Jacopo Riccati

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jacopo Riccati
Jacopo Francesco Riccati (1676-1754).jpg
Jacopo Francesco Riccati (1676-1754)
Born 28 May 1676
Venice, Venetian Republic (now Italy)
Died 15 April 1754
Treviso, Venetian Republic (now Italy)
Residence Italy
Nationality Italian
Fields Mathematician
Alma mater University of Padua
Notable students Vincenzo Riccati
Known for Riccati equation
Influences Stefano degli Angeli
Notes
Father of Vincenzo Riccati and Giordano Riccati.

Jacopo Francesco Riccati (28 May 1676 – 15 April 1754) was an Italian mathematician, born in Venice. He is now remembered for the Riccati equation. He died in Treviso in 1754.

Education[edit]

Riccati was educated first at the Jesuit school for the nobility in Brescia, and in 1693 he entered the University of Padua to study law. He received a doctorate in law (Ll.d.) in 1696. Encouraged by Stefano degli Angeli to pursue mathematics, he studied mathematical analysis.

Career[edit]

Riccati received various academic offers, but declined them in order to devote his full attention to the study of mathematical analysis on his own. Peter the Great invited him to Russia as president of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He was also invited to Vienna as an imperial councilor and was offered a professorship at the University of Padua. He declined all these offers.

He was often consulted by the Senate of Venice on the construction of canals and dikes along rivers.

Some of his work on multinomials was included by Maria Gaetana Agnesi, at Riccati's request, in the book on integral calculus of her Analytical Institutions.[1]

The Riccati equation is named after him.

Personal life[edit]

His father, Ars Riccati, came from a noble family who owned land near Venice. His father was the Conte Montino Riccati and his mother was from the powerful Colonna family. His father died in 1686, when Riccati was only ten, leaving the youth a handsome estate.

Jacopo's son, Vincenzo Riccati, a Jesuit, followed his father's footsteps and pioneered the development of hyperbolic functions.

A second son, Giordano Riccati was the first to measure the ratio of Young's moduli of metals—predating the better known Thomas Young by 25 years.

Honors[edit]

Jacobo Riccati was named honorary Academician of the Institute of Bologna in 1723.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Maria Gaetana Agnesi. "The author's preface to the reader". Analytical Institutions, p. XXIII on Google Books, London, 1801

External links[edit]