Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway

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Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway
Locale Florida
Dates of operation 1879–1899
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

The Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway was a railroad and steamboat network in Florida, USA at the end of the 19th century. Most of its lines became part of the Plant System in 1899 and the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1902.

History[edit]

The Tampa, Peace Creek and St. Johns River Railroad was incorporated in 1879, and on June 27, 1881 the name was changed to the Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway. The Palatka and Indian River Railroad was incorporated in 1881 to run from Palatka south past Sanford. The JT&KW bought it in 1887. Eventually the JT&KW main line stretched from Jacksonville to the St. Johns River port of Sanford, where the separately-owned South Florida Railroad continued to Tampa. The full line opened on February 20, 1886.[1]

The Atlantic Coast, St. Johns and Indian River Railroad was organized in 1883 to build a connection from the JT&KW's branch to Enterprise, another St. Johns River port, southeast to Titusville on the Indian River. The JT&KW acquired the line in 1886.

The Jupiter and Lake Worth Railway opened in 1889 as a short connection between the JT&KW's Indian River Steamboat Company at Jupiter and the north end of Lake Worth, where steamers continued south. The line was abandoned by 1896 after the completion of the parallel Florida East Coast Railway.

In 1893 the JT&KW went bankrupt. The Southeastern Railway bought the line from Enterprise to Titusville in 1899, and later that year sold it to the Florida East Coast Railway. Also that year, the rest of the system was reincorporated as the Jacksonville and St. Johns River Railway and sold to the Savannah, Florida and Western Railway (the Plant System). The Plant System became part of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1902. In 1967 the ACL merged into the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad, eventually becoming part of CSX. The JT&KW is now part of the "A" Line, one of CSX's two main lines into Florida.

Branches[edit]

DeLand

The Orange Ridge, DeLand and Atlantic Railroad was incorporated by Laws of Florida Chapter 3332, No. 114 on March 7, 1881, running from DeLand west across the JT&KW at DeLand Junction to the St. Johns River. It became the De Land and St. Johns River Railroad in 1886, and the JT&KW bought it in 1890.

Enterprise

The Enterprise Branch ran from the main line at Benson Junction east to Enterprise. It continued to Titusville as the Atlantic Coast, St. Johns and Indian River Railroad, acquired in 1886.

Lake Eustis

The Sanford and Lake Eustis Railroad was organized in 1886 and merged into the JT&KW on May 1, 1890. The line ran west from Sanford to Tavares on Lake Eustis.

Station listing[edit]

Milepost City Station Opening date Connections and notes
Jacksonville Jacksonville Terminal union station
"A" Line continues north via East Florida Railroad
Lavilla Junction junction with Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Central Railroad (SAL)
Edgewood
Black Point
Reeds
Orange Park
Peoria
Black Creek
Fleming
Magnolia
Green Cove Springs
Melrose Crossing junction with Green Cove Springs and Melrose Railroad
Walkill
A682.2 West Tocoi
A690.8 Bostwick
Teasdale
Sauble
A698.0 Palatka Amtrak Silver Meteor, Silver Star and Sunset Limited
junction with Florida Southern Railway (ACL), Georgia Southern and Florida Railroad (SOU) and Florida East Coast Railway Palatka Branch
Lund
Peniel
Buffalo Bluff
A708.1 Satsuma
Sisco
Pomona
Como
A716.7 Huntington
Denver
Hammond
A726.6 Seville
Bakersburg
Pierson
Eldridge
A737.9 Barberville
Deep Creek
Spring Garden
Glenwood
Highland Park
A750.0 DeLand Amtrak Silver Meteor, Silver Star and Sunset Limited
originally De Land Junction
junction with De Land and St. Johns River Railroad (JT&KW)
Beresford
Orange City Junction junction with Atlantic and Western Railroad (FEC)
A760.8 Enterprise Junction junction with Enterprise Branch
Monroe junction with Sanford and St. Petersburg Railway (ACL)
Sanford Amtrak Auto Train, Silver Meteor, Silver Star and Sunset Limited
Sanford old ACL station
junction with South Florida Railroad (ACL, now CSX "A" Line), Sanford and Lake Eustis Railroad (JT&KW), Sanford and Indian River Railroad (ACL) and Sanford and St. Petersburg Railway (ACL)

References[edit]