Jacksonville International Airport

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Jacksonville International Airport
Jax-international-logo.PNG
Jacksonville Int'l.JPG
IATA: JAXICAO: KJAXFAA LID: JAX
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Jacksonville Aviation Authority
Serves Jacksonville metropolitan area
Location Jacksonville, Florida
Elevation AMSL 30 ft / 9 m
Coordinates 30°29′39″N 081°41′16″W / 30.49417°N 81.68778°W / 30.49417; -81.68778
Website flyjacksonville.com
Map
FAA airport diagram JAXLocation of the Airport in Florida
FAA airport diagram
JAX is located in Florida
JAX
JAX
Location of the Airport in Florida
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8/26 10,000 3,048 Concrete
14/32 7,701 2,347 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Aircraft operations 95,927
Passengers 5,605,934
Sources: FAA,[1] airport website[2]

Jacksonville International Airport (IATA: JAXICAO: KJAXFAA LID: JAX) is a civil-military public airport 13 miles (21 km) north of downtown Jacksonville, in Duval County, Florida. It is owned and operated by the Jacksonville Aviation Authority.

History[edit]

JIAdedpgm.jpg

Construction started in 1965 on a new airport to handle travel to nearby naval bases. Jacksonville International Airport was dedicated on September 1, 1968, replacing Imeson Field;[3] terrain precluded longer runways at Imeson. A new idea at JIA was separating departing and arriving passengers on different sides of the terminal (as can be seen in the photo on this page). This is no longer the case, and the airport (which has greatly expanded since the picture was taken) now uses the more typical layout with departing passengers on an upper level with an elevated roadway, and arriving passengers on the lower level.

Airport terminal circa 1968

The new airport was slow to expand, only serving two million passengers a year by 1982, but it served over five million annually by 1999 and an expansion plan was approved in 2000. The first phase, which included rebuilding the landside terminal, the central square and main concessions area, as well as consolidating the security checkpoints at one location, and more parking capacity was completed in 2004-2005. In 2007, 6,319,016 passengers were processed.

Operations[edit]

Facilities[edit]

The airport covers 7,911 acres (3,201 ha) and has two concrete runways: 8/26, 10,000 x 150 ft (3,048 x 46 m) and 14/32, 7,701 x 150 ft (2,347 x 46 m).[1] In December 2011 the runway numbers will change to 8/26 and 14/32 due to magnetic variation. There are two Concourses (A & C) and 20 gates.

The airport's two runways form a "V" (with the tip of the "V" pointing west). A plan exists to build two more runways, each paralleling one existing runway. The one alongside the existing southern runway will be built first. No date has been set (the expectation is that construction of the third runway would begin around 2015).

In the year ending August, 2009 the airport had 94,614 aircraft operations, average 260 per day: 58% scheduled commercial, 23% air taxi, 13% general aviation, and 6% military. 54 aircraft are based at the airport: 15% single-engine, 13% multi-engine, 35% jet and 37% military.[1]

Military facilities[edit]

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Air National Guard.png
125th Fighter Wing.png

Concurrent with the closure of Imeson Airport, the 125th Fighter-Interceptor Group (125 FIG) of the Florida Air National Guard (FANG) relocated to Jacksonville International Airport. Military Construction (MILCON) funds provided for the establishment of Jacksonville Air National Guard Base in the southwest quadrant of the airport and placement of USAF-style emergency arresting gear on the JAX runways. Jacksonville ANGB is literally a small air force base, albeit without the military housing, military hospital or other infrastructure of major U.S. Air Force installations. The Air National Guard provides a fully equipped USAF Crash Fire Rescue station to augment the airport's own fire department for both on-airport structural fires and aircraft rescue and fire fighting (ARFF) purposes. The base employs approximately 300 full-time military personnel (ART and AGR) and 1,000 part-time military personnel who are traditional air national guardsmen.[4]

The host unit at Jacksonville ANGB, now known as the 125th Fighter Wing (125 FW), is an Air Combat Command (ACC)-gained organization that has historically been assigned fighters in the intercept and continental air defense mission for the region. Since establishing Jacksonville ANGB at the airport, the unit has operated the F-102 Delta Dagger, F-106 Delta Dart, F-16A/B (ADF) Fighting Falcon, F-15A/B Eagle, and now flies the F-15C and F-15D version of the F-15 Eagle. During the Cold War, at least two armed fighters were kept on quick-reaction alert at Jacksonville ANGB, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, their pilots able to get airborne within minutes. The 125 FW also maintains a 24/7 Air Superiority Alert posture with two F-15 aircraft under the wing's Detachment 1, Operating Location Alfa Alfa (OL-AA), at Homestead ARB in southern Florida in support of Operation Noble Eagle.

In addition to its F-15 Eagles, the 125 FW also operates other support aircraft at Jacksonville ANGB, to include a single C-130H Hercules and RC-26 Metroliner in multiple air and ground support roles. In addition to its Alert Facility, the base also maintains a wide range of operational, maintenance, administrative and support facilities, to include a USAF Clinic (with a flight medicine facility) and separate military fuel farm and refueling vehicles for JP-8 fuel. Jacksonville ANGB also routinely hosts transient USAF aircraft and military aircraft from other services and components.

[1]