.
Located in the Civic Center, in the Northwest quadrant of the intersection of I-95 and FL-836, the hospital is the center of a thriving medical center that includes the Miami VA Medical Center, the University of Miami Hospital (formerly Cedars of Lebanon Medical Center), and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, with its numerous research affiliates and laboratories - including the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, the UM/Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute and Anne Bates Leach Eye Hospital, the Diabetes Research Foundation and the National Parkinson Foundation. The Miami-Dade Justice Center and Miami-Dade County Jail are also within a few blocks of the hospital. It is readily accessible via the Civic Center Station of the Miami MetroRail.
It is the third-largest public hospital and third-largest teaching hospital in the United States. With more than 1,550 beds, it is a referral center, a magnet for research and home to the Ryder Trauma Center - the only Level 1 Adult and Pediatric trauma center in Miami-Dade. Jackson Memorial is the centerpiece of the Jackson Health System, operated by the Miami-Dade County Public Health Trust. The Jackson Health System also includes Jackson North Medical Center (formerly Parkway Regional Medical Center) in North Miami, which is the teaching hospital of the new Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Jackson South Community Hospital (formerly Deering Hospital) in Perrine, FL, Holtz Children's Hospital, Jackson Rehabilitation Hospital and Jackson Mental Health Hospital.
Rankings and awards 
In 2007, four University of Miami specialties Jackson Memorial Hospital were ranked among the best in the country by U.S. News & World Report. The University of Miami Bascom Palmer Eye Institute was ranked as the best Ophtalmologic center in the U.S. Jackson Memorial's Ear, Nose and Throat was ranked 17th, while the digestive disorders and kidney disease programs were ranked 32nd. JMH is home to Holtz Children's Hospital, which has 254 licensed beds and cares for children—newborn to 21 years old—with everything from common ailments to multi-organ transplants. Holtz was ranked among the top hospitals in treating child kidney disorders.
The UM/Jackson Memorial Burn Center is a regional referral center.
Denial of partner access 
In 2007, Jackson denied a lesbian, Janice Langbehn, access to her partner of 17 years as she was dying of an aneurism. Langbehn also claimed that Jackson refused to take medical information about her partner from Langbehn, and ignored a power of attorney sent via fax to the hospital's trauma center.
A lawsuit was filed against the hospital as a result. Jackson stated that, "it has no obligation to allow their patients' visitors nor any obligation whatsoever to their patients’ families, healthcare surrogates, and visitors." The presiding judge, Adalberto Jordan, dismissed the case, stating that Langbehn had no relief under Florida law. Jordan found that Langbehn had not been "denied the right to make any medical decision on behalf of" her partner.
Two days after Jackson's announcement, in part as a result of Langbehn's story, President Barack Obama issued a memorandum ordering hospitals receiving Medicare and Medicaid funding to allow patients to decide who can visit them and prohibit discrimination, including sexual orientation and gender identity. President Obama also called Ms. Langbehn on the same day, expressing his sorrow for the events. The rule went into effect on January 2011. According to Langbehn, the hospital has not apologized for the denial of visitation.
Other notability 
- Bob Marley died here on May 11, 1981.
- On July 15, 1997, fashion icon Gianni Versace was declared dead at Jackson Memorial Hospital, following a shooting in front of his Ocean Drive mansion, the Casa Casuarina, in Miami Beach.
- The owner of two Subway franchises located inside Jackson Memorial Hospital came up with selling foot-long subs for a lower price at his two stores on the weekends in 2004, to help spur business. It eventually led to the Subway $5 footlong promotion, which was launched nationally in 2008 and became Subway's most successful promotion ever, influencing other businesses.
- On November 27, 2007, former University of Miami and Washington Redskins football star Sean Taylor was declared dead at Jackson Memorial Hospital, following a shooting of Taylor in his Miami-area home.
- On 29th May 2011 the singer Sean Kingston was taken to the Jackson Memorial Hospital after being involved in a Jet Ski accident with a female passenger. He was discharged on the 24th of June.
- On June 7, 2012, 16-year-old Yasser Lopez made national news when he successfully underwent a delicate 3-hour neurosurgical operation to remove a spear that a speargun had fired into his skull when it was accidentally discharged during a fishing trip; 3 feet of the spear protruded from the wound above his eye socket, and that part had to be specially cut off so he could get a brain X-ray. Miraculously, no major blood vessels were harmed and the only impairments thus far are amnesia for the period during and around the event, which is somewhat normal, and some sluggishness in a hand.
- The hospital appeared in fictional form in the Jeffrey Archer short story, "Where There's a Will" published in And Thereby Hangs a Tale (2010).
- "Holtz Children's Hospital Ranked among the Best Children's Hospitals by U.S.News & World Report". Jackson Memorial Medical Center. June 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- Sheryl Gay Stolberg (April 15, 2010). "Obama Widens Medical Rights for Same-Sex Partners". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- "Lacey woman helped inspire Obama's new visitation rule". KOMO-TV. 16 April 2010. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- Fellow, Avery (12 October 2009). "Judge Says Hospital Can Deny Lesbian Visitation". Courthouse News Service. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- Court asked to reject bid to dismiss lesbian’s case against Fla. hospital
- "Federal Court Dismisses Lambda Legal’s Lawsuit Against Jackson Memorial Hospital on Behalf of Deceased Lesbian’s Family". Lambda Legal Defense Fund. September 29, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- Christi Parsons and Kathleen Hennessey (April 16, 2010). "Obama orders most hospitals to grant gays visitation rights". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- Baim, Tracy (2010-09-12). Obama and the Gays: A Political Marriage. Obama and the Gays. p. 329. ISBN 978-1-4538-0171-0. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "Sean Kingston 'stable' after jet ski crash", The Guardian, May 31, 2011