3 May 1928|
Grasse, Alpes-Maritimes, France
|Died||17 May 2001
Collège de France
|Alma mater||University of Nancy|
|Doctoral advisor||Laurent Schwartz|
|Doctoral students||Jean-Pierre Aubin
|Known for||Partial differential equations|
|Notable awards||Japan Prize (1991)|
Jacques-Louis Lions (French: [ljɔ̃]; 3 May 1928 – 17 May 2001) was a French mathematician who made contributions to the theory of partial differential equations and to stochastic control, among other areas. He received the SIAM's John von Neumann prize in 1986 and numerous other distinctions. Lions is listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.
After being part of the French Résistance in 1943 and 1944, J.-L. Lions entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1947. Professor of mathematics at the Université of Nancy, the Faculty of Sciences of Paris, and the École polytechnique, he joined the prestigious Collège de France as well as the French Academy of Sciences in 1973. In 1979, he was appointed director of the Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique (INRIA), where he taught and promoted the use of numerical simulations using finite elements integration. Throughout his career, Lions insisted on the use of mathematics in industry, with a particular involvement in the French space program, as well as in domains such as energy and the environment. This eventually led him to be appointed director of the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) from 1984 to 1992.
Lions was elected President of the International Mathematical Union in 1991 and also received the Japan Prize and the Harvey Prize that same year. In 1992, the University of Houston awarded him an honorary doctoral degree. He was elected president of the French Academy of Sciences in 1996 and was also a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) and numerous other foreign academies.
He has left a considerable body of work, among this more than 400 scientific articles, 20 volumes of mathematics that were translated into English and Russian, and major contributions to several collective works, including the 4000 pages of the monumental Mathematical analysis and numerical methods for science and technology (in collaboration with Robert Dautray), as well as the Handbook of numerical analysis in 7 volumes (with Philippe G. Ciarlet).
- with Enrico Magenes: Problèmes aux limites non homogènes et applications. 3 vols., 1968, 1970
- Contrôle optimal de systèmes gouvernés par des équations aux dérivées partielles. 1968
- with L. Cesari: Quelques méthodes de résolution des problèmes aux limites non linéaires. 1969
- with Roger Dautray: Mathematical analysis and numerical methods for science and technology. 9 vols., 1984/5
- with Philippe Ciarlet: Handbook of numerical analysis. 7 vols.
- with Alain Bensoussan, Papanicolaou: Asymptotic analysis of periodic structures. North Holland 1978
- Controlabilité exacte, perturbations et stabilisation de systèmes distribués
- Thomson ISI. "Lions, Jacques-Louis, ISI Highly Cited Researchers". Retrieved 2009-06-20
- Ciarlet, P. G. (2002). "Jacques-Louis Lions. 2 May 1928 - 17 May 2001". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 48: 275–210. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2002.0015.
- Russell, David L. (1990). "Review: Controlabilité Exacte, Perturbations et Stabilisation de Systèmes Distribués, by J.-L. Lions". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.) 22 (2): 353–356. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1990-15909-9.
- Obituary on SIAM
- Obituary in Automatica
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Jacques-Louis Lions", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Jacques-Louis Lions at the Mathematics Genealogy Project