Jacques Martin (comics)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
September 25, 1921|
|Died||January 21, 2010
Orbe, Switzerland 
|Area(s)||Cartoonist, Writer, Penciller|
Jacques Martin (25 September 1921 – 21 January 2010) was a French comics artist and comic book creator. He was one of the classic artists of Tintin magazine, alongside Edgar P. Jacobs and Hergé, of whom he was a longtime collaborator. He is best known for his series Alix. He was born in Strasbourg.
After being initially forced into engineering studies as a young man, Jacques Martin began in 1942 to draw his first comic stories. In 1946, following the end of the War, he travelled through Belgium in search of an editor for his work. Soon afterwards he met Georges Remi (aka Hergé) with whom he collaborated on several albums of The Adventures of Tintin (and more specifically on Tintin in Tibet and The Red Sea Sharks) while working on his own albums. It was from Hergé that he learned of the ligne claire style and, under Hergé's guidance, began to use it in his own work. He would later be considered one of the great five of the ligne claire style, along with Hergé, Edgar P. Jacobs, Bob de Moor and Willy Vandersteen.
In 1948, he created Alix, his most famous series, published in the magazine Tintin, whose adventures - extremely well researched - occur in Roman antiquity. This historic comic soon became one of the most popular of the genre and went on to be published in several countries worldwide.
Martin went on to create other characters, beginning with the contemporary journalist Lefranc in 1952. Much later he created others in collaboration with various partners, namely the medieval architect Jhen (initially entitled Xan) in 1978, the French revolutionary officer Arno in 1984, the Athenian Orion in 1990, and the Egyptian Keos in 1992. In 2003, he also started a new series - Loïs set in the court of Louis the sun king of France.
- 1978: Angoulême Best French Realistic Work, for Alix: Le spectre de Carthage 
- 2003: Prix Saint-Michel Grand Prix 
- "Jacques Martin, le père d'Alix, décède à l'âge de 88 ans" (in French). France24. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Mouchart, Benoit. "Hergé Son of Tintin".(French)
- "Jacques Martin". Comiclopedia. Lambiek.
- (in French). Tribune de Genève. 21 January 2010 http://www.tdg.ch/depeches/people/bandes-dessinees-deces-jacques-martin-pere-alix. Retrieved 21 January 2010. Missing or empty
- toutenBD. "Le palmarès 1978".(French)
- ComicsFestivalBelgium. "Comics Festival Belgium 2003".(French)(Dutch)
- Jacques Martin biography in Evene (French)
- Jacques Martin publications in Belgian Tintin, French Tintin BDoubliées (French)
- Jacques Martin albums Bedetheque (French)