||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
Jacques Tits in May 2008
12 August 1930 |
French (since 1974)
|Institutions||Free University of Brussels
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
University of Bonn
Collège de France
French Academy of Sciences
|Doctoral advisor||Paul Libois|
|Doctoral students||Francis Buekenhout
Jens Carsten Jantzen
|Known for||The Tits group, the Tits alternative, Tits buildings|
|Notable awards||Abel Prize (2008, with John G. Thompson)|
Jacques Tits (French: [tits]; born 12 August 1930 in Uccle) is a Belgium-born French mathematician who works on group theory and geometry and who introduced Tits buildings, the Tits alternative, and the Tits group.
Tits was born in Uccle to Léon Tits, a professor, and Lousia André. Jacques attended the Athénée of Uccle and the Free University of Brussels. His thesis advisor was Paul Libois, and Tits graduated with his doctorate in 1950 with the dissertation Généralisation des groupes projectifs basés sur la notion de transitivité. His academic career includes professorships at the Free University of Brussels (now split into the Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel) (1962-1964), the University of Bonn (1964-1974) and the Collège de France in Paris, until becoming emeritus in 2000. He changed his citizenship to French in 1974 in order to teach at the Collège de France, which at that point required French citizenship. Because Belgian nationality law did not allow dual nationality at the time, he renounced his Belgian citizenship. He has been a member of the French Academy of Sciences since then.
Tits was an "honorary" member of the Nicolas Bourbaki group; as such, he helped popularize Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter's work, introducing terms such as Coxeter number, Coxeter group, and Coxeter graph.
Tits received the Wolf Prize in Mathematics in 1993, the Cantor Medal from the Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung (German Mathematical Society) in 1996, and the German distinction "Pour le Mérite". In 2008 he was awarded the Abel Prize, along with John Griggs Thompson, “for their profound achievements in algebra and in particular for shaping modern group theory.” He is a member of several Academies of Sciences.
He introduced the theory of buildings (sometimes known as Tits buildings), which are combinatorial structures on which groups act, particularly in algebraic group theory (including finite groups, and groups defined over the p-adic numbers). The related theory of (B, N) pairs is a basic tool in the theory of groups of Lie type. Of particular importance is his classification of all irreducible buildings of spherical type and rank at least three, which involved classifying all polar spaces of rank at least three. In the rank-2 case spherical building are generalized n-gons, and in joint work with Richard Weiss he classified these when they admit a suitable group of symmetries (the so-called Moufang polygons). In collaboration with François Bruhat he developed the theory of affine buildings, and later he classified all irreducible buildings of affine type and rank at least four.
Another of his well known theorems is the "Tits alternative": if G is a finitely generated subgroup of a linear group, then either G has a solvable subgroup of finite index or it has a free subgroup of rank 2.
- Tits, Jacques (1964). "Algebraic and abstract simple groups". Annals of Mathematics. Second Series 80 (2): 313–329. doi:10.2307/1970394. ISSN 0003-486X. JSTOR 1970394. MR 0164968
- Tits, Jacques (1974). Buildings of spherical type and finite BN-pairs. Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 386 386. Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-38349-9. ISBN 978-3-540-06757-3. MR 0470099
- Tits, Jacques; Weiss, Richard M. (2002). Moufang polygons. Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-540-43714-7. MR 1938841
- Siobhan Roberts, "Donald Coxeter: The man who saved geometry", Toronto Life, January 2003
- "Thompson and Tits share the Abel Prize for 2008". The Niels Henrik Abel Memorial Fund. 2008-05-17. Archived from the original on 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-05-20. "The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters has decided to award the Abel Prize for 2008 to John Griggs Thompson, University of Florida and Jacques Tits, Collège de France. This was announced by the Academy’s President, Ole Didrik Lærum, at a press conference in Oslo today. Thompson and Tits receives the Abel Prize “for their profound achievements in algebra and in particular for shaping modern group theory”."
- "Gruppe 1: Matematiske fag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- Curtis, Charles W. (1975). "Review: Buildings of spherical type and finite BN-pairs, by Jacques Tits". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 81 (4): 652–657. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1975-13808-0.
- Jacques Tits at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Jacques Tits", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Biography at the Abel Prize site (pdf)