Jaen, Nueva Ecija
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Map of Nueva Ecija showing Jaen
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Founded||June 18, 1865|
|• Mayor||Santiago R. Austria|
|• Total||85.46 km2 (33.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||25 m (82 ft)|
|• Density||780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class; partially urban|
During the Spanish Era, the municipality was only a component barrio of Gapan. When San Isidro became a town and was separated from Gapan, the town and San Antonio became one of its component barrios. When San Antonio itself became a town, the area was still its component barrio called San Agustin. By 1865, Jaen was known by its old name "Ibayong Ilog", and because there were many people in the river port in what is now Barangay Langla, the town became a centre for trade.
When the place improved and its population grew to no less than 5,000 people, it became a town through a petition filed by the inhabitants through the initiative of two early leaders, Kabesang Prudencio Esquivel and Kapitan Antonio Embuscado. On June 18, 1865, Jaen itself partitioned from San Antonio, and retained Saint Augustine of Hippo as its patron saint. The Spanish officials signed the papers granting the petition that "Ibayong Ilog" be a town in Factoria (now San Isidro) which was then the capital of Nueva Ecija. The declaration was brought to Governor-General Juan de Lara e Irigoyen in Manila, and afterwards was submitted to the Vice-General of the Philippines in the person of Rev Gregorio Martínez. Father Martínez marked the document as approved but later wrote in his own wish that the name "Ibayong Ilog" be changed to the name of his birthplace of Jaén, Spain.
In coordination with Rev Estanislao B. Moso, Kabesang Prudencio and Kapitan Antonio led the establishment of the first Catholic church (the present-day parish church). Jaen is in Central Luzon, in the southern part of Nueva Ecija. About 100 km from Manila via the old Cagayan Valley Road, the town has other road networks connecting it to Nueva Viscaya, Isabela, Pampanga, Olangapo and Bataan. In the olden days, Pampanga River was once the only and the fastest way of transportation in going to Manila and other places.
On August 24, 1896, its people revolted against the Spaniards and in September of the same year, armed with bolos and spears, ambushed and killed forty Spanish soldiers in Lumanas (now a Sitio of Barangay Sto. Tomas South). This successful attack made Lumanas a historical site called "Pinagtambangan", where a marker was erected in memory of the event.
The municipality is situated in the southern part of Nueva Ecija, some 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Manila. Jaén is bounded by the municipalities of Sta. Rosa on the northeast; Zaragoza on the northwest; by San Isidro on the south; San Leonardo on the east and by San Antonio on the west.
The municipality has a land area of 11,800 hectares (29,000 acres) and is divided into 27 barangays, two of which are in the Población proper.
- Dampulan Población (Pikada)
- Apo Esquivel Población
- Antonino (Población)
- San Josef (Navao)
- Ocampo-Rivera District (Población)
- San José
- San Pablo
- San Roque
- San Vicente
- Santa Rita
- Santo Tomás North
- Santo Tomás South
|Population census of Jaen|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Most of the northwestern section of the municipality is devoted to rice farming, as rice production is the main livelihood of the populace. Twenty barangays of Jaén are fully irrigated, with about 80% of the land (approximately 9,500 hectares) being suited for rice production.
Mango plantations are found in the southern portion of the municipality. Based on the latest survey, 584 hectares are utilised for mango production, including backyard mango farms.Ten percent of the total agricultural area is for planting vegetables.
In the Población and nearby barangays, several establishments have sprouted. These include agricultural supply traders, dry goods stores, hard wares, groceries and eateries. The public market is in the area.
Among the service businesses in the area are pawnshops, auto and motorcycle parts and service, computer repair shops, internet café, tailoring and dress shops and rural banks.
Distilled and purified water processors, mobile phone card dealers, cable and landline telephone businesses are also present in the municipality.
Professional services of doctors, accountants, dentists, lawyers and engineers are also prevalent in the town. Most of the unemployed and out-of-school youths are given manual labour by private contractors and the local government unit, such as construction workers and street sweepers.
Mayors of Jaén
Kapitan dela Cruz was later on succeeded by an elected Municipal President, an office superseded by the title "Mayor of Jaén":
- 1902 - 1907 Apolinario Esquivel
- 1916 - 1922 Patricio Yambao, Sr.
- 1922 - 1925 Prudencio Eduardo
- 1925 - 1928 Delfín Esquivel
- 1928 - 1931 Patricio Yambao, Sr.
- 1931 - 1934 Ambrocio Javaluyas
- 1934 - 1937 Patricio Yambao, Sr.
- 1934–1945 José C. Carlos
- 1945–1954 Bartolome García
- 1954–1956 Bonifacio Hipólito
- 1956–1967 Felix E. Velarde
- 1968–1970 Patricio Yambao, Jr.
- 1970–1979 Felix E. Velarde
- 1979–1986 Franklin Eduardo
- 1986–1988 Patricio Yambao, Jr.
- 1988–1992 Franklin Eduardo
- 1992–1998 Antonio Esquivel
- 1998–2004 Cezar Eduardo
- 2004– 2007 Antonio Esquivel
- 2007– present: Santiago R. Austria
- San Agustin Diocesan Academy Inc. (formerly Luzon Central Institute, San Agustin Academy and San Agustin Parochial Academy Foundation Inc.)
- Blessed Hope Christian School (Brgy. Población)
- Jaen National High School (near in Jaen West Elementary School former name Putlod San Jose National High School Annex)
- Lambakin National High School (former name Putlod San Jose National High School Annex)
- Montesorri School of Jaen Inc. (Campugo, Sto. Tomas South)
- Putlod San Jose National High School (formerly called Putlod San Jose Barangay High School)
- Putlod San Jose National High School Annex (Marawa)
Places of interest
- Lolita Ilao Memorial Library: The library was donated by Mr. Tommy Ilao for the people of Jaén and is located at Brgy. Dampulan, beside West Elementary School.
- Pinaglabanan Marker (Lumanas, Sto Tomas South, Jaen, Nueva Ecija): The marker stands where the historical battle between the Spaniards and the people of Jaen took place on September 4, 1896. The group was led by Lt. Col. Delfin Esquivel and they used bolos, spears and several guns.
- Jaén Fruit and Sweets Stands: varieties of fruits in Barangay Sapang along National Highway
- Villa Aurora Resort (Brgy. San Josef)
- Golden Shower Resort (Brgy. Niyugan)
- Agustinian Alumni Association Jaen, N.E.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jaen, Nueva Ecija.|
- Jaen Nueva Ecija Official Website
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
|San Antonio||San Leonardo|