Jacques-Louis Lions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jacques-Louis Lions
Jacques-Louis Lions.jpeg
Born (1928-05-03)3 May 1928
Grasse, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Died 17 May 2001(2001-05-17) (aged 73)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Fields Mathematics
Institutions École Polytechnique
Collège de France
Alma mater University of Nancy
Doctoral advisor Laurent Schwartz
Doctoral students Jean-Pierre Aubin
Alain Bamberger
Alain Bensoussan
Jean-Michel Bismut
Haïm Brezis
Guy Chavent
Erol Gelenbe
Roland Glowinski
Jean-Claude Nédélec
Pierre-Arnaud Raviart
Roger Temam
Known for Partial differential equations
Notable awards Japan Prize (1991)

Jacques-Louis Lions ForMemRS[1] (French: [ljɔ̃]; 3 May 1928 – 17 May 2001) was a French mathematician who made contributions to the theory of partial differential equations and to stochastic control, among other areas. He received the SIAM's John von Neumann prize in 1986. Lions is listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.[2]

Biography[edit]

After being part of the French Résistance in 1943 and 1944, J.-L. Lions entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1947. Professor of mathematics at the Université of Nancy, the Faculty of Sciences of Paris, and the École Polytechnique, he joined the prestigious Collège de France as well as the French Academy of Sciences in 1973. In 1979, he was appointed director of the Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique (INRIA), where he taught and promoted the use of numerical simulations using finite elements integration. Throughout his career, Lions insisted on the use of mathematics in industry, with a particular involvement in the French space program, as well as in domains such as energy and the environment. This eventually led him to be appointed director of the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) from 1984 to 1992.

Lions was elected President of the International Mathematical Union in 1991 and also received the Prize of Japan that same year. In 1992, the University of Houston awarded him an honorary doctoral degree. He was elected president of the French Academy of Sciences in 1996. He has left a considerable body of work, among this more than 400 scientific articles, 20 volumes of mathematics that were translated into English and Russian, and major contributions to several collective works, including the 4000 pages of the monumental Mathematical analysis and numerical methods for science and technology (in collaboration with Robert Dautray), as well as the Handbook of numerical analysis in 7 volumes (with Philippe G. Ciarlet).

His son Pierre-Louis Lions is also a well-known mathematician who was awarded a Fields Medal in 1994.

Books[edit]

  • with Enrico Magenes: Problèmes aux limites non homogènes et applications. 3 vols., 1968, 1970
  • Contrôle optimal de systèmes gouvernés par des équations aux dérivées partielles. 1968
  • with L. Cesari: Quelques méthodes de résolution des problèmes aux limites non linéaires. 1969
  • with Roger Dautray: Mathematical analysis and numerical methods for science and technology. 9 vols., 1984/5
  • with Philippe Ciarlet: Handbook of numerical analysis. 7 vols.
  • with Alain Bensoussan, Papanicolaou: Asymptotic analysis of periodic structures. North Holland 1978
  • Controlabilité exacte, perturbations et stabilisation de systèmes distribués[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ciarlet, P. G. (2002). "Jacques-Louis Lions. 2 May 1928 - 17 May 2001". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 48: 275–210. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2002.0015.  edit
  2. ^ Thomson ISI. "Lions, Jacques-Louis, ISI Highly Cited Researchers". Retrieved 2009-06-20 
  3. ^ Russell, David L. (1990). "Review: Controlabilité Exacte, Perturbations et Stabilisation de Systèmes Distribués, by J.-L. Lions". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.) 22 (2): 353–356. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1990-15909-9. 

External links[edit]