Jafargulu agha Javanshir

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Jafargulu agha Javanshir
Born 1787
Shusha, Karabakh Khanate, Azerbaijan, Russian Empire
Died 1867
Shusha, Karabakh Khanate, Azerbaijan, Russian Empire
Occupation Poet, public figure, major-general of the Imperial Russian Army
Children Abdullapasha Agha, Kerim Agha and Hidayet Agha.

Jafargulu agha Javanshir (Azerbaijani: Cəfərqulu xan Məhəmmədhəsən ağa oğlu Sarıcalı-Cavanşir; 1787 — 1866) was an Azerbaijani poet and public figure and was a major-general of the Russian Army.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Javargulu Agha was born in 1787, in Shusha. He was the elder son of Mammadhasan agha Javanshir, a major-general of the Russian army and legatee of Ibrahimkhalil khan of Karabakh.[3] After his father’s death in November 1805, “he was recognized as a legal heir of the Karabakh Khanate by the Russian government” and conferred a gold medal with the inscription “Karabakh’s Legatee”.

Nevertheless, Jafargulu Agha’s uncle major-general Mehdigulu khan was promoted to khan of Karabakh “for political reasons” by a supreme order, after murder of Ibrahim Khalil khan, by lieutenant-colonel Lisanevich in 1806.

Jafargulu Agha was especially distinguished during the Russo-Persian War on 1804-1813, when he destroyed Iranians under Ordubad and Qafan, in 1806, by commanding horse cavalry of Karabakh. On January 2, 1807 he was promoted directly to colonel by a supreme order.

On February 20, 1820 colonel Jafargulu Agha was conferred a golden gun “with diamonds and jewel adornments” with a ligature “For Courage”.[4]

Mehdigulu khan carried on a struggle against him, but in the issue he was forced to escape to Iran. Karabakh khanate was abolished and became a province of Russia.[5] Jafargulu Agha wrote poems under a pseudonym “Nava”.[6]

Jafargulu agha died in 1867 and was buried in an ancestral cemetery, in Shusha.

Family[edit]

He was married to Ajaibnisa khanim Tuni bey gizi and Yetar khanim Huseyngulu bey gizi. From these marriages, Jafargulu agha had three sons – Abdulla Pasha Agha, Karim Agha and Hidayat Agha. His granddaughter Gamar Bayim Sheyda was famed as a poetess writing rubai and ghazals.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Исмаилов Э.Э. (2002). Ханы Карабахские и их потомки. Генеалогический вестник. Выпуск 12. pp. 40–45. 
  2. ^ Анвар Чингизоглы. (2003). Родословная Мамедгасан-аги. 2. 
  3. ^ Акты Кавказской Археографической Комиссии. т. III, ст. 605, 606
  4. ^ Э. Э. Исмаилов. Золотое оружие с надписью "За храбрость". Списки кавалеров 1788 - 1913. — Москва, 2007, с. 172
  5. ^ Мильман А. Ш. Политический строй Азербайджана в XIX — начале XX веков (административный аппарат и суд, формы и методы колониального управления). — Баку, 1966, с. 67
  6. ^ "CӘFӘRQULU XAN "NӘVA" TӘXӘLLÜS". anl.az. 
  7. ^ Азербайджанский гендерный информационный центр. Qəmər Bəyim Şeyda