Jacobite Peerage

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After the deposition by the English parliament in February 1689 of King James II and VII from the thrones of England and Ireland (the Scottish Estates followed suit on 11 April 1689), he and his successors continued to create peers and baronets, which they believed was their right. These creations were not recognised by James's de facto successors or British law, but the titles were used in Jacobite circles on Continental Europe and recognised by France, Spain and the Papacy. The following tables list the peerages and baronetcies created by the Stuart claimants in exile. The tables present the situation from the Jacobite perspective, and so titles granted after 1689 by King James II & VII's de facto successors to the throne, whose authority was not recognised by Jacobites, are represented in inverted commas.

Creations of 1689[edit]

The seven Irish peerages (the Duke of Tyrconnell, Viscount Kenmare, Viscount Mountcashell, Viscount Mount Leinster, Baron Bourke, Baron Nugent, Baron Fitton of Gawsworth, and their subordinate peerages) created by James II in 1689 are in an anomalous legal position, even from the Hanoverian viewpoint. He was held to have abdicated the English (and Scottish) thrones in December 1688; but the Government of Ireland was carried on solely in his name until August 1689. The creations were recorded in the Irish Patent Roll, and have never been struck out.

It is the usual British maxim that the actions of a King in possession are valid, even when his title is unsound; but there was also a law of the Kingdom of Ireland that the King of England is automatically King of Ireland – and William and Mary, considered by Jacobites as usurpers, were crowned in England on 11 April 1689. (Similar considerations may apply to the Scottish Countess of Almond, who was elevated before James's deposition was proclaimed in Edinburgh.)

Four of the seven grantees died without male heirs; two peerages (if valid) have merged with pre-existing Irish Earldoms; and the heir of the 1st Viscount Kenmare was granted the same titles by George III in 1798 – and then raised to an Irish Earldom. The first Jacobite Earldom of Almond was also a life peerage, and is therefore extinct. Even if the Irish House of Lords still met, the questions here would be moot.[1]

Dukes[edit]

Dukes in the peerage of England[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Duke of Powis 12 January 1689 Herbert extinct 8 March 1748 for William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis
Duke of Albemarle 13 January 1696 FitzJames extinct 27 December 1702 for Henry FitzJames, an illegitimate son of King James II. He also bore the title of Grand Prior of England.
Duke of Northumberland 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 for Philip Wharton, 6th Baron Wharton ("2nd Marquess of Wharton")
Duke of Albemarle 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 for George Granville ("1st Baron Lansdowne")
Duke of Arran 2 January 1722 Butler extinct 17 December 1758 for Charles Butler ("1st Earl of Arran"), also 3rd Duke of Ormonde from 16 November 1745
Duke of Strafford 5 January 1722 Wentworth extinct 10 March 1791 for Thomas Wentworth. 3rd Baron Raby ("1st Earl of Strafford")
Duke of York shortly after 6 March 1725 Stuart merged in the crown 31 January 1788 for Prince Henry Benedict Stuart

Dukes in the peerage of Scotland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Duke of Melfort 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct or dormant since 28 February 1902 for the 1st Earl of Melfort, also Duke of Perth from 2 July 1800
Duke of Perth before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant for the 4th Earl of Perth, also Duke of Melfort from 2 July 1800 to 28 February 1902
Duke of Mar 22 October 1715 Erskine extant for the 22nd Earl of Mar
Duke of Rannoch 1 February 1717 Murray extant for William, Earl of Tullibardine ("Titular Marquess of Tullibardine", and after 9 July 1724 "2nd Titular Duke of Atholl", by which title he was known among Jacobites, and even by King James VIII & III)
Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant for José de Rozas, Conde de Castelblanco, Knight of the Order of Alcántara, Captain-General of Guatemala, son-in-law of the 1st Duke of Melfort (see above)
Duke of Inverness 4 April 1727 Hay extinct 1740 for John Hay of Cromlix, created Earl of Inverness 5 October 1718
Duke of Fraser 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 for the 11th Lord Lovat
Duchess of Albany 24 March 1783 or before Stuart extinct 14 November 1789 for Charlotte, illegitimate daughter of King Charles III by Clementina Walkinshaw

Dukes in the peerage of Ireland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Duke of Tyrconnell 30 March 1689 Talbot extinct 14 August 1691 for Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell
Duke of Mar 13 December 1722 Erskine extinct 16 March 1766 also Duke of Mar in Scotland

Marquesses[edit]

Marquesses in the peerage of England[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Montgomery 12 January 1689 Herbert extinct 22 October 1745 subsidiary title of the Duke of Powis
Marquess of Trelissick 20 June 1715 Paynter extinct in the 18th century for James Paynter, Cornish gentleman.
Marquess of Woburn 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 subsidiary title of the Duke of Northumberland
Marquess Monk and Fitzhemon 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle

Marquesses in the peerage of Scotland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Seaforth circa 1690 Mackenzie extinct 11 January 1815 for the 4th Earl of Seaforth
Marquess of Forth 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort
Marquess of Drummond before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth
Marquess of Kenmure 1707 Gordon dormant or extinct also Viscount of Kenmure
Marquess of Stirling 22 October 1715 Erskine extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar. This Marquessate is sometimes recorded as "Marquess Erskine".
Marquess of Blair 1 February 1717 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch
Marquess of Borland 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco
Marquess of Beaufort 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser

Marquesses in the peerage of Ireland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Marquess of Tyrconnell 30 March 1689 Talbot extinct 14 August 1691 subsidiary title of the Duke of Tyrconnell

Earls[edit]

Earls in the peerage of England[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Earl of Dover July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 also 1st Baron Dover and 3rd Baron Jermyn of St. Edmundsbury
Earl of Portland 1690 Herbert extinct 5 November 1698
Earl of Tenterden 3 May 1692 Hales extinct 15 March 1829  
Earl of Rochford 13 January 1696 FitzJames extinct 27 December 1702 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Earl of Monmouth between 16 September and 17 October 1701 Middleton extinct February 1747 Created for Charles Middleton, 2nd Earl of Middleton in the Peerage of Scotland, Secretary of State to King James II & VII and King James III & VIII
Earl of Bolingbroke 26 July 1715 St John extinct 12 December 1751 Created for Henry St. John, "Secretary of State" of the usurpress Princess George of Denmark, by whom he was created "Viscount Bolingbroke and St John" in 1712
Earl of Macclesfield 1716 Dorrington extinct 1841  
Countess of Jersey April 1716 Villiers extinct circa 1735 Title granted for life
Earl of Jersey April 1716 Villiers extant Created for William Villiers, "2nd Earl of Jersey", holder of the "Earldom of Jersey" created by the usurper William of Orange-Nassau in 1697
Earl of Malmesbury 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 subsidiary title of the Duke of Northumberland
Earl of Mar 10 November 1717 Erskine extinct 16 March 1766 also Duke of Mar in Scotland
Earl of Chester shortly after 31 December 1720 Stuart merged in the crown 1 January 1766 subsidiary title of the Prince of Wales
Earl of Bath 6 October 1721 Granville dormant 2 July 1776 also Duke of Albemarle from 3 November 1721
Earl of Bath 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Earl North 6 January 1722 North extinct upon the death of the grantee 31 March 1734 also 6th Baron North of Kirleton and 2nd Baron Grey of Rolleston. Appointed by King James III Lieutenant-General (2 January 1722), Commander-in-Chief, City of London and Westminster (5 January 1722), one of the nine Lords Regent (26 May 1722)
Earl of Falkland 13 December 1722 Cary extant also Viscount Falkland in the peerage of Scotland
Earl of Westminster 12 August 1759 Murray extant also Lord Elibank in the peerage of Scotland from 27 February 1778

Earls in the peerage of Scotland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Countess of Almond 13 January 1689 Davia-Montecuculi extinct April 1703 title for life
Earl of Fortrose circa 1690 Mackenzie extinct 11 January 1815 subsidiary title of the Marquess of Seaforth
Earl of Isla and Burntisland 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort
Earl of Almond 12 April 1698 Davia unknown for Virgilio Davia, the husband of the Countess of Almond, above
Earl of Stobhall before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth
Earl of Dundee shortly before 12 November 1705 Gualterio extant also Marquis of Corgnolo, near Orvieto (created 1723, Pope Innocent XIII), patrician of Rome and Orvieto, noble of Viterbo and Loreto; between 1713 and 1720, also Duke of Cumia, near Messina (created by Philip V of Spain)
Earl of Kildrummie 22 October 1715 Erskine extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar
Earl of Glen Tilt 1 February 1717 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch
Earl of Fordan 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco
Earl of Inverness 5 October 1718 Hay extinct 1740 also Duke of Inverness from 4 April 1727
Earl of Dunbar 2 February 1721 Murray extant since 23 July 1745 also Viscount of Stormont (cr. 1621), Lord Scone (cr. 1605) and Lord Balvaird (cr. 1641, all in the Peerage of Scotland). Since 20 March 1793, also "Earl of Mansfield" (cr. 1792 by the Elector George III of Hanover). Since 13 June 1843, "Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield" (cr. 1776 in the "Peerage of Great Britain".).
Earl of Dillon 24 June 1721 Dillon extant also Viscount Dillon of Costello Gallen in the peerage of Ireland (created 1622) from 5 February 1733
Earl of Nairne 24 June 1721 Murray extant also Lord Nairne (cr. 1681). From 7 December 1837, also Earl of Dunmore (cr. 1686)
Earl of Stratherrick and Abertarf 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser
Earl of Alford 20 January 1760 Graeme extinct 3 January 1773  

Earls in the peerage of Ireland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Earl of Lucan January 1691 Sarsfield extinct 12 May 1719  
Earl of Newcastle 1692 Butler extinct 18 June 1740 also Viscount Galmoye in the peerage of Ireland.
Countess Oglethorpe of Oglethorpe 9 November 1722 Oglethorpe extinct 1756
Earl of Browne 12 April 1726 Browne extinct 19 December 1803 also Count von Browne of the Holy Roman Empire.
Earl of Moenmoyne 1746 Lally extinct 11 March 1830  
Earl Walsh 20 October 1745 Walsh extinct 26 October 1884  
Earl of Lismore 11 October 1746 O'Brien extinct before 1789  

Viscounts[edit]

Viscounts in the peerage of England[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Viscount Preston 21 January 1689 Graham extinct 1739 also Viscount Preston of Haddington in the peerage of Scotland (cr. 1682)
Viscount Cheveley 9 July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 subsidiary title of the Earl of Dover
Viscount Tunstall 3 May 1692 Hales extinct 15 March 1829 subsidiary title of the Earl of Tenterden
Viscount Clermont between 16 September and 17 October 1701 Middleton extinct February 1747 subsidiary title of the Earl of Monmouth
Viscount Dartford April 1716 Villiers extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Jersey
Viscount Winchendon 22 December 1716 Wharton extinct 31 May 1731 subsidiary title of the Duke of Northumberland
Viscount Bevel 6 October 1721 Granville dormant 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Earl of Bath
Viscount Bevel 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Viscount Goring 2 January 1722 Goring extant also Baronet Goring, of Burton, co. Sussex (Baronetage of England), regrant 1678 with precedence 14 May 1622

Viscounts in the peerage of Scotland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Viscount of Rickerton 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort
Viscount of Moneydie 12 April 1698 Davia unknown subsidiary title of the Earl of Almond
Viscount of Cargill before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth
Viscount of Aytoun shortly before 12 November 1705 Gualterio extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Dundee
Viscount of Garioch 22 October 1715 Erskine extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar
Viscount of Glenshie 1 February 1717 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch
Viscount of The Bass 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco
Viscount of Innerpaphrie 5 October 1718 Hay extinct 1740 subsidiary title of the Earl of Inverness
Viscount of Drumcairn 2 February 1721 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Dunbar
Viscount of Stanley 24 June 1721 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Nairne
Viscount of the Aird and Strathglass 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser
Viscount of Falkirk 20 January 1760 Graeme extinct 3 January 1773 subsidiary title of the Earl of Alford

Viscounts in the peerage of Ireland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Viscount Mountcashell 1 May 1689 MacCarty extinct 1 July 1694 created for Lieutenant-General Justin MacCarthy.
Viscount Kenmare 20 May 1689 Browne extinct 1952 also Baronet of Killarney, County Kerry (created 1622 by King James I)
Viscount Mount Leinster 23 August 1689 Cheevers extinct 1709 created for Edward Cheevers, Aide-de-camp of King James II at the Battle of the Boyne. Brother-in-law of Patrick Sarsfield, Earl of Lucan (q.v.)
Viscount Cahiravahilla 1689 or 1690 Roche either extinct 5 June 1807, or dormant created for Dominick Roche, Mayor of Limerick, who died in 1701; his sons appear to have let it lapse
Viscount Tully January 1691 Sarsfield extinct 12 May 1719 subsidiary title of the Earl of Lucan
Viscount Dillon 1 February 1717 Dillon extant elevated to Earl of Dillon,1721 (q.v.) in the Peerage of Scotland
Viscount Everard 20 June 1723 Everard extinct 1740 also Baronet of Fethard, County Tipperary (created 1622 by King James I)
Viscount Breffney 31 July 1731 O'Rourke extinct on the death of the grantee created for Owen (or Audeonus or Eugenius) O'Rourke, Ambassador of King James III & VIII to the Imperial Court at Vienna
Viscount Breffney July 1742 O'Rourke dormant since the 18th century see above. New patent with precedence of former grant, with remainder to his cousin Constantine O'Rourke, Count of the Russian Empire, and the heirs male of his body.
Viscount Ballymole 1746 Lally extinct 11 March 1830 subsidiary title of the Earl of Moenmoyne
Viscount Tallow 11 October 1746 O'Brien extinct before 1789 subsidiary title of the Earl of Lismore

Barons and Lords of Parliament[edit]

Barons in the peerage of England[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Baron Liddal of Esk 21 January 1689 Graham extinct 1739 subsidiary title of Viscount Preston
Baron Jermyn of Royston 9 July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 subsidiary title of the Earl of Dover
Baron Ipswich 9 July 1689 Jermyn extinct 6 April 1708 subsidiary title of the Earl of Dover
Baron Cleworth 7 August 1689 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 also Earl of Melfort in Scotland, Duke of Melfort from 17 April 1692 and Duke of Perth from 2 July 1800
Baron Hales of Emley 3 May 1692 Hales extinct 15 March 1829 subsidiary title of the Earl of Tenterden
Baron Romney 13 January 1696 FitzJames extinct 17 December 1702 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Baron Caryll of Durford Before 29 January 1698 Caryll extinct 1788
Baron Hoo April 1716 Villiers extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Jersey
Baron Cottington of Fonthill Gifford 1717 Cottington extinct 1758  
Baron ... 10 November 1717 Erskine extinct 16 March 1766 subsidiary title of the Earl of Mar (in the Peerage of England)
Baron Oglethorpe 20 December 1717 Oglethorpe extinct 1 July 1785  
Baron Lansdown 6 October 1721 Granville dormant 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Earl of Bath
Baron Lansdown of Bideford 3 November 1721 Granville extinct 2 July 1776 subsidiary title of the Duke of Albemarle
Baron Bullinghel 2 January 1722 Goring extant subsidiary title of the Viscount Goring
Baron Hay 3 April 1727 Hay extinct 1740 also Earl of Inverness in Scotland, Duke of Inverness from 4 April 1727

Lords of Parliament in the peerage of Scotland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Lord Castlemains and Galston 17 April 1692 Drummond extinct 28 February 1902 subsidiary title of the Duke of Melfort
Lord Davia 12 April 1698 Davia unknown subsidiary title of the Earl of Almond
Lord Concraig before 17 October 1701 Drummond extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Perth
Lord Sempill of Dykehead 1712 (?) Sempill dormant Francis Sempill, 2nd Lord Sempill of Dykehead, Jacobite agent in Paris, 1740–1745, died 9 December 1748.
Lord Alloa, Ferriton and Forrest 22 October 1715 Erskine extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Mar
Lady Clanranald 28 September 1716 Mackenzie extinct 1743
Lord of Clanranald 28 September 1716 Macdonald of Clanranald extant
Lord MacLeod 8 December 1716 MacLeod of MacLeod extant
Lord MacDonell 9 December 1716 MacDonell of Glengarry extant
Lord Maclean 17 December 1716 Maclean extant also Baronet, of Morvaren (or Morvern) in the County of Argyll, in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia created on 3 September 1631
Lord Sleat 23 December 1716 MacDonald extant also Baronet Macdonald of Sleat in the Isle of Skye in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia, created 28 May 1625 (Titular "Baron Macdonald of Slate" in the County of Antrim in the Peerage of Ireland, created 1766, between 1766 and 1832)
Lord Lochiel 27 January 1717 Cameron of Lochiel extant
Lord Strathbran 1 February 1717 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Duke of Rannoch
Lord Divron 4 February 1717 de Rozas dormant subsidiary title of the Duke of St Andrews and Castelblanco
Lord Cromlix and Erne 5 October 1718 Hay extinct 1740 subsidiary title of the Earl of Inverness
Lord Mackintosh 21 January 1721 Mackintosh of Mackintosh extant
Lord Haldykes 2 February 1721 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Dunbar
Lord Grant 24 June 1721 Grant of Grant extant Title created for the Chief of Clan Grant, who subsequently supported the House of Hanover. Also baronets of Nova Scotia, of Colquhoun of Colquhoun (cr. 1625). From 5 October 1811, the 4th Lord Grant and 9th baronet of Colquhoun, succeeded as 5th "Earl of Seafield, Viscount of Reidhaven and Lord Ogilvie of Deskford and Cullen" (cr. 1701 by the usurper William of Orange-Nassau, which titles remained united with the Lordship of Grant until 12 November 1915, when the honours of Lord Grant and Chief of Clan Grant, together with the baronetcy of Colquhoun, passed to the "4th Baron Strathspey of Strathspey" (cr. 1884 by the usurpress Alexandrina Viktoria, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) and his heirs.
Lord ... 24 June 1721 Murray extant subsidiary title of the Earl of Nairne
Lord Fraser of Muchalls 20 July 1723 Fraser extant from 13 December 1792, this title was inherited by the 3rd Duke of Fraser and upon the extinction of the Duchy of Fraser, 8 December 1815, passed to the 14th Lord Lovat and his heirs.
Lord Lovat and Beauly 14 March 1740 Fraser extinct 8 December 1815 subsidiary title of the Duke of Fraser
Lord Appin 6 June 1743 Stewart of Appin extant the present (2009) Lord is Andrew Francis Stewart of Lorn, Appin and Ardsheal, 17th of Appin & 12th of Ardsheal (b. 1949)
Lord Newton 20 January 1760 Graeme extinct 3 January 1773 subsidiary title of the Earl of Alford
Lord Oliphant 1760 Oliphant of Gask extinct 1847

Barons in the peerage of Ireland[edit]

Title Date of creation Surname Current status Notes
Baron Bourke of Bophin 2 April 1689 Bourke extinct 12 April 1916 also Earl of Clanricarde from 1702
Baron Nugent of Riverston 3 April 1689 Nugent extant also Earl of Westmeath from 1871
Baron Castleinch 1 May 1689 MacCarty extinct 1 July 1694 subsidiary title of the Viscount Mountcashell
Baron Fitton of Gawsworth 1 May 1689 Fitton extinct November 1698 Created for Alexander Fitton who was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1687–1690
Baron Castlerosse 20 May 1689 Browne extinct 1952 subsidiary title of the Viscount Kenmare
Baron Bannow 23 August 1689 Cheevers extinct 1709 subsidiary title of the Viscount Mount Leinster
Baron Tarbert 1689 or 1690 Roche extinct 5 June 1807 subsidiary title of the Viscount Cahiravahilla  
Baron Loughmore 1690 Purcell extant also Baron of Loughmoe from 1328
Baron Rosberry January 1691 Sarsfield extinct 12 May 1719 subsidiary title of the Earl of Lucan
Baron Hooke of Hooke Castle 19 February 1708 Hooke extinct 20 August 1744 created for Colonel Nathaniel Hooke, special envoy of King James III & VIII and later of Louis XIV of France to prepare abortive Jacobite rising in 1708
Baron Redmond 15 December 1721 Redmond extinct before 26 March 1732 created Baronet 1717 (q.v.)
Baron Macmahon 19 January 1723 Macmahon unknown  
Baron Castle Lyons 17 March 1726 O'Brien extinct before 1789 also Earl of Lismore from 11 October 1746
Baron Mountany 12 April 1726 Browne extinct 19 December 1803 subsidiary title of the Earl of Browne
Baron Bourke 3 February 1727 Bourke unknown  
Baron Butler 1 April 1727 Butler unknown  
Baron O'Rourke 18 April 1727 O'Rourke extinct on the death of the grantee also Viscount Breffney from 31 July 1731
Baron Crone 16 February 1728 Crone unknown  
Baron Carha July 1742 O'Rourke dormant since the 18th century subsidiary title of the Viscount Breffney
Baron Tollendally 1746 Lally extinct 11 March 1830 subsidiary title of the Earl of Moenmoyne

Baronets[edit]

Baronets of England[edit]

Surname Date of creation Current status Notes
Ashton 8 November 1692 unknown  
Ronchi 24 July 1715 unknown  
Redmond 20 December 1717 extinct before 26 March 1732 also Baron Redmond in the peerage of Ireland from 15 December 1721
Ronchi 5 October 1722 unknown  
Connock 22 February 1732 unknown  
Constable 17 September 1753 unknown  

Baronets of Nova Scotia[edit]

Surname Date of creation Current status Notes
Nairne of Sandfurd 7 February 1719 extinct after January 1740 For David Nairne, Under Secretary of State, 1689–1713 (with intervals), Clerk of the King's Council, 1706–1713, Secretary of the Closet, 1713–1733
MacLeod 5 September 1723 extant
Robertson of Struan 1725 extant For Alexander Robertson of Struan, 13th Chief of Clan Donnachaidh and the only man to take part in all three Jacobite uprisings
Robertson of Fascally 10 May 1725 extinct in the 18th century  
Graeme 6 September 1726 extinct 3 January 1773 also Earl of Alford from 20 January 1760
fforester 31 March 1729 unknown  
Ramsay 23 March 1735 extinct 6 May 1743 known as the "Chevalier Ramsay", leading exponent of Scottish Freemasonry
Lumisden 5 January 1740 extinct 1751  
MacGregor 14 March 1740 unknown For Alexander Macgregor Drummond of Balhaldie, elected Chief of Clan Gregor and a distinguished Jacobite
MacDonnell of Keppoch 6 June 1743 dormant since 1838
Hay 31 January 1747 unknown  
Edgar of Keithock 1759 extant  
Hay of Restalrig 31 December 1766 extant after 1825, also "Baronets of Alderston" (created by Princess George of Denmark in 1703)
Stewart 4 November 1784 unknown  

Baronets of Ireland[edit]

Surname Date of creation Current status Notes
Lally 7 July 1707 extinct 11 March 1830 also Earl of Moenmoyne from 1746
Sherlock 9 December 1716 unknown  
Wogan June 1719 unknown  
Higgins 6 May 1724 unknown  
Sheridan 17 March 1726 extinct circa 1747  
O'Gara 2 May 1727 extinct 1776  
Hely 28 June 1728 unknown  
Worth 12 September 1733 unknown  
Forstal 22 January 1734 unknown  
Gaydon 29 July 1743 unknown  
Butler 23 December 1743 unknown  
Warren 3 November 1746 extinct 21 June 1775  
Rutledge 23 December 1748 unknown  
O'Sullivan 9 May 1753 extinct 24 March 1895  

Knights of the Garter and Knights of the Thistle[edit]

Knights of the Most Honourable Order of the Garter[edit]

Name Date of creation Notes
Richard Talbot, Duke of Tyrconnell November 1690  
James Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 19 April 1692 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 16 September 1701
William Herbert, 1st Duke of Powis 19 April 1692  
John Drummond, 1st Duke of Melfort 19 April 1692 Created Knight of the Order of the Thistle, 1687
Antoine Nompar de Caumont, marquis de Puyguilhem, duc de Lauzun 19 April 1692 Duke and Peer of France, Marshal of France. At the Court of King James II, 1685–1688, accompanied Queen Mary Beatrice and the Prince of Wales to France, December 1688. With King James II in Ireland, 1689–1691. Confidant of Queen Mary Beatrice after 1701.
Henry Fitz-James, Duke of Albemarle 1696 Grand Prior of the English Commandery of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta
James Drummond, 1st Duke of Perth 21 June 1706 Created Knight of the Order of the Thistle, 1687
Piers Butler, 3rd Viscount of Galmoye, 1st Earl of Newcastle (in the Peerage of Ireland) after 26 January 1715 Nominated to succeed the Duke of Melfort (see above)
John Erskine, 1st Duke of Mar 8 April 1716 Created "Knight of the Order of the Thistle" by Princess George of Denmark, 1706. "Degraded" 1715
Charles Edward, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 25 December 1722 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 1 January 1766
James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton 30 July 1723 Created "Knight of the Order of the Thistle" by the usurper Elector George I of Hanover, 1726
Philip Wharton, Duke of Northumberland 5 March 1726  
James Fitz-James Stuart, Earl of Tynemouth 3 April 1727 Succeeded as 2nd Duke of Berwick and 2nd Duque de Liria y Jérica, Grandee of Spain 1734
Henry Benedict, Duke of York Before 1729 Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, 1747. Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 31 January 1788
Daniel O'Brien, 1st Earl of Lismore November 1747  

Knights of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle[edit]

Name Date of creation Notes
James Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 1692 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 16 September 1701
David Graham of Claverhouse, 3rd Viscount of Dundee 1692  
Richard Maitland, 4th Earl of Lauderdale 1692  
James Seton, 4th Earl of Dunfermline 1692  
James Drummond, Marquis of Drummond March 1705 Succeeded his father as 2nd Duke of Perth, 11 May 1716
Charles Hay, 13th Earl of Erroll March 1705  
William Keith, 9th Earl Marischal February 1708  
Giovanni Battista Gualterio, 1st Earl of Dundee 10 May 1708  
James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, 3rd Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland 8 April 1716 Created Knight of the Garter by King James II, 1688. "Degraded" 1715
James Maule, 4th Earl of Panmure 8 April 1716  
William Mackenzie, 2nd Marquess of Seaforth Before December 1716  
Arthur Dillon, 1st Viscount Dillon (I) and 1st Earl of Dillon (S) 26 May 1722  
Charles Edward, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 25 December 1722 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 1 January 1766
George Keith, 10th Earl Marischal 29 December 1725  
John Hay, 1st Earl and 1st Duke of Inverness 31 December 1725  
William Maxwell, 5th Earl of Nithsdale 31 December 1725  
James Murray, 1st Earl of Dunbar 31 December 1725  
James Drummond, 3rd Duke of Perth 15 May 1739  
James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton 27 July 1740 Created Knight of the Garter, 1723 (see above)
Henry Benedict, Duke of York Before 1742 Succeeded as Sovereign of the Order, 31 January 1788
John Caryll, 3rd Baron Caryll of Dunford (in the Peerage of England) 1768 Secretary of State of King Charles III
Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany 30 November 1784 Natural daughter of King Charles III

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]