Jactitation

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For the medical term, see Jactitation (medicine).

In English law, jactitation is the maliciously boasting or giving out by one party that he or she is married to the other. It also exists in law of the Republic of Ireland.

In such a case, in order to prevent the common reputation of their marriage that might ensue, the procedure is by suit of jactitation of marriage, in which the petitioner alleges that the respondent boasts that he or she is married to the petitioner, and prays a declaration of nullity and a decree putting the respondent to perpetual silence thereafter. To the suit there are three defences:

  1. denial of the boasting;
  2. the truth of the representations;
  3. allegation (by way of estoppel) that the petitioner acquiesced in the boasting of the respondent.

In Thompson v. Rourke,[1] the Court of Appeal laid down that the court will not make a decree in a jactitation suit in favour of a petitioner who has at any time acquiesced in the assertion of the respondent that they were actually married.

Prior to 1857 such a proceeding took place only in the Ecclesiastical Court, but by express terms of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1857 it could be brought in the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court. The right to petition for jactitation of marriage was abolished by Section 61 of the Family Law Act 1986. In the Republic of Ireland, the same was effected by section 34 of the Family Law Act 1995.[2]

In addition, this term may refer to acts such as slander of title or other similar misrepresentations of the ownership of physical or intellectual property.

References[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jactitation". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

  1. ^ Thompson v. Rourke, 1893, Prob. 70
  2. ^ 34-Abolition of right to petition for jactitation of marriage. Family Law Act 1995, Irish Statute Book