Jacksonville metropolitan area
Common name: Greater Jacksonville
|Other cities||– St. Augustine
– Fernandina Beach
– Jacksonville Beach
– Orange Park
– Green Cove Springs
|Population||Ranked 40th in the U.S.|
|– Density||397/sq. mi.
|Area||3,698 sq. mi.
|– Highest point||131 feet (39.92 m)|
|– Lowest point||0 feet (0 m)|
The Jacksonville metropolitan area, also called Greater Jacksonville or Metro Jacksonville, is the metropolitan area centered on the principal city of Jacksonville, Florida and including the First Coast of North Florida. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget designates the area as the Jacksonville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau and other government agencies. The OMB defines the metropolitan statistical area as consisting of five counties: Duval, Clay, St. Johns, Nassau, and Baker. According to the 2010 United States Census, the total population was 1,345,596. The Jacksonville metropolitan area is the 40th largest in the country and the fourth largest in the state of Florida, behind the Miami, Tampa, and Orlando metropolitan areas.
In 2012 the OMB also defined the Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area, a Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which included metropolitan Jacksonville as well as the Palatka, Florida and St. Marys, Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Areas (comprising Putnam County, Florida and Camden County, Georgia). The CSA had a population of 1,502,515 in 2012 and was the 34th largest CSA.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,345,596 people, 524,146 households, and 350,483 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 69.9% White, 21.8% African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. 6.9% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The median income for a household in the MSA was $45,143, and the median income for a family was $51,327. Males had a median income of $35,537 versus $25,093 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $21,659.
The public school districts for Greater Jacksonville are all managed by school boards, with each county having its own board. The Duval County School Board is the largest in the area and the 15th largest in the United States with over 155,000 students. In 2010, it was home to two of the top ten high schools in the country, Stanton College Preparatory School and Paxon School for Advanced Studies. The St. Johns County School District, Clay County School District, Nassau County School District, and Baker County School District manage the public schools in their respective counties.
Higher education in the Jacksonville area is offered at many institutions. There are three public institutions in the area. University of North Florida (UNF), founded in 1969, is a public university in southeastern Jacksonville. It has over 17,000 students and offers a variety of bachelor's, master's, and doctoral programs. Florida State College at Jacksonville (FSCJ) is a public state college located in downtown Jacksonville with satellite campuses around the city. St. Johns River State College is a state college with campuses in St. Augustine, Orange Park, and Palatka. Many private schools are also located in the area. Edward Waters College, founded in 1866, is Jacksonville's oldest institution of higher education, as well as the Florida's oldest historically black college. Jacksonville University (JU), established in 1934, is a private, four-year institution located along the St. Johns River with over 3,500 students. The mayor of Jacksonville, Alvin Brown, graduated from JU. Flagler College is a liberal arts college located in St. Augustine. Noted for its campus, which includes Henry Flagler's former Ponce de León Hotel, it is currently included in The Princeton Review's Best 366 Colleges Rankings.
The Jacksonville metropolitan area is served by four interstate highways operated by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT). I-95 runs north to south, starting in Nassau County and leaving in St. Johns County. I-10 runs west to east, terminating in downtown Jacksonville at I-95. This intersection is the busiest in the area, with more than 200,000 vehicles traveling it each day. I-295 serves as a beltway routing around the city and connects to I-10 and I-95 while serving all areas of Jacksonville. I-795 is a future expressway that will connect the southeastern section of I-295 with I-95.
Three other expressways also serve the area and are maintained by FDOT. Arlington Expressway (FL SR 115) connects downtown Jacksonville with the Arlington neighborhood via the Matthews Bridge and travels eastward to Atlantic Beach. The Commodore Point Expressway connects downtown Jacksonville with the Southside at Beach Boulevard (US 90), which continues eastward to Jacksonville Beach. Butler Bouleveard (SR 202) begins in southeast Jacksonville at Phillips Highway (US 1) and ends in southern Jacksonville Beach at 3rd Street South (SR A1A). The road has become the one of the busiest roads in the metro area.
Jacksonville Transportation Authority (JTA) is the public transit agency serving the Jacksonville area with bus service, trolleys, paratransit, and a people mover. The people mover, known as the JTA Skyway is located in downtown Jacksonville, and operates 8 stations along a 2.5 miles (4.0 km) track. Bus service as well as paratransit service is provided around Duval County and partially in Clay County. JTA operates three trolley lines in three different neighborhoods: Downtown, Riverside, and Jacksonville Beach. The entire JTA system has a daily ridership of over 42,000.
Greater Jacksonville is served by one major airport, Jacksonville International Airport. The airport served over 5.5 million passengers in 2011 and has a record of 6.3 million passengers, reached in 2007. The airport has three concourses with only two being operational. Concourse B was demolished in 2009 due to a significant decrease in passengers and flights. It is scheduled to be rebuilt when traffic increases at the airport, which is projected to happen in 2013. The airport has went through many changes over the recent years. Both Concourse A and Concourse C were both rebuilt with ten gates each and moving walkways. Future plans call for expanding the newly built concourses by 2020 and possibly adding a people mover system to the airport, and connecting the airport with the onsite Clarion Hotel via a moving walkway.
The Port of Jacksonville is located in Duval County on the St. Johns River and is operated by Jacksonville Port Authority, branded as JAXPORT. Over 100 countries import and export goods through the port. JAXPORT owns three cargo facilities: the Blount Island Marine Terminal, the Talleyrand Marine Terminal and the Dames Point Marine Terminal. The Port of Jacksonville imports the second largest amount of automobiles on the east coast. The port authority also operates a cruise terminal. Opened in 2003 as a "temporary" terminal, cruise ships have set sail from the 63,000-square foot facility ever since. Current cruises from Jacksonville visit the Bahamas on four- or five-day voyages aboard the Carnival Fascination.
- "OMB Bulletin No. 10-02: Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses". United States Office of Management and Budget. December 1, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- "United States Census 2010".
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Mathews, Jay: America's Best High Schools: The List Newsweek magazine, June 13, 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- "Quality of Life: Most Beautiful Campus" Princeton Review.
- "The New 2008 Best 366 Colleges" Rankings The Princeton Review.
- Hannan, Larry: "Jacksonville’s scrambled I-10/I-95 intersection transforming traffic until 2011" Florida Times-Union, June 7, 2010
- "Demolition of JIA's Concourse B brings end of an era". Florida Times-Union. June 22, 2009. Retrieved January 18, 2013.