Jacques Dubois (literary theorist)

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Jacques Dubois (born 1933, Liège), Professor emeritus of Literature at the Université de Liège invented the concept of the Literary Institution following the work of Pierre Bourdieu[1] by analogy with other social institutions such as military, medical, and political. He is also a Member of the Groupe µ. In 1983, he was the main editor of the Manifesto for Walloon culture.

On May 6, 2003, the prestigious collection La Pléiade was enriched by 21 of Simenon's novels. Jacques Dubois, president of the Center for Georges Simenon Studies has chosen the Simenon's books, written the notes and surveys with another Walloon Simenon specialist Benoît Denis. Jacques Dubois: We were totally free to choose the 21 works which will be represented in the Pléiade. The choice was difficult and painful. And Benoît Denis: We have of course included the inescapable masterpieces, The Snow Was Black, Act of Passion Mr. Hire's Engagement, The Little Saint. We wanted the different periods of his life, French, American, Swiss, to be represented. As a result we have included works from his beginnings, less known, like Tropic Moon and The House by the Canal, where, nonetheless, all of Simenon is already present. We have included relatively few Maigrets, as these novels have a rather pronounced standard and repetitive aspect.[2]

The literary institution[edit]

According Michel Biron, Jacques Dubois sought to establish the link between institution and text, while institution upon one of sociocriticism's and, his view, neglected goals, namely the conditions of the material conditions of a text.[3]


  • Rhétorique générale (avec le Groupe µ), Éditions Larousse, 1970. Réédition en format de poche, Éditions Le Seuil, Paris, 1992.
  • Rhétorique de la poésie (avec le Groupe µ), Éditions Complexe, Bruxelles, 1977.
  • L'essai, la critique in : La Wallonie, le Pays et les Hommes, La Renaissance du Livre, Bruxelles, 1979.
  • Le secret du Manifeste in : La Revue Nouvelle, janvier 1984 (numéro spécial consacré au Manifesto for Walloon culture).
  • L'institution de la littérature : Introduction à une sociologie, Bruxelles, Labor, 1990.
  • Réalité wallonne et médias in : Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Oser être wallon, Quorum, Gerpinnes, 1998.
  • Le Roman policier ou la modernité, Paris, Nathan, 1996.
  • Pour Albertine. Proust et le sens du social, Paris, Seuil, 1997.
  • Les Romanciers du réel. De Balzac à Simenon, Paris, Seuil, 2000.
  • Stendhal. Une sociologie romanesque, Paris, La Découverte, 2007.


  1. ^ Michel Biron, Sociocriticism in Encyclopedia of Contemporary Literary Theory: Approaches, Scholars, Terms By Irene Rima Makaryk, Contributor Irene Rima Makaryk, Published by University of Toronto Press, 1993 pp.189-193 ISBN 0-8020-6860-X
  2. ^ Simenon in the Pléiade in Le Soir illustré
  3. ^ Michel Biron, Sociocriticism in Encyclopedia of Contemporary Literary Theory: Approaches, Scholars, Terms opus citatus, p.191

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