Jackson Tower in 2011,
viewed from the southwest
|Former names||The Oregon Journal Building
Block 180 (Lots 7 and 8)
|Location||806 SW Broadway
|Antenna spire||57.3 m (188 ft)|
|Roof||49 m (161 ft)|
2 below ground
|Floor area||4,793 m2 (51,590 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Reid & Reid|
Portland Historic Landmark
|Architectural style||Beaux Arts|
|NRHP Reference #||96000995|
|Added to NRHP||July 12, 1996|
Jackson Tower, formerly The Oregon Journal Building is a 12-story, 57.3 m (188 ft) glazed terra-cotta historic office building in downtown Portland, Oregon. Located on the corner of Broadway and Yamhill Streets, it enjoys a prominent location adjacent to Pioneer Courthouse Square.
The building was constructed to house the operations of the now-defunct Oregon Journal. The Journal occupied the structure from its completion in 1912 until July 4, 1948, when the newspaper moved to the larger quarters of the former Portland Public Market building on the Portland waterfront. In 1951, the structure was renamed Jackson Tower to honor the newspaper's founder, Charles Samuel Jackson. The impressive clock tower results from the common practice, at that time, of newspapers' integrating such structures into their headquarters. Additionally, 1,800 light bulbs illuminate the tower after dark. There were originally 2,400.
The Jackson Tower was renovated in 1972, and placed on the National Register of Historic Places (as the Journal Building) in 1996. The base of the building measures 100 ft × 100 ft (30 m × 30 m). The north portion of the ground floor has housed Margulis Jewelers for several decades.
Each of the 1,800 light bulbs screw directly into the facade. In addition to the tower's illumination, at one time the clocks used to chime every 15 minutes, but the bells were moved to the Journal's new building on the waterfront in June 1948. Each clockface is 12.5 feet in diameter.The clock itself does not currently function as of summer 2011.
- "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. June 6, 2011. p. 35. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Portland Historic Landmarks Commission (July 2010), Historic Landmarks -- Portland, Oregon (XLS), retrieved November 7, 2013.
- Jackson Tower at Emporis
- Jackson Tower at SkyscraperPage
- Jackson Tower at Structurae
- Tess, John M. (November 15, 1995). National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Journal Building (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- King, Bart (2001). An Architectural Guidebook to Portland. Gibbs Smith. pp. 8–10. ISBN 9780870711916.
Media related to Jackson Tower (ex-Journal Building) at Wikimedia Commons