Jacqueline de Ribes

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Jacqueline de Ribes
Blason des ribes.jpg
Born Jacqueline Bonnin de La Bonninière de Beaumont
(1929-07-14) 14 July 1929 (age 85)
Paris
Nationality French
Occupation designer and socialite
Spouse(s) Comte Édouard de Ribes (1948–2013)
Children Madame Elisabeth van der Kemp née de Ribes and Comte Jean de Ribes
Parent(s)
  • Jean de Beaumont, comte Bonnin de la Bonninière de Beaumont (deceased)
  • Paule de Rivaud de La Raffinière (deceased)

Jacqueline, comtesse de Ribes (born 14 July 1929)[1][2] in Paris, France is a French aristocrat, socialite and fashion designer. She is also a member of the International Best Dressed List since 1962.[3][4] Jacqueline de Ribes, is the timeless incarnation of her style[5]

In November 2015 and until January 2016, the New York Metropolitan Museum, in the Costume Institut, will pay tribute to the elegance, style and creativity of Jacqueline de Ribes. [6] [7]


Early life[edit]

She was born 1929 in Paris as Jacqueline Bonnin de La Bonninière de Beaumont. Her parents were Jean de Beaumont, comte Bonnin de la Bonninière de Beaumont (1904–2002), and his wife Paule de Rivaud de La Raffinière (1908–1999). She grew up in an atmosphere of French aristocratic wealth and elegance. One of her famous relatives was her uncle Étienne de Beaumont, comte Bonnin de la Bonninière de Beaumont (1883–1956). Since childhood, Jacqueline de Ribes has developed her own imagination, creativity, inventing a world of beauty. Since she could, Jacqueline de Ribes has continued to put her talent and energy for promoting culture and French elegance. Through her education and aristocratic environment from which it originated, thanks to her style, wit and knowledge of international political and artistic circles, she has inspired around her a favorable climate for intellectual exchange and creation.[8]

At nine years old, Jacqueline de Ribes wrote her first play, "The Two orphan". She’s also made the costumes and sets. She played with her brother and sister in one of the family properties, the castle of La Chataigneraie[9] on the hill of Saint Cloud, in around one hundred acres overlooking to Paris. This performance took place in front of fifty people (family and staff). At thirteen years old, then Jacqueline de Ribes rises to the institution of “Notre-Dame des Oiseaux”, near Versailles, she was responsible for school performances, including plays. Here as well, she realized the sets and costumes, she owed more than ever express her creative instinct, due to the War restrictions, many of the sumptuous costumes were in fact in paper.

In February 1948, she married Édouard de Ribes, vicomte de Ribes (1923–2013), a rich and successful banker, who subsequently became comte de Ribes, and Officer of the Legion of Honour,[10] Croix de guerre 1939-1945.[11] They have two children, a daughter Elisabeth (born 17 February 1949)[1] and a son vicomte Jean de Ribes (born 4 August 1952).[1] Her daughter married Frank Van der Kemp,[1] son of Gérald Van der Kemp (1912–2002). Their daughter Alix Van der Kemp married Count Pierre de la Rochefoucauld at Château de Versainville in Normandy in 2004.[12]

Life in fashion and society[edit]

By the age of 25, she was appearing on the lists of best-dressed women, having consistently worn haute couture clothing all her life.[13] She was consistently named to the International Best Dressed List. She was one of the guests who attended Carlos de Beistegui famous "Le Bal oriental" in 1951, Alexis von Rosenberg, Baron de Redé famous "Bal des Têtes" in 1957 and the "Oriental bal" in 1969, both at the Hôtel Lambert. She was also invited to Truman Capote's "Black and White Ball" in 1966.

Jacqueline de Ribes is a model, a aesthetic reference[14][15] because she was able to take the teaching experiences with the greatest aesthetes of the previous generation encountered during her life. As her uncle Etienne de Beaumont, Charles de Beistegui, Luchino Visconti, Emilio Pucci and Yves Saint Laurent, all recognized in her a spirit, a humor, a flame and exceptional creativity.[16] They shared the same quest for beauty and necessity of creation.[17]

She has been the muse of many designers such as Valentino,Guy Laroche and mainly Yves Saint Laurent .

Although she was interested in designing [18] her upbringing did not encourage women of her class to work. So her longing to have a salon of her own was not fulfilled until she was well into her fifties. her architectural studies, her aesthetic sense and sensitivity, her artists attendance stimulate her creative impulse. In 1982, supported by her friends designers Valentino, Ungaro and especially Yves Saint Laurent, who intends to sponsor her, she decided to create her own fashion house, call "jacqueline de Ribes".[19] Her first collection was shown in Paris and New York in 1983.[20] Her aura of discreet grandeur and innate sense of good taste ensured that the gowns she designed were greatly admired. She was, of course, the soul of the house Jacqueline de Ribes during the twelve years of her existence, but also a real entrepreneur whose skills enable her to win the Rodeo Drive Award, awarded to Los Angeles in 1985.[21]

The house Jacqueline de Ribes contributes to the positive image of the active French woman, business-woman, creativity and innovation at the heart of stiff competition.[22] Its design office existed in Paris, New York and Tokyo. Success was almost immediate.[23] The prestigious chain of American department stores Saks Fifth Avenue[24] asked exclusivity for three years for the United States, agreeing to fund all presentations and parades in America during this period. In Japan, the powerful Kanebo cosmetics company[25] decided to launch a concept and a trademark Jacqueline de Ribes and, to this end, opens a mansion in Tokyo, inspired by his Parisian decor, to present its collections.

For twelve years, Jacqueline de Ribes innovates by creating ready-to-wear collections whose quality is close to that of high fashion, and imposes sophisticated marketing techniques to attract a famous and elegant international clients, such as: Joan Collins, Raquel Welch, Barbara Walters, Baroness von Thyssen, Cher, Danielle Steel, Olympia de Rothschild, Marie-Hélène de Rothschild ...[26]

Her creations are applauded during shows, she received several "standing ovations" by the international press, and the most respected fashion journalists as Hebe Dorsey[27] (International Herald Tribune) or John Fairchild (Women's Wear Daily)[28] sing its praises. In 1985, WWD assigns Four Stars, placing first among the creators of the year before Chanel, Yves Saint Laurent and Valentino.[29]

Over the years, she became the most famous ambassador of French elegance. Following a health problem in 1995, Jacqueline de Ribes is forced to dissolve his company.

The timelessness of Jacqueline de Ribes, illuminates; particularly[30] when Emilio Pucci said, there was a very long time, it could be the new Christian Dior. In 1998, fashion designer Tom Ford,[31] said he was inspired her. Or in 1999 when Jean-Paul Gaultier's collection dedicated to her as the quintessence of Parisian elegance. Again in January 2015, in the cultural reference that represents the rare and demanding famous French Egoiste magazine,[32] Charlotte Casiraghi (daughter of Princess Caroline of Monaco) is photographed by Paolo Roversi wearing a dress from the fashion house Jacqueline de Ribes.[33]

Egeria of the greatest photographers[34] Such as Penn, Horst, Avedon, Clarke,[35] Armstrong-Jones,[36] Ostier,[37] David Bailey,[38] Sieff, Slim Aarons, Mondino, [1], etc. always celebrate her pace, style and timeless elegance.


On 14 July 2010, the French President Nicolas Sarkozy decorated her as a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur[39] at the Elysée Palace.

Theatre artistic director and Producer of Cuevas Ballet[edit]

In 1958, she produced the first play performed at the new Recamier Theatre, "When five years will be passed" by Federico Garcia Lorca, with Laurent Terzieff[40] and Pascale de Boysson[41] and a Raimundo de Larrain[42] scenery.[43]

Then she voluntarily takes very important responsibilities and essential in the Company's Ballets du de Cuevas. First godmother of the company, she quickly became managing director and its main financial support after the death of the Marquis de Cuevas.[44] For over three years, Jacqueline de Ribes driven by his creative imagination involved in designing costumes and scenery became legendary ballets alongside Raimundo de Larrain.[45][46]

It is with the help of Jacqueline de Ribes that Rudolf Noureev[47] after his jump of Liberty at Le Bourget airport in June 1961, obtained his first contract with a private ballet troupe. Thus, he dances to the Champs-Élysées theater for the Marquis de Cuevas[48] Ballet in the Sleeping Beauty[49] and the show creates a global artistic event.

Responsible for the financial survival of the company, she has to fight constantly to produce such wonderful ballet Cinderella[50] and consequently boost patronage actions through interventions from donors. It allows the company to live and to dance, not only in France but in many European countries, where they are successful.

Producer, movies, television[edit]

Following this experience, she is co-producing the initiative for the first French television channel, a film in three episodes from the book by Luigi Barzini,[51] "Italians", published by Gallimard in 1966. She carries herself even a few interviews a Roman convent, traditional artisans, the designer Valentino, the jeweler Bulgari, Gina Lollobrigida, Alberto Sordi, Virna Lisi and especially his friend Luchino Visconti. At the time, he turns "The Stranger" by Camus[52] in Algeria with Marcello Mastroianni.

It was during this trip that Visconti asked[53] her to play the duchesse de Guermantes[54] in his next film "In Search ..." according to Marcel Proust, she agreed. Visconti sick, the movie will not happen.[55] In the seventies, she had focused her efforts on volunteers show production and co-produced the Eurovision TV shows to benefit UNICEF. For this great cause, she was responsible for convincing the biggest names in show business at the time to participate in free emissions. She managed well, putting all his energy and her time in the service of UNICEF[56] to mobilize Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Marlon Brando, Danny Kaye, Peter Ustinov, Shirley MacLaine, Ravi Shankar, Johnny Hallyday and Choirs of Red Army, among others ...

In 1974, she co-chairs, with the Duke of Edinburgh and Mrs. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, the European Alliance against cancer, created to support medical research in this field. She organizes in Paris, with a huge worldly and financial success, the first of "Tess" [57]movie of the director Roman Polanski, for the benefit to Alliance against cancer.

Active “mécène” of many museums and institutions[edit]

She chaired the Association of Friends of Foreigners Orsay museum[58] during the Monet exhibition in Tokyo[59] in 1996 and as a benefactor, it supports the Friends of several museums and foundations initiatives France. It helps, too, to the restoration and maintenance of French and world heritage, accepting, for example, at the 2007 Biennale, to chair of Venetian Heritage,[60] American Association for the Safeguarding of Venice.

Humanitarian and charitable activities[edit]

Jacqueline de Ribes used her fame to devote it to humanitarian causes throughout the world.[61][62]

She accepted the presidency of the International Committee of the Embassy Ball Association. So, she is actively involved in fundraising for the benefit of children with disabilities in the world, by organizing the first charity events at the Waldorf Astoria in New York.[63] In 1962,[64][65] as part of this function, she was named Honorary Citizen of the City of Florence after the delivery of the contributions of the Association to the Director of the Meyer Hospital.[66] This is the Mayor of Florence Giorgio La Pira,[67] famous Italian politician who sent him the insignia of the city during an official ceremony at the famous Palazzo Vecchio.[68]

It also plays a key role in the preparation of the Petits-Lits Blancs Ball in New Orleans in 1976, organized to celebrate the bicentennial of the American Revolution (to which his family was very closely related), where she raises money important to the Association. Not to mention the countless actions to UNICEF.[69] For all of these actions and committed volunteer for exceptional results, Jacqueline de Ribes is among the winners of the prestigious Women of Achievement Awards Gala[70] at its fifth edition, in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1980, alongside the actress Bette Davis, the archaeologist Iris Love, philanthropist Ann Getty, the Dame Sheila Sherlock hepatologist and politician Jessie M. Rattley, among others....[71]

Ecology Action[edit]

Jacqueline de Ribes is a pioneer in the field of nature conservation and ecology, as early as 1974 in the Balearic Islands, she works for the respect of the natural beauty and for the survival of the species in the wild islands yet. Convinced of the ecological issue, she decided to orchestrate an international campaign to safeguard the Mediterranean of Espalmaor, migratory bird refuge. Speaking personally with several Spanish ministers, including the legendary Manuel Fraga Iribarne, she managed to fight the local political construction limitless and, supported by its international backers, she obtained the classification of the island as a nature reserve and its final backup.

Famous parties[edit]

Year Title Host Location
1951 Le Bal oriental or sometimes called Le Bal du Siècle[72] Carlos de Beistegui Palazzo Labia, Venice
1957 Bal des Têtes[73] Alexis von Rosenberg, Baron de Rédé Hôtel Lambert, Paris
1960 Il ballo dei re Duke and Duchess of Serra di Cassano Palazzo Serra di Cassano, Naples
1965 My Fair Lady Ball[74] Madame. Hélène Rochas La Grande Cascade, Bois de Boulogne, Paris
1966 Black and White Ball[75] Mr. Truman Capote Plaza Hotel, New York
1968 The Patiño Ball Monseiur. Antenor Patiño and Madame. Beatriz Patiño La Quinta, Estoril, Portugal
1968 La Dolce Vita Ball Monseiur. Pierre Schlumberger and Madame. São Schlumberger Quinta do Vinagre, Colares (Sintra), Portugal
1969 The White Ball[76] Prince Prince Rupert Loewenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg and

Princess Josephine zu Löewenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg

Holland Park, London
1969 Oriental Bal[77][78] Alexis von Rosenberg, Baron de Rédé Hôtel Lambert, Paris
1971 The Proust Bal[79] Baroness Marie-Hélène de Rothschild and Baron Guy de Rothschild Château de Ferrières

Recognition[edit]

Titles[edit]

  • 1929–48: Mademoiselle Jacqueline Bonnin de La Bonninière de Beaumont
  • 1948–81: Jacqueline, vicomtesse de Ribes
  • 1981–: Jacqueline, comtesse de Ribes[85]

Family origins[edit]

The Countess de Ribes, was born Bonin de La Bonninière de Beaumont she is the daughter[86] of Count Jean de Beaumont[87] (1904-2002) Commander of the Legion of Honor, vice president for nearly thirty years of the International Committee of the Olympic Games, President, of the French Academy of Sports and Chairman[88] of Cercle de l’Union Interalliée[89] and Countess, born Paule Rivaud de La Raffinière[90] (1908-1999) who was a woman of letters, among others, translator and producer of the theatrical work of Tennessee Williams. This last, daughter of Olivier Rivaud, banker founder of the financial group Rivaud.

The Rivaud de La Raffinnière his an old French judiciary family. Charles Rivaud Lord of Gautrie was the king's counselor at the headquarters of Civray, lieutenant general of police in the royal seat and mayor of Civray, he was the father of Olivier, the youngest of ten children. Olivier was one of the Napoleon generals,[91] in 1802, tittered Baron in 1808, Count de La Raffinière in 1811. Napoleon had offered him to be king of Sweden, but he refused to spare his future marriage. He was Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor and his name is on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.[92]

Beaumont’s family his known since Hugues in 1160.[93][94] This old family came from Touraine, in the center of France. The filiation is followed, since William who received the 3th September 1397 a tribute to Pierre de Breuil, and went himself tribute September 16, 1403, Monseigneur de Maille for her property parish Beaumont-la-Ronce.[95] The castle of Beaumont-la-Ronce is still the possession of the Marquis de Beaumont. Their coats of arms are included in Versailles’s Crusades room. They were honored by many titles: Marquis de Beaumont in 1757, Earl in 1808, baron in 1811, peer of France in 1815. They have three Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, two great officers, five commanders, eight officers and eighteen knights, whose Jacqueline de Ribes, since April 18, 2010. Decoration has been given to her by the French Président.[96]

If the Countess de Ribes has forged close relationships so be a link with the United States, this is atavistic because one of her ancestor the Marquis de Castries, Marshal of France, had a decisive role in the success of the American War of Independence, he was in this time Minister of the Navy of the king Louis XVI. Consecutively, he was awarded of the Order of Cincinnati. Recently, another relative, the Count Gustave de Beaumont married Clementine Lafayette, granddaughter of the Marquis de La Fayette. Gustave de Beaumont was a member of the Institut de France in 1841, he studied the American judicial system assisted[97] by Tocqueville.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d Le Nobiliaire de France ˆ Tome II. 1976. p. 1420. 
  2. ^ Amy Fine Collins (23 August 2010). "The Last Queen of Paris". Style. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  3. ^ VF Staff (1962). "World's Best Dressed Women". The International Hall of Fame: Women. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Ultimate Style – The Best of the Best Dressed List. 2004. p. 89. ISBN 2 84323 513 8. 
  5. ^ Nars, François, and André Leon Talley, X-Ray, New York, 1999
  6. ^ http://nymag.com/thecut/2014/12/met-to-take-you-inside-a-countesss-wardrobe.html
  7. ^ http://www.wwd.com/fashion-news/fashion-scoops/de-ribes-due-at-the-met-8087586
  8. ^ "Jacqueline de Ribes," in Town & Country, September 1995. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3Sl9aPJnv
  9. ^ http://fr.topic-topos.com/chateau-de-la-chataigneraie-la-celle-saint-cloud
  10. ^ https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat%C3%A9gorie:Officier_de_la_L%C3%A9gion_d%27honneur
  11. ^ https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat%C3%A9gorie:Titulaire_de_la_croix_de_guerre_1939-1945
  12. ^ "Suzy". Women’s Wear Daily. 24 September 2004. 
  13. ^ http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2010/09/jacqueline-deribes-201009
  14. ^ http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html
  15. ^ http://fashionartdaily.blogspot.fr/2010/07/countess-vs-countess.html#.VN4M_y7ysQs
  16. ^ http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/knowledge/Jacqueline_de_Ribes.html
  17. ^ Morris, Bernadine, "Jacqueline de Ribes Had a Design Suited to Success," in the New York Times, 30 September 1985. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SfuDhEkO
  18. ^ Gainesville Sun, 30 September 1985, archive
  19. ^ Donovan, Carrie, "Social Graces," in the New York Times Magazine, 10 July 1983. "Jacqueline de Ribes Style: Allure and Tradition," in Vogue, May 1984. Morris, Bernadine, "Jacqueline de Ribes Had a Design Suited to Success," in the New York Times, 30 September 1985. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SgMKSM5R
  20. ^ Palm Beach Daily News, 24 January 1984, archive
  21. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1985-11-08/news/vw-2710_1_rodeo-drive
  22. ^ Shapiro, Harriet, "Going from Riches to Rags, Designing Vicomtesse Jacqueline de Ribes Reaps as She Sews: Handsomely," in People Weekly, 16 December 1985. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SgO9CyR7
  23. ^ "Jacqueline de Ribes," in Harper's Bazaar, April 1986. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SgOGTxYO
  24. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saks_Fifth_Avenue
  25. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kao_Corporation
  26. ^ Menkes, Suzy, "Couture's Grand Ladies," in the Illustrated London News, Spring 1990. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SgP0Z2rb
  27. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1987/12/29/obituaries/hebe-dorsey-dies-in-france-at-62-fashion-writer-at-herald-tribune.html
  28. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_Wear_Daily
  29. ^ Morris, Bernadine, "Laurent: Classic Canon, Soberly Restated—Yves Saint Laurent, Patrick Kelly, and Jacqueline de Ribes," in the New York Times, 24 March 1988. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SgPMouqs
  30. ^ Menkes, Suzy, "Couture's Grand Ladies," in the Illustrated London News, Spring 1990. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SgPMouqs
  31. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Ford
  32. ^ http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89go%C3%AFste_%28magazine%29
  33. ^ Glueck, Grace, "François-Xavier Seren— Noblesse Oblige: Intimate Portraits of European Nobility, 1985-2000 [review], 13 July 2001. Read more: http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/Da-Es/de-Ribes-Jacqueline.html#ixzz3SgQ0vg5c
  34. ^ http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/284296
  35. ^ http://www.blog.jewelryaccessories.com/fashion-photographers/375-henry-clarke.html
  36. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_Armstrong-Jones,_1st_Earl_of_Snowdon
  37. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/André_Ostier
  38. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Bailey
  39. ^ Olivier de Granvil (14 July 2010). "Légion d’Honneur: L’intégralité de la promotion du 14 Juillet". Ministère de la culture et de la communication. NationsPresse.Info. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  40. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurent_Terzieff
  41. ^ http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascale_de_Boysson
  42. ^ http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famille_Larra%C3%ADn
  43. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/books/99/09/12/specials/lorca.html
  44. ^ https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Ballet_du_Marquis_de_Cuevas
  45. ^ http://manogara.net/2013/11/12/raimundo-de-larrain-por-richard-avedon/
  46. ^ http://data.bnf.fr/41362575/hommage_au_marquis_de_cuevas_spectacle_1963/
  47. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Nureyev
  48. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_de_Cuevas
  49. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sleeping_Beauty_%28ballet%29
  50. ^ http://www.britishpathe.com/video/cinderella-ballet-in-paris
  51. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luigi_Barzini,_Jr.
  52. ^ https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Camus
  53. ^ http://patrimoine.editionsjalou.com/lofficiel-de-la-mode-numero_693-page_162-detailp-13-687-162.html
  54. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_Search_of_Lost_Time
  55. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/13/fashion/13iht-fribes.html?_r=0
  56. ^ http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20092481,00.html
  57. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tess_%28film%29
  58. ^ http://www.amis-musee-orsay.org/devenez-membre/
  59. ^ http://collection.nmwa.go.jp/en/P.1959-0148.html
  60. ^ http://www.venetianheritage.eu/cms/content/view/12/26/lang,eng/
  61. ^ http://corporatedir.com/us/company/cac0415525-california-embassy-ball-association Ecology Action
  62. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1961&dat=19840124&id=R7kzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=zukFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4978,1422605
  63. ^ http://loveisspeed.blogspot.fr/2012/02/comtesse-jacqueline-de-ribesthe-last.html
  64. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Fair_Lady
  65. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Fair_Lady_%28film%29
  66. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meyer_Children%27s_Hospital
  67. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgio_La_Pira
  68. ^ http://style-docs-log.blogspot.fr/2012/05/jacqueline-de-ribes.html
  69. ^ http://www.profimedia.me/0166771656
  70. ^ http://wptheater.org/special-events/women-of-achievement-awards-gala/
  71. ^ http://www.wikisearch.net/search?q=Aim%C3%A9e%20de%20Heeren
  72. ^ Vickers 2005, p. 76
  73. ^ Vickers 2005, pp. 98–99
  74. ^ Vickers 2005, p. 126
  75. ^ Party of the Century – The Fabulous Story of Truman Capote and his Black and White Ball. 2006. p. 265. ISBN 047009821X. 
  76. ^ Foulkes 2012, p. 234
  77. ^ Vickers 2005, p. 133
  78. ^ Foulkes 2012, p. 245
  79. ^ Foulkes 2012, p. 277
  80. ^ "Hall of Fame – Countess Jacqueline de Ribes". Vanity Fair (625): 189. September 2012. 
  81. ^ Portraits Best Dressed Hall of Fame – Countesss Jacqueline de Ribes
  82. ^ Vanity Fair
  83. ^ The Fashion Book. 2001. p. 391. ISBN 0 7148 4118 8. 
  84. ^ People, 16 December 1985.
  85. ^ Foulkes 2012, p. 300
  86. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_de_Beaumont
  87. ^ https://books.google.fr/books?id=inCvU-XVxjsC&pg=PA258&lpg=PA258&dq=%C2%AB+Au+hasard+de+la+chance+%C2%BB+1987,+%C3%A9ditions+Julliard.&source=bl&ots=h-81VNW_Jk&sig=dwzRC3mACfuIbjTqb2ztJVMzWm0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_c3cVN6eJoHjUPmkgogN&ved=0CEYQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=%C2%AB%20Au%20hasard%20de%20la%20chance%20%C2%BB%201987%2C%20%C3%A9ditions%20Julliard.&f=false
  88. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cercle_de_l%27Union_interalli%C3%A9e
  89. ^ http://bernaerts.dyndns.org/genealogy-individual-3569.html
  90. ^ http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famille_Rivaud_de_la_Raffini%C3%A8re
  91. ^ https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_des_généraux_de_la_Révolution_et_du_Premier_Empire
  92. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_inscribed_under_the_Arc_de_Triomphe
  93. ^ http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb34211002d
  94. ^ Charles de Beaumont : « La Maison de La Bonninière de Beaumont » 1907, BNF, FOL-LM3-3010
  95. ^ Voir au Cabinet des manuscrits de la BNF : NAL 1668 http://www.bnf.fr
  96. ^ Olivier de Granvil (14 July 2010). "Légion d’Honneur: L’intégralité de la promotion du 14 Juillet". Ministère de la culture et de la communication. NationsPresse.Info. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  97. ^ (Tocqueville) Son voyage aux États-Unis lui fournit, notamment, la matière de deux ouvrages qui lui valurent chacun un prix Montyon : l'un intitulé Du système pénitentiaire aux États-Unis (1833), écrit en collaboration avec Tocqueville ; l'autre, Marie, ou de l'Esclavage aux États-Unis (1835), composé sous forme de récit romantique enrichi de nombreuses notes.
Bibliography
  • Vickers, Hugo (2005). Alexis: The Memoirs of the Baron de Rédé. ISBN 1-904349-03-X. 
  • Foulkes, Nicholas (2012). Bals – Legendary Costume Balls of the Twentieth Century. ISBN 9 781614 280002.