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Jadaun or Jadon
Hindi, Brajbhasha
Related ethnic groups
Krishna with Nand Baba holding Mount Goverdhan to protect his cows and cowherds

The Jadaun (also spelt as Jadon) are a clan (gotra) of Rajputs.[1] Term Jadon also refers to the division of Banjara, a nomadic community,[2][3] a group of Mali (Gardener) caste[4] and a sub caste of Kurmi caste [5][6] in India

Connection with Yadu[edit]

Various evident sources say that it is almost certain that the Andhakas, Vrushnis, Satvatas, Abhiras(Ahirs) and Nagas together came to be known as Yadavas, a very powerful community who adopted Krishna as a legendary hero in due course of time.[7]

In the proceedings of Indian History Congress, it is asserted that the ruling family of Yadavas became substitute for ancient 'Sursena' dynasty in early eleventh century. From Yadava to Jadava and then to Jadon or Jadaun was an early etymological transformation.[8]

According to Russell and Hiralal, Jadon is a well known Rajput sect[9] of Yadu or Yadava line,[10] but H.A. Rose asserted that the term Jadon clearly comes later and It is impossible to identify Jadun (Jadon) with the Yadu Rajputs.[11]

Ruben, a reviewer of Megasthenes's accounts about India,, holds the view in this regard , "Krishna was a shepherd hero, and a shepherd caste of Ahir alone is descended from Krishna; no Indian royal house."[12]

According to The Rajputana gazetteers, "The Ahir Rao of Rewari, formerly an important chief to the north, belonged to the Aphariya division of the Jadon clan."[13]

Indian anthropologist, K.S. Singh believes that many well known Ahir kings like Madhuriputra, Ishwarsen and Shivdatta later mingled with Yadav Rajputs.[14][15]

In a similar context, the historian J. N. Singh Yadav clarifies "Land, wealth or high offices in the Government has always been the determinant of social position. Yadavas possessing lands considered land-less Yadavas inferior to themselves."[16] hence, the Aphariyas Jadauns,consider other Ahirs inferior because the former have been the state rulers.[16]

According to S.D.S. Yadava, who believes that all Yadavas are Ahirs but not all Ahirs are Yadavas and asserted about the term Yadav Rajputs

"Surprisingly, neither Lord Krishna, nor any of his wives were Rajput (in fact, the Rajput community did not exist during Lord Krishna's life time nor till many centuries afterwards). How could he lay the foundation of a community other than his own amongst his descendants? It is however felt that their claim of being Yaduvanshis may well be justified, being descendants of Lord Krishna can not be verified, but being Yadava Rajputs is completely and totally incomprehensible."[17]

Jadaun Kingdom[edit]

Notable Personalities[edit]

  • Raja Baldeo Singh [20]
  • The Maharani of Karauli Rohini Kumari[21]


  1. ^ Singh, David Emmanuel (2012). Islamization in Modern South Asia: Deobandi Reform and the Gujjar Response. Walter de Gruyter,. p. 200. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Shashishekhar Gopal Deogaonkar, Shailaja Shashishekhar Deogaonkar (1992). The Banjara. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 18,19. ISBN 9788170224334. 
  3. ^ Venkatesa Iyengar (1932). The Mysore Volume 25 of Census of India 1931. Mittal Publications. p. 146. 
  4. ^ H.A. Rose (1997). Glossary Of The Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-west Frontier ProvinceVol. 3. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 58. ISBN 9788185297705. 
  5. ^ Robert Vane Russell (1916). pt. II. Descriptive articles on the principal castes and tribes of the Central Provinces. Macmillan and Company, limited. p. 57. 
  6. ^ Sir Henry Miers Elliot Editor John Beames (1869). Memoirs on the History, Folk-lore, and Distribution of the Races of the North Western Provinces of India: Being an Amplified Edition of the Original Supplemental Glossary of Indian Terms, Volume 1. Trübner & Company. p. 156. 
  7. ^ Jayant Gadkari (1996). Society and Religion: From Rugveda to Puranas. Popular Prakashan,. p. 184. ISBN 9788171547432. 
  8. ^ Indian History Congress (2000). Proceedings - Indian History Congress, Volume 60. University of Virginia. p. 1127. 
  9. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh, B. V. Bhanu, B. V. Mehta, Anthropological Survey of India (2004). People of India: Maharashtra, Part 2. Popular Prakashan. p. 887. ISBN 9788179911013. 
  10. ^ Robert Vane Russell (1916). pt. II. Descriptive articles on the principal castes and tribes of the Central Provinces. Macmillan and Co., limited, Original from the University of Michigan. p. 469. 
  11. ^ H.A. Rose (1997). Glossary Of The Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-west Frontier ProvinceVol. 2. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 339. ISBN 9788185297699. 
  12. ^ Allan Dahlaquist (1996 ISBN 8120813235, 9788120813236). Megasthenes and Indian Religion. Motilal Banarsidass Publ.,. p. 85. ISBN 9788120813236.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  13. ^ Rajputana (2007). The Rajputana gazetteers The Rajputana gazetteers, Rajputana. Oxford University. p. 206. 
  14. ^ K. S. Singh (1998). People of India Volume 38, Part 1 of People of India Series, Anthropological Survey of India. Popular Prakashan. p. 44. ISBN 9788171547661. 
  15. ^ K. S. Singh, B. K. Lavania (1998). Rajasthan, Volume 1. Popular Prakashan,. p. 44. ISBN 9788171547661. 
  16. ^ a b J. N. Singh Yadav (1992). Yadavas through the ages, from ancient period to date, Volume 2. Sharada Pub. House Original from the University of Michigan. p. 186. ISBN 9788185616032. 
  17. ^ S. D. S. Yadava (2006). Followers of Krishna: Yadavas of India. Lancer Publishers,. p. 11. ISBN 9788170622161. 
  18. ^ a b Lucia Michelutti (2008). The Vernacularisation of Democracy: Politics, Caste, and Religion in India. Routledge, 2008 Original from the University of California. p. 43. ISBN 9780415467322. 
  19. ^ Edmund Leach, S.N. Mukherjee (1970). elites in south asia. CUP Archive. p. 30. 
  20. ^ Sir Roper Lethbridge (2005). The Golden Book of India: A Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the Ruling Princes, Chiefs, Nobles, and Other Personages, Titled Or Decorated of the Indian Empire. Aakar Books. p. 47. ISBN 9788187879541. 
  21. ^ FPJ Bureau (Nov 12, 2013). "VASUNDHARA PITTED AGAINST A ‘LOSER’". FPJ Bureau. The Free Press. Retrieved 16 January 2015.