|French literary history|
Jacques Yver, seigneur de la Bigoterie and de Plaisance (c.1548 - 1571/1572) was a French writer of the Renaissance. His posthumous collection of tales mixed with verse, Le Printemps, enjoyed an important publishing success, with 33 editions published from 1572 to 1635.
Jacques Yver was born in Niort. His titles come from two small fiefs on the Sèvre river, near Niort. He went to school in Poitiers where he studied law and frequented the literary circles of the day. After trips to Italy and, perhaps, to the Rhine region, he returned home to find the region torn by the French Wars of Religion and appears to have joined the party of the "politiques".
The full title of his short story collection is Le Printemps d'Yver, contenant plusieurs histoires discourues en cinq journées (English: The Spring of Yver or, of Winter, as Yver could also refer to hiver) containing several stories told over five days. (Published in Paris and Antwerp, 1572).
The work follows the frame tale technique made famous by Boccaccio's Decameron and Marguerite de Navarre's Heptameron: in a castle in Saintonge, a group of gentlemen and ladies (presented as real people, albeit under assumed names) gather together and tell each other five stories followed by debates on love. Each speaker maintains a different thesis on the nature of love and the culpability of the sexes.
- Eraste et Perside
- Guillaume le Bâtard
- Fleurie et Hermann
- Clarinde et Alègre
The fifth tale is lighter in tone:
- Claribel et Floradin
The work also includes verse passages, including Complaincte sur les misères de la guerre civile (Complaint on the Miseries of the Civil War).
- (French) Simonin, Michel, ed. Dictionnaire des lettres françaises - Le XVIe siècle. Article "Yver (Jacques)", pp.1214-1215, Paris: Fayard, 2001. ISBN 2-253-05663-4
- (French) Biography on the site of the Encyclopédie Larousse