Jackson Township, New Jersey

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Jackson Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Jackson
Official seal of Jackson Township, New Jersey
Seal
Motto: A Place for All Seasons
Map of Jackson Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Jackson Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Jackson Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Jackson Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°05′35″N 74°21′22″W / 40.093077°N 74.35618°W / 40.093077; -74.35618Coordinates: 40°05′35″N 74°21′22″W / 40.093077°N 74.35618°W / 40.093077; -74.35618[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Ocean
Incorporated March 6, 1844
Named for Andrew Jackson
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor Michael Reina (term ends June 30, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Jose "Joey" Torres[4]
 • Clerk Ann Marie Eden[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 100.624 sq mi (260.616 km2)
 • Land 99.244 sq mi (257.041 km2)
 • Water 1.380 sq mi (3.575 km2)  1.37%
Area rank 4th of 566 in state
1st of 33 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 118 ft (36 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 54,856
 • Estimate (2013)[12] 56,079
 • Rank 28th of 566 in state
4th of 33 in county[13]
 • Density 552.7/sq mi (213.4/km2)
 • Density rank 436th of 566 in state
27th of 33 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08527[14][15]
Area code(s) 732[16]
FIPS code 3402934680[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID 0882079[1][19]
Website www.jacksontwpnj.net

Jackson Township, named after Andrew Jackson, is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 54,856.[9] The population increased by 12,040 (+28.1%) from the 42,816 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,583 (+28.8%) from the 33,233 counted in the 1990 Census.[20] The 2010 population was the highest recorded in any decennial census. The township is located within the New Jersey Pine Barrens.[21]

Jackson's most famous attraction is Six Flags Great Adventure, which is home to the 456-foot (139 m) Kingda Ka, which as of 2014 is the tallest roller coaster in the world.[22] Jackson is also home to Six Flags Hurricane Harbor and Six Flags Wild Safari.

Jackson Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1844, from portions of Dover Township (now Toms River Township), Freehold Township and Upper Freehold Township, while the area was still part of Monmouth County. It became part of the newly created Ocean County on February 15, 1850. Portions of the township were taken to form Plumsted Township on March 11, 1845.[23]

Geography[edit]

Jackson Township is located at 40°05′35″N 74°21′22″W / 40.093077°N 74.35618°W / 40.093077; -74.35618 (40.093077, −74.35618). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 100.624 square miles (260.616 km2), of which, 99.244 square miles (257.041 km2) of it was land and 1.380 square miles (3.575 km2) of it (1.37%) was water.[1][2] Jackson is the largest municipality by area in Ocean County.[1]

Vista Center (with a 2010 population of 2,095[24]) is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Jackson Township.[25][26][27] Other unincorporated communities, localities and populated places within the township include Archers Corner, Bennetts Mills, Burksville, Butterfly Bridge, Cassville, Colliers Mills, DeBow Corner, Francis Mills, Grayville, Harmony, Holmansville, Hyson, Jackson Mills, Kapps Corner, Leesville, Legler, Maryland, Midwood, New Prospect, Pleasant Grove, Prospertown, Ridgeway State Forest, Success, The Alligator, Vanhiseville, Webbsville, Whitesbridge and Whitesville.[28][29][30]

Near Six Flags is the Jackson Premium Outlets, a major retail outlet center with 70 stores and a gross leasable area of 285,719 square feet (26,544.2 m2).[31][32]

Jackson has a Warm Humid Continental Climate.[citation needed]

Climate data for Jackson, NJ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
44
(7)
51
(11)
61
(16)
71
(22)
80
(27)
85
(29)
83
(28)
77
(25)
67
(19)
57
(14)
46
(8)
63.6
(17.6)
Average low °F (°C) 22
(−6)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
59
(15)
64
(18)
62
(17)
55
(13)
43
(6)
35
(2)
27
(−3)
42.4
(5.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.92
(99.6)
3.30
(83.8)
4.79
(121.7)
4.07
(103.4)
3.73
(94.7)
3.80
(96.5)
4.60
(116.8)
4.69
(119.1)
3.79
(96.3)
3.90
(99.1)
4.11
(104.4)
4.51
(114.6)
49.21
(1,250)
Source: [33]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,333 *
1860 1,606 20.5%
1870 1,755 9.3%
1880 1,803 2.7%
1890 1,717 −4.8%
1900 1,595 −7.1%
1910 1,325 −16.9%
1920 1,268 −4.3%
1930 1,719 35.6%
1940 2,153 25.2%
1950 3,513 63.2%
1960 5,939 69.1%
1970 18,276 207.7%
1980 25,644 40.3%
1990 33,233 29.6%
2000 42,816 28.8%
2010 54,856 28.1%
Est. 2013 56,079 [12] 2.2%
Population sources: 1850-2000[34]
1850-1920[35] 1850-1870[36]
1850[37] 1870[38] 1880-1890[39]
1890-1910[40] 1910-1930[41]
1900-1990[42] 2000[43][44] 2010[8][9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[23]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 54,856 people, 19,417 households, and 15,048 families residing in the township. The population density was 552.7 per square mile (213.4/km2). There were 20,342 housing units at an average density of 205.0 per square mile (79.2/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 88.90% (48,765) White, 4.86% (2,664) Black or African American, 0.10% (57) Native American, 2.95% (1,616) Asian, 0.03% (18) Pacific Islander, 1.27% (696) from other races, and 1.90% (1,040) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.83% (4,295) of the population.[9]

There were 19,417 households, of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.21.[9]

In the township, 24.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $86,327 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,941) and the median family income was $96,171 (+/- $2,734). Males had a median income of $68,985 (+/- $4,126) versus $45,714 (+/- $2,238) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,521 (+/- $912). About 2.8% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.[45]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 42,816 people, 14,176 households, and 11,269 families residing in the township. The population density was 427.9 people per square mile (165.2/km²). There were 14,640 housing units at an average density of 146.3 per square mile (56.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 91.26% White, 3.90% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.78% of the population.[43][44]

There were 14,176 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.5% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.38.[43][44]

In the township the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the township was $65,218, and the median income for a family was $71,045. Males had a median income of $51,276 versus $33,882 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,981. About 2.5% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[43][44]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 312.39 miles (502.74 km) of roadways, of which 201.70 miles (324.60 km) were maintained by the municipality, 101.77 miles (163.78 km) by Ocean County and 8.92 miles (14.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[46]

CR 527, CR 528, CR 547, CR 537, CR 526, and CR 571 pass through the township. CR 539 also passes through the township, but in the southwest corner, for less than half a mile. Interstate 195 is a major artery that travels through the northern section of Jackson (it just so happens that Jackson is the only municipality in Ocean County that hosts any interstate). While the expressway travels into Howell and Millstone Townships, it is also a vital link for Six Flags since it grants access to the Garden State Parkway, Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95).

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus service is provided on the 139 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and to Philadelphia on the 317 route.[47]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

As of July 1, 2006, Jackson Township adopted the Mayor-Council form of government under the Faulkner Act, and is governed by a Mayor and five-member Township Council elected at-large in nonpartisan elections.[48] Council members serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election in even years. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office that comes up for election during the same year that two council seats are up for vote. The Council selects a President and a Vice President from among its members. Until 2006, Jackson Township as governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee, whose members were elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[6]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Jackson Township is Michael "Mike" Reina, whose term of office ends June 30, 2014. Township Council members are Council President Ann M. Updegrave (2014), Council Vice President Scott Martin (2014), Kenneth J. Bressi (2016), Barry Calogero (2016) and Robert A. Nixon (2016).[49][50][51]

Public safety departments[edit]

Police Department

Jackson Township has its own Police Department which was established in 1946 and which operates out of the Municipal Justice Complex. Chief of Police Matthew D. Kunz.[52]

Fire Department

Jackson Township currently has four fire districts and an industrial fire department:

  • Station 54 - Jackson Mills Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 4 (Combination Volunteer/Career) Chief Michael Lubertazzi
  • Station 55 - Jackson Township Fire Co. No. 1/Jackson Twp Fire District No. 3 (Combination Volunteer/Career) Chief Michael Waters[53]
  • Station 56 - Cassville Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 2 (Combination Volunteer/Career) Chief Adam Poppe[54]
  • Station 57 - Whitesville Fire Co./Jackson Fire District No. 1 (Combination Volunteer/Career [contract for personnel from Fire District No. 3]) Chief Scott Rauch
  • Station 58 - Six Flags Fire Department Chief Edward Zakar (Career)
Fire Bureau

Jackson Township has two Fire Bureaus that enforce the NJ Uniform Fire Safety Act:

Jackson Bureau of Fire Prevention District 4 Fire Official John Burmiester Jr.

Jackson Bureau of Fire Safety Fire Districts 1, 2 and 3 Fire Official Frank McDonnell

Emergency Medical Services

Currently emergency medical services are provided by a combination of an independent volunteer first aid squad and a private third party contractor.[55]

  • Quality Medical Transport (units 103, 159, 155) covers EMS calls from 5AM-6PM - Manager Sal Murante
  • Jackson Township First Aid Squad (Squad 22) covers EMS calls from 6PM-5AM - Chief Al Couceiro
  • Six Flags Great Adventure EMS (Squad 80) covers EMS calls within the park during park operating hours.

Advanced life support E.M.S., (i.e., paramedics or "Mobile Intensive Care Units"), is provided by hospital providers under a statewide system mandated by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. Jackson Township is served primarily by MONOC paramedic units.[56]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Jackson Township is located in the 4th Congressional District[57] and is part of New Jersey's 12th state legislative district.[10][58][59] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Jackson Township had been in the 30th state legislative district.[60]

New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R).[61] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[62][63] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[64][65]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 12th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Samuel D. Thompson (R, Old Bridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Robert D. Clifton (R, Matawan) and Ronald S. Dancer (R, Plumsted Township).[66] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[67] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[68]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[69] At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014, Ocean County's Freeholders (with department directorship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph H. Vicari (Public Works, Senior Services; R, Toms River, term ends December 31, 2014),[70] Freeholder Deputy Director John C. Bartlett, Jr. (Finance, Parks and Recreation; Pine Beach, 2015),[71] John P. Kelly (Law and Public Safety; Eagleswood Township, 2016),[72] James F. Lacey (Transportation; Brick Township, 2016)[73] and Gerry P. Little (Human Services; Surf City, 2015)[74][75][76] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2015, Barnegat Light),[77][78] Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2016; Toms River) and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2018, Beachwood).[79][80][81]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 34,003 registered voters in Jackson Township, of which 7,177 (21.1%) were registered as Democrats, 7,693 (22.6%) were registered as Republicans and 19,108 (56.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties.[82] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 62.0% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 82.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).[82][83]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 55.2% of the vote here (14,069 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.0% (10,951 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (296 votes), among the 25,480 ballots cast by the township's 34,749 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.3%.[84] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 58.7% of the vote here (12,451 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.9% (8,458 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (185 votes), among the 21,202 ballots cast by the township's 29,329 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 72.3.[85]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.8% of the vote here (11,564 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 26.7% (4,620 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.3% (737 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (194 votes), among the 17,315 ballots cast by the township's 34,318 registered voters, yielding a 50.5% turnout.[86]

Education[edit]

The Jackson School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[87]) are six K-5 elementary schools — Crawford-Rodriguez Elementary School[88] (790 students), Elms Elementary School[89] (790), Lucy N. Holman Elementary School[90] (658), Howard C. Johnson Elementary School[91] (601), Sylvia Rosenauer Elementary School[92] (355) and Switlik Elementary School[93] (861) — Carl W. Goetz Middle School[94] (1,343) and Christa McAuliffe Middle School[95] (1,038) for grades 6-8, along with Jackson Liberty High School[96] (1,390) and Jackson Memorial High School[97] (1,758) for grades 9-12.[98][99]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Jackson Township include: ((B) denotes that the person was born there.)

References[edit]

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  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration, Jackson Township. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, Jackson Township. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Jackson, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
  8. ^ a b Ocean county: 2010 Census Populations, Asbury Park Press. Accessed
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  30. ^ Benjamin, Dave. "Jackson still working out affordable housing details", Tri-Town News, September 20, 2007. Accessed January 8, 2012. "One item was the Hovbilt project in the Cassville section of Jackson which was approved by the court by way of an affordable housing agreement with the township and the developer in 1999."
  31. ^ Jackson Premium Outlets, Premium Outlets. Accessed January 8, 2012.
  32. ^ SIMON PROPERTY GROUP INC /DE/ - FORM 8-K - EX-99.1 - EXHIBIT 99.1 - April 30, 2010, faqs.com, dated April 30, 2010. Accessed January 8, 2012.
  33. ^ Monthly Weather for Jackson, NJ 08527
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  51. ^ 2013 Elected Officials of Ocean County, Ocean County, New Jersey. p. 4. Accessed October 16, 2013.
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  53. ^ Home Page, Jackson Fire District No. 3. Accessed October 16, 2013. "Jackson Fire District No. 3 is one of four Fire District's within the Township of Jackson."
  54. ^ History, Cassville Volunteer Fire Company. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  55. ^ Benjamin, Dave. " Council awards EMS pact; Quality Medical Transport selected for daytime coverage", Tri-Town News, February 14, 2008. Accessed October 16, 2013. "Quality Medical Transport will serve the residents of Jackson during the daytime hours and the Jackson Volunteer First Aid Squad will continue to provide coverage during the evening and overnight hours."
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  64. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  68. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  69. ^ Freeholder History, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
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