Jacques Diouf

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Jacques Diouf
Jacques Diouf.jpg
Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
In office
1 January 1994 – 31 December 2011
Preceded by Edouard Saouma
Succeeded by José Graziano da Silva
Deputy Manoj Juneja (India) (Operations): 2011 – present.
Deputy Ann Tutwiler (US) (Knowledge): 2011 – present.
Deputy Changchui He (China) (Operations): 2009 – 2011.
Deputy James G. Butler (US) : 2008–2010.
Deputy David A. Harcharik (US) : 1998–2007.
Deputy Vikram J. Shah (ad personam) (UK) : 1992–1995.
Deputy Howard Hjort (US) : 1992–1997.
Personal details
Born 1 August 1938
Senegal
Nationality Senegal

Jacques Diouf (born 1 August 1938) is a Senegalese diplomat who was Director-General of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) from January 1994 to 31 December 2011. His successor, José Graziano da Silva, was elected in June 2011 and took up his service on 1 January 2012.

Education[edit]

Diouf attended primary and secondary school in his native Saint-Louis, Senegal. He then traveled to France, where he earned a bachelor of science in Agriculture from the Ecole nationale d'agriculture, Grignon-Paris Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon, a Master of Science in Tropical Agronomy from the Ecole nationale d'application d'agronomie tropicale, Nogent-Paris (France), Doctor of Philosophy in Social Sciences of the Rural Sector from the (Agricultural Economics) from the Faculté de droit et de sciences économiques, Panthéon – Sorbonne, Paris.

Career[edit]

Beginning in 1963 at the age of 25, Diouf was the Director of the European Office and the Agricultural Program of the Marketing Board (Paris/Dakar). Leaving that position in 1964, Diouf became the Director of the African Groundnut Council based in Nigeria from 1965 to 1971. From 1971 to 1977 Diouf was the Executive Secretary of the newly created West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA) (now Africa Rice Center). Leaving WARDA in 1978, Diouf became the Secretary of State for Science and Technology of the government of Senegal under both Léopold Sédar Senghor and his successor Abdou Diouf until 1983. In that year he became a member of the parliament of Senegal and the Senegambian Confederation. In Senegal, he was chairman of the foreign relations committee. From 1985 to 1990, Diouf was the Secretary-General of the Central Bank for West African States, which is based in Dakar. Subsequently he was the Senegalese Ambassador to the United Nations from 1991 to 1993.

On 8 November 1993, Diouf was elected Director-General of FAO and in January 1994 began his first six-year term. Diouf was re-elected twice. His last term began in January 2006 and ended in December 2011.

Other functions[edit]

During his career, Dr Diouf has also held other positions of responsibility, including:

  • Representative of Africa to the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Washington, D.C. (USA)
  • Member of the Board of International Agricultural Centres: ICRAF, Nairobi (Kenya), ISNAR, The Hague (Netherlands), IITA, Lagos (Nigeria), as well as the International Institute of Scientific Research for African Development, Adiopodoumé (Côte d'Ivoire)and the International Foundation for Science, Stockholm (Sweden)
  • Member of the Council of the Islamic Foundation for Science and Technology for Development, Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)
  • Member of the Advisory Committee on Medical Research and the Committee on Transfer of Technology. Member of the Expert Advisory Panel on Public Health Administration and Medical Research, World Health Organization, Geneva Switzerland)
  • Member of the Council of African Advisers of the World Bank, Washington, D.C. (USA)
  • Adviser to the International Conservation Financing Project of the World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. (USA)
  • Member of the Board of the United Nations University’s World Institute for Development Economics Research, Helsinki (Finland)
  • Member of the Executive Board of the African Capacity Building Foundation, Harare Zimbabwe)
  • Chairman of the Board of the African Regional Centre for Technology (ARCT), Dakar Senegal), the Industrial Company for the Uses of Solar Energy, Dakar (Senegal) and the Board of the Foundation for Development of Science and Technology, Dakar (Senegal)[1]

Honors and criticism[edit]

Diouf has received multiple honors from governments around the world, including the Légion d'honneur in France as well as numerous governments across Africa and Latin America.

In May 2006, a British newspaper published the resignation letter of Louise Fresco, an Assistant Director General of FAO. In her letter, the widely respected Dr Fresco criticised Diouf's management style: "I am sad that you have isolated yourself so much from most senior managers. Combined with a lack of transparency in decision making, you have stimulated a culture of silence, rumors and even fear." Furthermore she stated that "the Organisation has been unable to adapt to a new era", that "our contribution and reputation have declined steadily" and "its leadership has not proposed bold options to overcome this crisis".[2]

In 2010, a so-called whistleblowing book was published on Amazon.com under a fictional name by a former staff member of FAO. It purported to describe the management methods and the state of the organization at the time of his departure. At the request of FAO officials attacked in the book, a legal action was initiated to protect the reputation of those concerned; the action was later dismissed on procedural grounds. These are the links to these most relevant documents When FAO scores only 27 points in Transparency... http://oneworldtrust.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=85&tmpl=component&format=raw&Itemid=55

Independent Evaluation of the Food and Agriculture Organisation ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/012/k0827e_rev1.pdf

Andrew Mitchel DFID's Head about FAO's performance http://www.news-medical.net/news/20110301/UKs-DFID-might-reduce-funding-for-FAO-in-light-of-patchy-performance.aspx

Interfaith activities[edit]

In 2009, he took part in a special synod for Africa organized by the Catholic Church in Rome, even though Diouf is a Muslim. The synod discussed several pastoral issues that are not directly related to religion, and which involve cooperation between the Catholic Church and the United Nations, such as food security, the status of African health care, and attempts to solve conflicts and achieve peace on the continent.[3]

Honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Dr. Jacques Diouf curriculum vitae (ftp://ftp.fao.org/about/dg-cv-y9776e2.pdf)
  2. ^ Resignation letter of Louise Fresco, ADG, FAO, Guardian Unlimited, 14 May 2006, [1]
  3. ^ La Croix article
  4. ^ Nomination by Sovereign Ordonnance n°15534 of 12 October 2002 (French)
  5. ^ 平成24年春の外国人叙勲 2012 List of the Awarded foreginers