Jacob Avigdor

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Jacob Avigdor

Yaakov Avigdor (also Jacob) (1896–1967) was a Polish rabbi, author and Holocaust survivor, who served as Chief Rabbi of the Ashkenazi Jewish community in Mexico.

Life[edit]

He was born into a rabbinic family in Tyrawa Wołoska, a shtetl in the Austrian province of Galicia between the cities of Sanok and Przemyśl (now southeast Poland) in 1896. He excelled in religious studies and was ordained at the young age of 16 years. Later he attended the universities of Kraków and Lviv, obtaining a PhD in Philosophy. Acquiring a high reputation as an orator and Talmudist, he was named Chief Rabbi of Drohobych and Boryslav, then in southeast Poland (now western Ukraine), in 1920, where he officiated until the Nazi occupation.

During the Holocaust, he lost his wife, his two daughters and his brother David the Rabbi of Andrychów, among many family members. After his liberation from the Buchenwald concentration camp, Avigdor became extremely active in the efforts of rescue and rehabilitation of Jewish refugees in postwar Europe. Upon immigrating to the U.S. in 1946, he accepted a pulpit in Brooklyn, New York, and six years later he was offered the rabbinate of Mexico, holding that position until his death in Mexico City in 1967.

Avigdor was much consulted on religious and ethical questions by worldwide peers. A prolific writer, his topics included religious philosophy, Jewish history and traditions, and commentary on biblical text. Most of his prewar works were lost. In Mexico, he became a regular contributor to Yiddish periodicals, and published books in that language, Hebrew and Spanish.

Works[edit]

  • Nauka Talmudu -1928 (Polish, with subsequent Hebrew and German editions, three volumes)
  • Chelek Yacov - 1929 (Hebrew)
  • Metafizyka Judaismu -1931 (Polish, Doctorate Thesis, Lviv University)
  • Haemunah V'haphilosophia‡ -1933 (Polish)
  • Sheelot Utshuvot Abir Yacov -1934 (Hebrew, two volumes)
  • Harambam V'shitato B'philosophia‡ -1935 (Polish)
  • Ayeh Sofer -1937 (Hebrew)
  • Torat Halashon -1938 (Hebrew)
  • Sheelot Utshuvot Heshiv Yacov -1939 (Hebrew)
  • Al Hashchitah‡ - 1939 (Polish)
  • Techiyat Yacov -1950 (Hebrew)
  • La Cronología Judaica -1954 (Spanish)
  • Maimónides, su Vida y Obra -1955 (Spanish)
  • [Chelek Yacov Aleph - 1956 reprint of Chelek Yacov]
  • [Chelek Yacov Bet - 1956 reprint of Ayeh Sofer and Techiyat Yacov].
  • Kuntres Kol Yacov -1956 (Hebrew)
  • Shevichtav V'sheval Peh (In Shrift Un Vort) - 1957 (Yiddish, volumes I and II) and 1958 (Yiddish, volume III)
  • La Vision del Judaismo -1959 (Spanish, two volumes)
  • Machshoveh V'loshn (Gedank Un Shprach) -1959 (Yiddish)
  • Reflexiones Sobre la Torá -1960 (Spanish)
  • Dee Yiddishe Froy/La Mujer Judía - 1960 (Yiddish and Spanish)
  • Hegyon Yacov -1962 (Yiddish, two volumes)
  • Torah Sh’veal Peh -1962 (Yiddish, volume I) and 1963 (Yiddish, volume II)
  • Haskel V'yadoa -1962 (Hebrew, volumes I and II) and 1963 (Hebrew, volume III)
  • Der Yiddisher Shabos/El Sabado Judío -1963 (Yiddish and Spanish)
  • Haemuna Hanotzrit L'or Hahalacha Hayehudit -1964 (Hebrew)
  • Oifzatzn Un Esayen -1965 (Yiddish)
  • Mikdash Meat -1965 (Hebrew)
  • Mul Baayot Hador -1965 (Hebrew, volume I) and 1966 (Hebrew, volume II)
  • Síntesis del Talmud: Exposición de su Desarrollo Histórico -1966 (Spanish, two volumes)

(‡ Hebrew translation of the Polish title)

References[edit]

  • Avigdor, Jacob. Sheelot Utshuvot Abir Yacov. (Autobiographical essay as preface). Reprint of 1934 edition. New York, 1949.

{trans: Questions and Answers "Abir Yacov"}.

  • Gelber, N.M. Sefer Zikaron L'Drohobych, Boryslaw V'ha-seviva. Tel-Aviv, 1959.

{trans: Book of Remembrance to the Jews of Drohobych, Boryslaw, and Surroundings}.

  • Wunder, Meir. Meore Galitsyah: Entsiklopedyah L'chachme Galitsyah, Machon L'hantsachat Yehadut Galitsyah, Jerusalem, 1978.

{trans: Encyclopedia of Galician Rabbis and Scholars}.

External links[edit]