Jacques de Reinach

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Jacques de Reinach
Carricature: The Panama Canal: Baron de Reinach is forced to swallow poison. Watercolour drawing by H.S. Robert, ca. 1897.

Baron Jacob Adolphe Reinach[1] (17 April 1840, Frankfurt - 19 November 1892, Paris), known as Jacques de Reinach was a French banker of Jewish German origin, involved in many major financial affairs of the era and finally brought down by the Panama scandal. He was the son of Clementine Oppenheim (1822–1899) and her husband Adolphe de Reinach (1814–1879), Belgian consul in Frankfurt, ennobled in Italy in 1866 and then confirmed as a noble by William I of Germany.

Life[edit]

Banker[edit]

He settled in Paris at the end of the 1850s and in 1863 founded the banque Kohn-Reinach with his brother in law, the international financier Édouard Kohn. On 6 May 1863 he married his first cousin Fanny Emden. Their children were Henriette-Clémentine (who married Joseph Reinach), Lucien and Juliette-Maximilienne. He served in the National Guard during the Siege of Paris (1870–1871) and was naturalised as a French citizen in 1871.

His affairs prospered with the construction of the chemins de fer de Provence and investments in Canadian Pacific in Canada. His hôtel particulier at Parc Monceau became the rendez-vous for all political, financial and artistic Paris.[2] He also bought the château de Nivillers, a village in Picardy, of which he became mayor in 1884.

Panama scandal[edit]

Main article: Panama scandals

Fictional depiction[edit]

  • In the 1898 novel Paris, Émile Zola based baron Duvillard on Jacques de Reinach.[3]

More recently, Reinach's suicide is a plot point in Eric Zencey's novel Panama.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Not to be confused with the Alsatian line of the barons of Reinach.
  2. ^ "Baron Jacob Adolphe Reinach : The Financier Whose Death Upset the Loubet Ministry". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Mollier, Jean-Yves (2000). "Littérature et presse du trottoir à la Belle Époque" (PDF). in Études françaises (in French). 36, n° 3. p. 84.