|• Official||Hindi, Santali|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jadugora (also spelt as Jadugoda or Jaduguda) is a census town in Purbi Singhbhum district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is a small township of Uranium Corporation of India in the Singhbhum district of Jharkhand state in Eastern India. It is 35 km by road and 20 km by train from the city of Jamshedpur. This was the first mines where Uranium was produced in India on a reasonable scale. The township was established in 1965, and it was way ahead of its time with modern school, clubs with tennis courts and a full-fledged hospital. The school here was part of the chain of schools called Atomic Energy Central School.
As of 2001[update] India census, Jadugora had a population of 19,003. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jadugora has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 63%. In Jadugora, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Jadugoda is blessed with diverse flora and fauna and rich tribal culture.The major tribes are santhals, Gonds etc. who worship nature.The place is surrounded by hills and rivers.Many species of birds, reptiles and animals are found here.The culture of Jadugoda is very influenced with culture of West Bengal, Odisha and Bihar, which are the neighboring states of Jharkhand.The major festivals celebrated here are Durga Puja, Diwali and Tusu Parva, which as a local tribal festival.
Rankini Temple is famous temple located on the road side from Jadugoda to Tiring only 2 km from Jadugoda market.This temple is famous for fulfilling desires in Jadugoda as well as in Jamshedpur.Large numbers of visitors can be seen on Tuesday from Jadugoda and places around it.
Galudi Bridge is another beautiful place to visit which is around 5 km from UCIL colony towards rakha mines colony.This bridge is the largest bridge on Subernarekha river.
Aam Jharna is located just opposite of the UCIL residential colony.This place is known for its scenic beauty.It is a very good picnic spot in Jadugoda.
Uranium Mines at Jadugoda & Narwapahar
Jadugora or Jadugoda is the headquarters of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (A Govt of India Enterprise). It was established in the late 1960s due to presence of rich ore of Uranium. The Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. (UCIL) recently completed its project of uranium Mining and Mill at Narwapahar, Jharkhand. Adequate resources of uranium have been identified to meet the requirements of India's nuclear power program. The uranium deposit at Jaduguda, Singhbhum district, Jharkhand, has been under exploitation since 1962. The uranium deposits at Bhatin and Narwapahar are currently being exploited. Ore from the three deposits is treated in a mill at Jaduguda in the Singhbhum region, and the yield is 300 tons of uranium per year, which is more than sufficient to meet expected requirements for years.
The Jadugoda mines employ 5,000 people. However, the waste generated "has put 50,000 people, mostly from tribal communities, at risk," and "a recent study of about 9,000 people in villages near the mines has documented cases of congenital deformities, infertility, cancer, respiratory problems and miscarriages."
The Narwapahar mine, 12 km north west of Jaduguda, is one of the most modern mines in the country. The new uranium mine, Narwapahar Mine, was built with Russian technology. Trackless mining equipment are in use for the first time in the country. Mine development progress rates of over 300 meters per month have been achieved and the underground output per man shift is 1.9 tonnes, which is considered to be best in the country. The Narwapahar mine is worked by a decline and a vertical shaft. The decline has the advantage that heavy equipment can be lowered to the working area without dismantling. The shaft is used for hoisting ore and movement of personnel.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Pandey, Sanjay (2014-06-25). "India's uranium mines expose villages to radiation". Deutsche Welle - Environment. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
- Hiroaki KOIDE, Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University Radioactive contamination around Jadugoda uranium mine in India April 27, 2004
- Jadugoda: The Nuclear Graveyard